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Source file src/net/textproto/textproto.go

Documentation: net/textproto

     1  // Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package textproto implements generic support for text-based request/response
     6  // protocols in the style of HTTP, NNTP, and SMTP.
     7  //
     8  // The package provides:
     9  //
    10  // Error, which represents a numeric error response from
    11  // a server.
    12  //
    13  // Pipeline, to manage pipelined requests and responses
    14  // in a client.
    15  //
    16  // Reader, to read numeric response code lines,
    17  // key: value headers, lines wrapped with leading spaces
    18  // on continuation lines, and whole text blocks ending
    19  // with a dot on a line by itself.
    20  //
    21  // Writer, to write dot-encoded text blocks.
    22  //
    23  // Conn, a convenient packaging of Reader, Writer, and Pipeline for use
    24  // with a single network connection.
    25  //
    26  package textproto
    27  
    28  import (
    29  	"bufio"
    30  	"fmt"
    31  	"io"
    32  	"net"
    33  )
    34  
    35  // An Error represents a numeric error response from a server.
    36  type Error struct {
    37  	Code int
    38  	Msg  string
    39  }
    40  
    41  func (e *Error) Error() string {
    42  	return fmt.Sprintf("%03d %s", e.Code, e.Msg)
    43  }
    44  
    45  // A ProtocolError describes a protocol violation such
    46  // as an invalid response or a hung-up connection.
    47  type ProtocolError string
    48  
    49  func (p ProtocolError) Error() string {
    50  	return string(p)
    51  }
    52  
    53  // A Conn represents a textual network protocol connection.
    54  // It consists of a Reader and Writer to manage I/O
    55  // and a Pipeline to sequence concurrent requests on the connection.
    56  // These embedded types carry methods with them;
    57  // see the documentation of those types for details.
    58  type Conn struct {
    59  	Reader
    60  	Writer
    61  	Pipeline
    62  	conn io.ReadWriteCloser
    63  }
    64  
    65  // NewConn returns a new Conn using conn for I/O.
    66  func NewConn(conn io.ReadWriteCloser) *Conn {
    67  	return &Conn{
    68  		Reader: Reader{R: bufio.NewReader(conn)},
    69  		Writer: Writer{W: bufio.NewWriter(conn)},
    70  		conn:   conn,
    71  	}
    72  }
    73  
    74  // Close closes the connection.
    75  func (c *Conn) Close() error {
    76  	return c.conn.Close()
    77  }
    78  
    79  // Dial connects to the given address on the given network using net.Dial
    80  // and then returns a new Conn for the connection.
    81  func Dial(network, addr string) (*Conn, error) {
    82  	c, err := net.Dial(network, addr)
    83  	if err != nil {
    84  		return nil, err
    85  	}
    86  	return NewConn(c), nil
    87  }
    88  
    89  // Cmd is a convenience method that sends a command after
    90  // waiting its turn in the pipeline. The command text is the
    91  // result of formatting format with args and appending \r\n.
    92  // Cmd returns the id of the command, for use with StartResponse and EndResponse.
    93  //
    94  // For example, a client might run a HELP command that returns a dot-body
    95  // by using:
    96  //
    97  //	id, err := c.Cmd("HELP")
    98  //	if err != nil {
    99  //		return nil, err
   100  //	}
   101  //
   102  //	c.StartResponse(id)
   103  //	defer c.EndResponse(id)
   104  //
   105  //	if _, _, err = c.ReadCodeLine(110); err != nil {
   106  //		return nil, err
   107  //	}
   108  //	text, err := c.ReadDotBytes()
   109  //	if err != nil {
   110  //		return nil, err
   111  //	}
   112  //	return c.ReadCodeLine(250)
   113  //
   114  func (c *Conn) Cmd(format string, args ...interface{}) (id uint, err error) {
   115  	id = c.Next()
   116  	c.StartRequest(id)
   117  	err = c.PrintfLine(format, args...)
   118  	c.EndRequest(id)
   119  	if err != nil {
   120  		return 0, err
   121  	}
   122  	return id, nil
   123  }
   124  
   125  // TrimString returns s without leading and trailing ASCII space.
   126  func TrimString(s string) string {
   127  	for len(s) > 0 && isASCIISpace(s[0]) {
   128  		s = s[1:]
   129  	}
   130  	for len(s) > 0 && isASCIISpace(s[len(s)-1]) {
   131  		s = s[:len(s)-1]
   132  	}
   133  	return s
   134  }
   135  
   136  // TrimBytes returns b without leading and trailing ASCII space.
   137  func TrimBytes(b []byte) []byte {
   138  	for len(b) > 0 && isASCIISpace(b[0]) {
   139  		b = b[1:]
   140  	}
   141  	for len(b) > 0 && isASCIISpace(b[len(b)-1]) {
   142  		b = b[:len(b)-1]
   143  	}
   144  	return b
   145  }
   146  
   147  func isASCIISpace(b byte) bool {
   148  	return b == ' ' || b == '\t' || b == '\n' || b == '\r'
   149  }
   150  
   151  func isASCIILetter(b byte) bool {
   152  	b |= 0x20 // make lower case
   153  	return 'a' <= b && b <= 'z'
   154  }
   155  

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