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Source file src/unicode/utf16/utf16.go

Documentation: unicode/utf16

     1  // Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package utf16 implements encoding and decoding of UTF-16 sequences.
     6  package utf16
     7  
     8  // The conditions replacementChar==unicode.ReplacementChar and
     9  // maxRune==unicode.MaxRune are verified in the tests.
    10  // Defining them locally avoids this package depending on package unicode.
    11  
    12  const (
    13  	replacementChar = '\uFFFD'     // Unicode replacement character
    14  	maxRune         = '\U0010FFFF' // Maximum valid Unicode code point.
    15  )
    16  
    17  const (
    18  	// 0xd800-0xdc00 encodes the high 10 bits of a pair.
    19  	// 0xdc00-0xe000 encodes the low 10 bits of a pair.
    20  	// the value is those 20 bits plus 0x10000.
    21  	surr1 = 0xd800
    22  	surr2 = 0xdc00
    23  	surr3 = 0xe000
    24  
    25  	surrSelf = 0x10000
    26  )
    27  
    28  // IsSurrogate reports whether the specified Unicode code point
    29  // can appear in a surrogate pair.
    30  func IsSurrogate(r rune) bool {
    31  	return surr1 <= r && r < surr3
    32  }
    33  
    34  // DecodeRune returns the UTF-16 decoding of a surrogate pair.
    35  // If the pair is not a valid UTF-16 surrogate pair, DecodeRune returns
    36  // the Unicode replacement code point U+FFFD.
    37  func DecodeRune(r1, r2 rune) rune {
    38  	if surr1 <= r1 && r1 < surr2 && surr2 <= r2 && r2 < surr3 {
    39  		return (r1-surr1)<<10 | (r2 - surr2) + surrSelf
    40  	}
    41  	return replacementChar
    42  }
    43  
    44  // EncodeRune returns the UTF-16 surrogate pair r1, r2 for the given rune.
    45  // If the rune is not a valid Unicode code point or does not need encoding,
    46  // EncodeRune returns U+FFFD, U+FFFD.
    47  func EncodeRune(r rune) (r1, r2 rune) {
    48  	if r < surrSelf || r > maxRune {
    49  		return replacementChar, replacementChar
    50  	}
    51  	r -= surrSelf
    52  	return surr1 + (r>>10)&0x3ff, surr2 + r&0x3ff
    53  }
    54  
    55  // Encode returns the UTF-16 encoding of the Unicode code point sequence s.
    56  func Encode(s []rune) []uint16 {
    57  	n := len(s)
    58  	for _, v := range s {
    59  		if v >= surrSelf {
    60  			n++
    61  		}
    62  	}
    63  
    64  	a := make([]uint16, n)
    65  	n = 0
    66  	for _, v := range s {
    67  		switch {
    68  		case 0 <= v && v < surr1, surr3 <= v && v < surrSelf:
    69  			// normal rune
    70  			a[n] = uint16(v)
    71  			n++
    72  		case surrSelf <= v && v <= maxRune:
    73  			// needs surrogate sequence
    74  			r1, r2 := EncodeRune(v)
    75  			a[n] = uint16(r1)
    76  			a[n+1] = uint16(r2)
    77  			n += 2
    78  		default:
    79  			a[n] = uint16(replacementChar)
    80  			n++
    81  		}
    82  	}
    83  	return a[:n]
    84  }
    85  
    86  // Decode returns the Unicode code point sequence represented
    87  // by the UTF-16 encoding s.
    88  func Decode(s []uint16) []rune {
    89  	a := make([]rune, len(s))
    90  	n := 0
    91  	for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
    92  		switch r := s[i]; {
    93  		case r < surr1, surr3 <= r:
    94  			// normal rune
    95  			a[n] = rune(r)
    96  		case surr1 <= r && r < surr2 && i+1 < len(s) &&
    97  			surr2 <= s[i+1] && s[i+1] < surr3:
    98  			// valid surrogate sequence
    99  			a[n] = DecodeRune(rune(r), rune(s[i+1]))
   100  			i++
   101  		default:
   102  			// invalid surrogate sequence
   103  			a[n] = replacementChar
   104  		}
   105  		n++
   106  	}
   107  	return a[:n]
   108  }
   109  

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