...
Run Format

Source file src/net/http/pprof/pprof.go

Documentation: net/http/pprof

     1  // Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package pprof serves via its HTTP server runtime profiling data
     6  // in the format expected by the pprof visualization tool.
     7  //
     8  // The package is typically only imported for the side effect of
     9  // registering its HTTP handlers.
    10  // The handled paths all begin with /debug/pprof/.
    11  //
    12  // To use pprof, link this package into your program:
    13  //	import _ "net/http/pprof"
    14  //
    15  // If your application is not already running an http server, you
    16  // need to start one. Add "net/http" and "log" to your imports and
    17  // the following code to your main function:
    18  //
    19  // 	go func() {
    20  // 		log.Println(http.ListenAndServe("localhost:6060", nil))
    21  // 	}()
    22  //
    23  // Then use the pprof tool to look at the heap profile:
    24  //
    25  //	go tool pprof http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/heap
    26  //
    27  // Or to look at a 30-second CPU profile:
    28  //
    29  //	go tool pprof http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/profile?seconds=30
    30  //
    31  // Or to look at the goroutine blocking profile, after calling
    32  // runtime.SetBlockProfileRate in your program:
    33  //
    34  //	go tool pprof http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/block
    35  //
    36  // Or to collect a 5-second execution trace:
    37  //
    38  //	wget http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/trace?seconds=5
    39  //
    40  // Or to look at the holders of contended mutexes, after calling
    41  // runtime.SetMutexProfileFraction in your program:
    42  //
    43  //	go tool pprof http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/mutex
    44  //
    45  // To view all available profiles, open http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof/
    46  // in your browser.
    47  //
    48  // For a study of the facility in action, visit
    49  //
    50  //	https://blog.golang.org/2011/06/profiling-go-programs.html
    51  //
    52  package pprof
    53  
    54  import (
    55  	"bufio"
    56  	"bytes"
    57  	"fmt"
    58  	"html/template"
    59  	"io"
    60  	"log"
    61  	"net/http"
    62  	"os"
    63  	"runtime"
    64  	"runtime/pprof"
    65  	"runtime/trace"
    66  	"sort"
    67  	"strconv"
    68  	"strings"
    69  	"time"
    70  )
    71  
    72  func init() {
    73  	http.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/", Index)
    74  	http.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/cmdline", Cmdline)
    75  	http.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/profile", Profile)
    76  	http.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/symbol", Symbol)
    77  	http.HandleFunc("/debug/pprof/trace", Trace)
    78  }
    79  
    80  // Cmdline responds with the running program's
    81  // command line, with arguments separated by NUL bytes.
    82  // The package initialization registers it as /debug/pprof/cmdline.
    83  func Cmdline(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    84  	w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
    85  	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=utf-8")
    86  	fmt.Fprintf(w, strings.Join(os.Args, "\x00"))
    87  }
    88  
    89  func sleep(w http.ResponseWriter, d time.Duration) {
    90  	var clientGone <-chan bool
    91  	if cn, ok := w.(http.CloseNotifier); ok {
    92  		clientGone = cn.CloseNotify()
    93  	}
    94  	select {
    95  	case <-time.After(d):
    96  	case <-clientGone:
    97  	}
    98  }
    99  
   100  func durationExceedsWriteTimeout(r *http.Request, seconds float64) bool {
   101  	srv, ok := r.Context().Value(http.ServerContextKey).(*http.Server)
   102  	return ok && srv.WriteTimeout != 0 && seconds >= srv.WriteTimeout.Seconds()
   103  }
   104  
   105  func serveError(w http.ResponseWriter, status int, txt string) {
   106  	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=utf-8")
   107  	w.Header().Set("X-Go-Pprof", "1")
   108  	w.Header().Del("Content-Disposition")
   109  	w.WriteHeader(status)
   110  	fmt.Fprintln(w, txt)
   111  }
   112  
   113  // Profile responds with the pprof-formatted cpu profile.
   114  // Profiling lasts for duration specified in seconds GET parameter, or for 30 seconds if not specified.
   115  // The package initialization registers it as /debug/pprof/profile.
   116  func Profile(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
   117  	w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
   118  	sec, err := strconv.ParseInt(r.FormValue("seconds"), 10, 64)
   119  	if sec <= 0 || err != nil {
   120  		sec = 30
   121  	}
   122  
   123  	if durationExceedsWriteTimeout(r, float64(sec)) {
   124  		serveError(w, http.StatusBadRequest, "profile duration exceeds server's WriteTimeout")
   125  		return
   126  	}
   127  
   128  	// Set Content Type assuming StartCPUProfile will work,
   129  	// because if it does it starts writing.
   130  	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/octet-stream")
   131  	w.Header().Set("Content-Disposition", `attachment; filename="profile"`)
   132  	if err := pprof.StartCPUProfile(w); err != nil {
   133  		// StartCPUProfile failed, so no writes yet.
   134  		serveError(w, http.StatusInternalServerError,
   135  			fmt.Sprintf("Could not enable CPU profiling: %s", err))
   136  		return
   137  	}
   138  	sleep(w, time.Duration(sec)*time.Second)
   139  	pprof.StopCPUProfile()
   140  }
   141  
   142  // Trace responds with the execution trace in binary form.
   143  // Tracing lasts for duration specified in seconds GET parameter, or for 1 second if not specified.
   144  // The package initialization registers it as /debug/pprof/trace.
   145  func Trace(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
   146  	w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
   147  	sec, err := strconv.ParseFloat(r.FormValue("seconds"), 64)
   148  	if sec <= 0 || err != nil {
   149  		sec = 1
   150  	}
   151  
   152  	if durationExceedsWriteTimeout(r, sec) {
   153  		serveError(w, http.StatusBadRequest, "profile duration exceeds server's WriteTimeout")
   154  		return
   155  	}
   156  
   157  	// Set Content Type assuming trace.Start will work,
   158  	// because if it does it starts writing.
   159  	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/octet-stream")
   160  	w.Header().Set("Content-Disposition", `attachment; filename="trace"`)
   161  	if err := trace.Start(w); err != nil {
   162  		// trace.Start failed, so no writes yet.
   163  		serveError(w, http.StatusInternalServerError,
   164  			fmt.Sprintf("Could not enable tracing: %s", err))
   165  		return
   166  	}
   167  	sleep(w, time.Duration(sec*float64(time.Second)))
   168  	trace.Stop()
   169  }
   170  
   171  // Symbol looks up the program counters listed in the request,
   172  // responding with a table mapping program counters to function names.
   173  // The package initialization registers it as /debug/pprof/symbol.
   174  func Symbol(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
   175  	w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
   176  	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=utf-8")
   177  
   178  	// We have to read the whole POST body before
   179  	// writing any output. Buffer the output here.
   180  	var buf bytes.Buffer
   181  
   182  	// We don't know how many symbols we have, but we
   183  	// do have symbol information. Pprof only cares whether
   184  	// this number is 0 (no symbols available) or > 0.
   185  	fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "num_symbols: 1\n")
   186  
   187  	var b *bufio.Reader
   188  	if r.Method == "POST" {
   189  		b = bufio.NewReader(r.Body)
   190  	} else {
   191  		b = bufio.NewReader(strings.NewReader(r.URL.RawQuery))
   192  	}
   193  
   194  	for {
   195  		word, err := b.ReadSlice('+')
   196  		if err == nil {
   197  			word = word[0 : len(word)-1] // trim +
   198  		}
   199  		pc, _ := strconv.ParseUint(string(word), 0, 64)
   200  		if pc != 0 {
   201  			f := runtime.FuncForPC(uintptr(pc))
   202  			if f != nil {
   203  				fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "%#x %s\n", pc, f.Name())
   204  			}
   205  		}
   206  
   207  		// Wait until here to check for err; the last
   208  		// symbol will have an err because it doesn't end in +.
   209  		if err != nil {
   210  			if err != io.EOF {
   211  				fmt.Fprintf(&buf, "reading request: %v\n", err)
   212  			}
   213  			break
   214  		}
   215  	}
   216  
   217  	w.Write(buf.Bytes())
   218  }
   219  
   220  // Handler returns an HTTP handler that serves the named profile.
   221  func Handler(name string) http.Handler {
   222  	return handler(name)
   223  }
   224  
   225  type handler string
   226  
   227  func (name handler) ServeHTTP(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
   228  	w.Header().Set("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff")
   229  	p := pprof.Lookup(string(name))
   230  	if p == nil {
   231  		serveError(w, http.StatusNotFound, "Unknown profile")
   232  		return
   233  	}
   234  	gc, _ := strconv.Atoi(r.FormValue("gc"))
   235  	if name == "heap" && gc > 0 {
   236  		runtime.GC()
   237  	}
   238  	debug, _ := strconv.Atoi(r.FormValue("debug"))
   239  	if debug != 0 {
   240  		w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain; charset=utf-8")
   241  	} else {
   242  		w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/octet-stream")
   243  		w.Header().Set("Content-Disposition", fmt.Sprintf(`attachment; filename="%s"`, name))
   244  	}
   245  	p.WriteTo(w, debug)
   246  }
   247  
   248  var profileDescriptions = map[string]string{
   249  	"allocs":       "A sampling of all past memory allocations",
   250  	"block":        "Stack traces that led to blocking on synchronization primitives",
   251  	"cmdline":      "The command line invocation of the current program",
   252  	"goroutine":    "Stack traces of all current goroutines",
   253  	"heap":         "A sampling of memory allocations of live objects. You can specify the gc GET parameter to run GC before taking the heap sample.",
   254  	"mutex":        "Stack traces of holders of contended mutexes",
   255  	"profile":      "CPU profile. You can specify the duration in the seconds GET parameter. After you get the profile file, use the go tool pprof command to investigate the profile.",
   256  	"threadcreate": "Stack traces that led to the creation of new OS threads",
   257  	"trace":        "A trace of execution of the current program. You can specify the duration in the seconds GET parameter. After you get the trace file, use the go tool trace command to investigate the trace.",
   258  }
   259  
   260  // Index responds with the pprof-formatted profile named by the request.
   261  // For example, "/debug/pprof/heap" serves the "heap" profile.
   262  // Index responds to a request for "/debug/pprof/" with an HTML page
   263  // listing the available profiles.
   264  func Index(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
   265  	if strings.HasPrefix(r.URL.Path, "/debug/pprof/") {
   266  		name := strings.TrimPrefix(r.URL.Path, "/debug/pprof/")
   267  		if name != "" {
   268  			handler(name).ServeHTTP(w, r)
   269  			return
   270  		}
   271  	}
   272  
   273  	type profile struct {
   274  		Name  string
   275  		Href  string
   276  		Desc  string
   277  		Count int
   278  	}
   279  	var profiles []profile
   280  	for _, p := range pprof.Profiles() {
   281  		profiles = append(profiles, profile{
   282  			Name:  p.Name(),
   283  			Href:  p.Name() + "?debug=1",
   284  			Desc:  profileDescriptions[p.Name()],
   285  			Count: p.Count(),
   286  		})
   287  	}
   288  
   289  	// Adding other profiles exposed from within this package
   290  	for _, p := range []string{"cmdline", "profile", "trace"} {
   291  		profiles = append(profiles, profile{
   292  			Name: p,
   293  			Href: p,
   294  			Desc: profileDescriptions[p],
   295  		})
   296  	}
   297  
   298  	sort.Slice(profiles, func(i, j int) bool {
   299  		return profiles[i].Name < profiles[j].Name
   300  	})
   301  
   302  	if err := indexTmpl.Execute(w, profiles); err != nil {
   303  		log.Print(err)
   304  	}
   305  }
   306  
   307  var indexTmpl = template.Must(template.New("index").Parse(`<html>
   308  <head>
   309  <title>/debug/pprof/</title>
   310  <style>
   311  .profile-name{
   312  	display:inline-block;
   313  	width:6rem;
   314  }
   315  </style>
   316  </head>
   317  <body>
   318  /debug/pprof/<br>
   319  <br>
   320  Types of profiles available:
   321  <table>
   322  <thead><td>Count</td><td>Profile</td></thead>
   323  {{range .}}
   324  	<tr>
   325  	<td>{{.Count}}</td><td><a href={{.Href}}>{{.Name}}</a></td>
   326  	</tr>
   327  {{end}}
   328  </table>
   329  <a href="goroutine?debug=2">full goroutine stack dump</a>
   330  <br/>
   331  <p>
   332  Profile Descriptions:
   333  <ul>
   334  {{range .}}
   335  <li><div class=profile-name>{{.Name}}:</div> {{.Desc}}</li>
   336  {{end}}
   337  </ul>
   338  </p>
   339  </body>
   340  </html>
   341  `))
   342  

View as plain text