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Source file src/runtime/cgocheck.go

Documentation: runtime

     1  // Copyright 2015 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Code to check that pointer writes follow the cgo rules.
     6  // These functions are invoked via the write barrier when debug.cgocheck > 1.
     7  
     8  package runtime
     9  
    10  import (
    11  	"runtime/internal/sys"
    12  	"unsafe"
    13  )
    14  
    15  const cgoWriteBarrierFail = "Go pointer stored into non-Go memory"
    16  
    17  // cgoCheckWriteBarrier is called whenever a pointer is stored into memory.
    18  // It throws if the program is storing a Go pointer into non-Go memory.
    19  //
    20  // This is called from the write barrier, so its entire call tree must
    21  // be nosplit.
    22  //
    23  //go:nosplit
    24  //go:nowritebarrier
    25  func cgoCheckWriteBarrier(dst *uintptr, src uintptr) {
    26  	if !cgoIsGoPointer(unsafe.Pointer(src)) {
    27  		return
    28  	}
    29  	if cgoIsGoPointer(unsafe.Pointer(dst)) {
    30  		return
    31  	}
    32  
    33  	// If we are running on the system stack then dst might be an
    34  	// address on the stack, which is OK.
    35  	g := getg()
    36  	if g == g.m.g0 || g == g.m.gsignal {
    37  		return
    38  	}
    39  
    40  	// Allocating memory can write to various mfixalloc structs
    41  	// that look like they are non-Go memory.
    42  	if g.m.mallocing != 0 {
    43  		return
    44  	}
    45  
    46  	systemstack(func() {
    47  		println("write of Go pointer", hex(src), "to non-Go memory", hex(uintptr(unsafe.Pointer(dst))))
    48  		throw(cgoWriteBarrierFail)
    49  	})
    50  }
    51  
    52  // cgoCheckMemmove is called when moving a block of memory.
    53  // dst and src point off bytes into the value to copy.
    54  // size is the number of bytes to copy.
    55  // It throws if the program is copying a block that contains a Go pointer
    56  // into non-Go memory.
    57  //go:nosplit
    58  //go:nowritebarrier
    59  func cgoCheckMemmove(typ *_type, dst, src unsafe.Pointer, off, size uintptr) {
    60  	if typ.kind&kindNoPointers != 0 {
    61  		return
    62  	}
    63  	if !cgoIsGoPointer(src) {
    64  		return
    65  	}
    66  	if cgoIsGoPointer(dst) {
    67  		return
    68  	}
    69  	cgoCheckTypedBlock(typ, src, off, size)
    70  }
    71  
    72  // cgoCheckSliceCopy is called when copying n elements of a slice from
    73  // src to dst.  typ is the element type of the slice.
    74  // It throws if the program is copying slice elements that contain Go pointers
    75  // into non-Go memory.
    76  //go:nosplit
    77  //go:nowritebarrier
    78  func cgoCheckSliceCopy(typ *_type, dst, src slice, n int) {
    79  	if typ.kind&kindNoPointers != 0 {
    80  		return
    81  	}
    82  	if !cgoIsGoPointer(src.array) {
    83  		return
    84  	}
    85  	if cgoIsGoPointer(dst.array) {
    86  		return
    87  	}
    88  	p := src.array
    89  	for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
    90  		cgoCheckTypedBlock(typ, p, 0, typ.size)
    91  		p = add(p, typ.size)
    92  	}
    93  }
    94  
    95  // cgoCheckTypedBlock checks the block of memory at src, for up to size bytes,
    96  // and throws if it finds a Go pointer. The type of the memory is typ,
    97  // and src is off bytes into that type.
    98  //go:nosplit
    99  //go:nowritebarrier
   100  func cgoCheckTypedBlock(typ *_type, src unsafe.Pointer, off, size uintptr) {
   101  	// Anything past typ.ptrdata is not a pointer.
   102  	if typ.ptrdata <= off {
   103  		return
   104  	}
   105  	if ptrdataSize := typ.ptrdata - off; size > ptrdataSize {
   106  		size = ptrdataSize
   107  	}
   108  
   109  	if typ.kind&kindGCProg == 0 {
   110  		cgoCheckBits(src, typ.gcdata, off, size)
   111  		return
   112  	}
   113  
   114  	// The type has a GC program. Try to find GC bits somewhere else.
   115  	for _, datap := range activeModules() {
   116  		if cgoInRange(src, datap.data, datap.edata) {
   117  			doff := uintptr(src) - datap.data
   118  			cgoCheckBits(add(src, -doff), datap.gcdatamask.bytedata, off+doff, size)
   119  			return
   120  		}
   121  		if cgoInRange(src, datap.bss, datap.ebss) {
   122  			boff := uintptr(src) - datap.bss
   123  			cgoCheckBits(add(src, -boff), datap.gcbssmask.bytedata, off+boff, size)
   124  			return
   125  		}
   126  	}
   127  
   128  	s := spanOfUnchecked(uintptr(src))
   129  	if s.state == _MSpanManual {
   130  		// There are no heap bits for value stored on the stack.
   131  		// For a channel receive src might be on the stack of some
   132  		// other goroutine, so we can't unwind the stack even if
   133  		// we wanted to.
   134  		// We can't expand the GC program without extra storage
   135  		// space we can't easily get.
   136  		// Fortunately we have the type information.
   137  		systemstack(func() {
   138  			cgoCheckUsingType(typ, src, off, size)
   139  		})
   140  		return
   141  	}
   142  
   143  	// src must be in the regular heap.
   144  
   145  	hbits := heapBitsForAddr(uintptr(src))
   146  	for i := uintptr(0); i < off+size; i += sys.PtrSize {
   147  		bits := hbits.bits()
   148  		if i >= off && bits&bitPointer != 0 {
   149  			v := *(*unsafe.Pointer)(add(src, i))
   150  			if cgoIsGoPointer(v) {
   151  				throw(cgoWriteBarrierFail)
   152  			}
   153  		}
   154  		hbits = hbits.next()
   155  	}
   156  }
   157  
   158  // cgoCheckBits checks the block of memory at src, for up to size
   159  // bytes, and throws if it finds a Go pointer. The gcbits mark each
   160  // pointer value. The src pointer is off bytes into the gcbits.
   161  //go:nosplit
   162  //go:nowritebarrier
   163  func cgoCheckBits(src unsafe.Pointer, gcbits *byte, off, size uintptr) {
   164  	skipMask := off / sys.PtrSize / 8
   165  	skipBytes := skipMask * sys.PtrSize * 8
   166  	ptrmask := addb(gcbits, skipMask)
   167  	src = add(src, skipBytes)
   168  	off -= skipBytes
   169  	size += off
   170  	var bits uint32
   171  	for i := uintptr(0); i < size; i += sys.PtrSize {
   172  		if i&(sys.PtrSize*8-1) == 0 {
   173  			bits = uint32(*ptrmask)
   174  			ptrmask = addb(ptrmask, 1)
   175  		} else {
   176  			bits >>= 1
   177  		}
   178  		if off > 0 {
   179  			off -= sys.PtrSize
   180  		} else {
   181  			if bits&1 != 0 {
   182  				v := *(*unsafe.Pointer)(add(src, i))
   183  				if cgoIsGoPointer(v) {
   184  					throw(cgoWriteBarrierFail)
   185  				}
   186  			}
   187  		}
   188  	}
   189  }
   190  
   191  // cgoCheckUsingType is like cgoCheckTypedBlock, but is a last ditch
   192  // fall back to look for pointers in src using the type information.
   193  // We only use this when looking at a value on the stack when the type
   194  // uses a GC program, because otherwise it's more efficient to use the
   195  // GC bits. This is called on the system stack.
   196  //go:nowritebarrier
   197  //go:systemstack
   198  func cgoCheckUsingType(typ *_type, src unsafe.Pointer, off, size uintptr) {
   199  	if typ.kind&kindNoPointers != 0 {
   200  		return
   201  	}
   202  
   203  	// Anything past typ.ptrdata is not a pointer.
   204  	if typ.ptrdata <= off {
   205  		return
   206  	}
   207  	if ptrdataSize := typ.ptrdata - off; size > ptrdataSize {
   208  		size = ptrdataSize
   209  	}
   210  
   211  	if typ.kind&kindGCProg == 0 {
   212  		cgoCheckBits(src, typ.gcdata, off, size)
   213  		return
   214  	}
   215  	switch typ.kind & kindMask {
   216  	default:
   217  		throw("can't happen")
   218  	case kindArray:
   219  		at := (*arraytype)(unsafe.Pointer(typ))
   220  		for i := uintptr(0); i < at.len; i++ {
   221  			if off < at.elem.size {
   222  				cgoCheckUsingType(at.elem, src, off, size)
   223  			}
   224  			src = add(src, at.elem.size)
   225  			skipped := off
   226  			if skipped > at.elem.size {
   227  				skipped = at.elem.size
   228  			}
   229  			checked := at.elem.size - skipped
   230  			off -= skipped
   231  			if size <= checked {
   232  				return
   233  			}
   234  			size -= checked
   235  		}
   236  	case kindStruct:
   237  		st := (*structtype)(unsafe.Pointer(typ))
   238  		for _, f := range st.fields {
   239  			if off < f.typ.size {
   240  				cgoCheckUsingType(f.typ, src, off, size)
   241  			}
   242  			src = add(src, f.typ.size)
   243  			skipped := off
   244  			if skipped > f.typ.size {
   245  				skipped = f.typ.size
   246  			}
   247  			checked := f.typ.size - skipped
   248  			off -= skipped
   249  			if size <= checked {
   250  				return
   251  			}
   252  			size -= checked
   253  		}
   254  	}
   255  }
   256  

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