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Source file src/net/http/http.go

Documentation: net/http

  // Copyright 2016 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
  package http
  import (
  // maxInt64 is the effective "infinite" value for the Server and
  // Transport's byte-limiting readers.
  const maxInt64 = 1<<63 - 1
  // aLongTimeAgo is a non-zero time, far in the past, used for
  // immediate cancelation of network operations.
  var aLongTimeAgo = time.Unix(1, 0)
  // TODO(bradfitz): move common stuff here. The other files have accumulated
  // generic http stuff in random places.
  // contextKey is a value for use with context.WithValue. It's used as
  // a pointer so it fits in an interface{} without allocation.
  type contextKey struct {
  	name string
  func (k *contextKey) String() string { return "net/http context value " + k.name }
  // Given a string of the form "host", "host:port", or "[ipv6::address]:port",
  // return true if the string includes a port.
  func hasPort(s string) bool { return strings.LastIndex(s, ":") > strings.LastIndex(s, "]") }
  // removeEmptyPort strips the empty port in ":port" to ""
  // as mandated by RFC 3986 Section 6.2.3.
  func removeEmptyPort(host string) string {
  	if hasPort(host) {
  		return strings.TrimSuffix(host, ":")
  	return host
  func isNotToken(r rune) bool {
  	return !httpguts.IsTokenRune(r)
  func isASCII(s string) bool {
  	for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
  		if s[i] >= utf8.RuneSelf {
  			return false
  	return true
  func hexEscapeNonASCII(s string) string {
  	newLen := 0
  	for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
  		if s[i] >= utf8.RuneSelf {
  			newLen += 3
  		} else {
  	if newLen == len(s) {
  		return s
  	b := make([]byte, 0, newLen)
  	for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
  		if s[i] >= utf8.RuneSelf {
  			b = append(b, '%')
  			b = strconv.AppendInt(b, int64(s[i]), 16)
  		} else {
  			b = append(b, s[i])
  	return string(b)
  // NoBody is an io.ReadCloser with no bytes. Read always returns EOF
  // and Close always returns nil. It can be used in an outgoing client
  // request to explicitly signal that a request has zero bytes.
  // An alternative, however, is to simply set Request.Body to nil.
  var NoBody = noBody{}
  type noBody struct{}
  func (noBody) Read([]byte) (int, error)         { return 0, io.EOF }
  func (noBody) Close() error                     { return nil }
  func (noBody) WriteTo(io.Writer) (int64, error) { return 0, nil }
  var (
  	// verify that an io.Copy from NoBody won't require a buffer:
  	_ io.WriterTo   = NoBody
  	_ io.ReadCloser = NoBody
  // PushOptions describes options for Pusher.Push.
  type PushOptions struct {
  	// Method specifies the HTTP method for the promised request.
  	// If set, it must be "GET" or "HEAD". Empty means "GET".
  	Method string
  	// Header specifies additional promised request headers. This cannot
  	// include HTTP/2 pseudo header fields like ":path" and ":scheme",
  	// which will be added automatically.
  	Header Header
  // Pusher is the interface implemented by ResponseWriters that support
  // HTTP/2 server push. For more background, see
  // https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7540#section-8.2.
  type Pusher interface {
  	// Push initiates an HTTP/2 server push. This constructs a synthetic
  	// request using the given target and options, serializes that request
  	// into a PUSH_PROMISE frame, then dispatches that request using the
  	// server's request handler. If opts is nil, default options are used.
  	// The target must either be an absolute path (like "/path") or an absolute
  	// URL that contains a valid host and the same scheme as the parent request.
  	// If the target is a path, it will inherit the scheme and host of the
  	// parent request.
  	// The HTTP/2 spec disallows recursive pushes and cross-authority pushes.
  	// Push may or may not detect these invalid pushes; however, invalid
  	// pushes will be detected and canceled by conforming clients.
  	// Handlers that wish to push URL X should call Push before sending any
  	// data that may trigger a request for URL X. This avoids a race where the
  	// client issues requests for X before receiving the PUSH_PROMISE for X.
  	// Push returns ErrNotSupported if the client has disabled push or if push
  	// is not supported on the underlying connection.
  	Push(target string, opts *PushOptions) error

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