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Source file src/net/http/cookie.go

Documentation: net/http

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package http
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"bytes"
     9  	"log"
    10  	"net"
    11  	"strconv"
    12  	"strings"
    13  	"time"
    14  )
    15  
    16  // A Cookie represents an HTTP cookie as sent in the Set-Cookie header of an
    17  // HTTP response or the Cookie header of an HTTP request.
    18  //
    19  // See http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265 for details.
    20  type Cookie struct {
    21  	Name  string
    22  	Value string
    23  
    24  	Path       string    // optional
    25  	Domain     string    // optional
    26  	Expires    time.Time // optional
    27  	RawExpires string    // for reading cookies only
    28  
    29  	// MaxAge=0 means no 'Max-Age' attribute specified.
    30  	// MaxAge<0 means delete cookie now, equivalently 'Max-Age: 0'
    31  	// MaxAge>0 means Max-Age attribute present and given in seconds
    32  	MaxAge   int
    33  	Secure   bool
    34  	HttpOnly bool
    35  	Raw      string
    36  	Unparsed []string // Raw text of unparsed attribute-value pairs
    37  }
    38  
    39  // readSetCookies parses all "Set-Cookie" values from
    40  // the header h and returns the successfully parsed Cookies.
    41  func readSetCookies(h Header) []*Cookie {
    42  	cookieCount := len(h["Set-Cookie"])
    43  	if cookieCount == 0 {
    44  		return []*Cookie{}
    45  	}
    46  	cookies := make([]*Cookie, 0, cookieCount)
    47  	for _, line := range h["Set-Cookie"] {
    48  		parts := strings.Split(strings.TrimSpace(line), ";")
    49  		if len(parts) == 1 && parts[0] == "" {
    50  			continue
    51  		}
    52  		parts[0] = strings.TrimSpace(parts[0])
    53  		j := strings.Index(parts[0], "=")
    54  		if j < 0 {
    55  			continue
    56  		}
    57  		name, value := parts[0][:j], parts[0][j+1:]
    58  		if !isCookieNameValid(name) {
    59  			continue
    60  		}
    61  		value, ok := parseCookieValue(value, true)
    62  		if !ok {
    63  			continue
    64  		}
    65  		c := &Cookie{
    66  			Name:  name,
    67  			Value: value,
    68  			Raw:   line,
    69  		}
    70  		for i := 1; i < len(parts); i++ {
    71  			parts[i] = strings.TrimSpace(parts[i])
    72  			if len(parts[i]) == 0 {
    73  				continue
    74  			}
    75  
    76  			attr, val := parts[i], ""
    77  			if j := strings.Index(attr, "="); j >= 0 {
    78  				attr, val = attr[:j], attr[j+1:]
    79  			}
    80  			lowerAttr := strings.ToLower(attr)
    81  			val, ok = parseCookieValue(val, false)
    82  			if !ok {
    83  				c.Unparsed = append(c.Unparsed, parts[i])
    84  				continue
    85  			}
    86  			switch lowerAttr {
    87  			case "secure":
    88  				c.Secure = true
    89  				continue
    90  			case "httponly":
    91  				c.HttpOnly = true
    92  				continue
    93  			case "domain":
    94  				c.Domain = val
    95  				continue
    96  			case "max-age":
    97  				secs, err := strconv.Atoi(val)
    98  				if err != nil || secs != 0 && val[0] == '0' {
    99  					break
   100  				}
   101  				if secs <= 0 {
   102  					secs = -1
   103  				}
   104  				c.MaxAge = secs
   105  				continue
   106  			case "expires":
   107  				c.RawExpires = val
   108  				exptime, err := time.Parse(time.RFC1123, val)
   109  				if err != nil {
   110  					exptime, err = time.Parse("Mon, 02-Jan-2006 15:04:05 MST", val)
   111  					if err != nil {
   112  						c.Expires = time.Time{}
   113  						break
   114  					}
   115  				}
   116  				c.Expires = exptime.UTC()
   117  				continue
   118  			case "path":
   119  				c.Path = val
   120  				continue
   121  			}
   122  			c.Unparsed = append(c.Unparsed, parts[i])
   123  		}
   124  		cookies = append(cookies, c)
   125  	}
   126  	return cookies
   127  }
   128  
   129  // SetCookie adds a Set-Cookie header to the provided ResponseWriter's headers.
   130  // The provided cookie must have a valid Name. Invalid cookies may be
   131  // silently dropped.
   132  func SetCookie(w ResponseWriter, cookie *Cookie) {
   133  	if v := cookie.String(); v != "" {
   134  		w.Header().Add("Set-Cookie", v)
   135  	}
   136  }
   137  
   138  // String returns the serialization of the cookie for use in a Cookie
   139  // header (if only Name and Value are set) or a Set-Cookie response
   140  // header (if other fields are set).
   141  // If c is nil or c.Name is invalid, the empty string is returned.
   142  func (c *Cookie) String() string {
   143  	if c == nil || !isCookieNameValid(c.Name) {
   144  		return ""
   145  	}
   146  	var b bytes.Buffer
   147  	b.WriteString(sanitizeCookieName(c.Name))
   148  	b.WriteRune('=')
   149  	b.WriteString(sanitizeCookieValue(c.Value))
   150  
   151  	if len(c.Path) > 0 {
   152  		b.WriteString("; Path=")
   153  		b.WriteString(sanitizeCookiePath(c.Path))
   154  	}
   155  	if len(c.Domain) > 0 {
   156  		if validCookieDomain(c.Domain) {
   157  			// A c.Domain containing illegal characters is not
   158  			// sanitized but simply dropped which turns the cookie
   159  			// into a host-only cookie. A leading dot is okay
   160  			// but won't be sent.
   161  			d := c.Domain
   162  			if d[0] == '.' {
   163  				d = d[1:]
   164  			}
   165  			b.WriteString("; Domain=")
   166  			b.WriteString(d)
   167  		} else {
   168  			log.Printf("net/http: invalid Cookie.Domain %q; dropping domain attribute", c.Domain)
   169  		}
   170  	}
   171  	if validCookieExpires(c.Expires) {
   172  		b.WriteString("; Expires=")
   173  		b2 := b.Bytes()
   174  		b.Reset()
   175  		b.Write(c.Expires.UTC().AppendFormat(b2, TimeFormat))
   176  	}
   177  	if c.MaxAge > 0 {
   178  		b.WriteString("; Max-Age=")
   179  		b2 := b.Bytes()
   180  		b.Reset()
   181  		b.Write(strconv.AppendInt(b2, int64(c.MaxAge), 10))
   182  	} else if c.MaxAge < 0 {
   183  		b.WriteString("; Max-Age=0")
   184  	}
   185  	if c.HttpOnly {
   186  		b.WriteString("; HttpOnly")
   187  	}
   188  	if c.Secure {
   189  		b.WriteString("; Secure")
   190  	}
   191  	return b.String()
   192  }
   193  
   194  // readCookies parses all "Cookie" values from the header h and
   195  // returns the successfully parsed Cookies.
   196  //
   197  // if filter isn't empty, only cookies of that name are returned
   198  func readCookies(h Header, filter string) []*Cookie {
   199  	lines, ok := h["Cookie"]
   200  	if !ok {
   201  		return []*Cookie{}
   202  	}
   203  
   204  	cookies := []*Cookie{}
   205  	for _, line := range lines {
   206  		parts := strings.Split(strings.TrimSpace(line), ";")
   207  		if len(parts) == 1 && parts[0] == "" {
   208  			continue
   209  		}
   210  		// Per-line attributes
   211  		for i := 0; i < len(parts); i++ {
   212  			parts[i] = strings.TrimSpace(parts[i])
   213  			if len(parts[i]) == 0 {
   214  				continue
   215  			}
   216  			name, val := parts[i], ""
   217  			if j := strings.Index(name, "="); j >= 0 {
   218  				name, val = name[:j], name[j+1:]
   219  			}
   220  			if !isCookieNameValid(name) {
   221  				continue
   222  			}
   223  			if filter != "" && filter != name {
   224  				continue
   225  			}
   226  			val, ok := parseCookieValue(val, true)
   227  			if !ok {
   228  				continue
   229  			}
   230  			cookies = append(cookies, &Cookie{Name: name, Value: val})
   231  		}
   232  	}
   233  	return cookies
   234  }
   235  
   236  // validCookieDomain returns whether v is a valid cookie domain-value.
   237  func validCookieDomain(v string) bool {
   238  	if isCookieDomainName(v) {
   239  		return true
   240  	}
   241  	if net.ParseIP(v) != nil && !strings.Contains(v, ":") {
   242  		return true
   243  	}
   244  	return false
   245  }
   246  
   247  // validCookieExpires returns whether v is a valid cookie expires-value.
   248  func validCookieExpires(t time.Time) bool {
   249  	// IETF RFC 6265 Section 5.1.1.5, the year must not be less than 1601
   250  	return t.Year() >= 1601
   251  }
   252  
   253  // isCookieDomainName returns whether s is a valid domain name or a valid
   254  // domain name with a leading dot '.'.  It is almost a direct copy of
   255  // package net's isDomainName.
   256  func isCookieDomainName(s string) bool {
   257  	if len(s) == 0 {
   258  		return false
   259  	}
   260  	if len(s) > 255 {
   261  		return false
   262  	}
   263  
   264  	if s[0] == '.' {
   265  		// A cookie a domain attribute may start with a leading dot.
   266  		s = s[1:]
   267  	}
   268  	last := byte('.')
   269  	ok := false // Ok once we've seen a letter.
   270  	partlen := 0
   271  	for i := 0; i < len(s); i++ {
   272  		c := s[i]
   273  		switch {
   274  		default:
   275  			return false
   276  		case 'a' <= c && c <= 'z' || 'A' <= c && c <= 'Z':
   277  			// No '_' allowed here (in contrast to package net).
   278  			ok = true
   279  			partlen++
   280  		case '0' <= c && c <= '9':
   281  			// fine
   282  			partlen++
   283  		case c == '-':
   284  			// Byte before dash cannot be dot.
   285  			if last == '.' {
   286  				return false
   287  			}
   288  			partlen++
   289  		case c == '.':
   290  			// Byte before dot cannot be dot, dash.
   291  			if last == '.' || last == '-' {
   292  				return false
   293  			}
   294  			if partlen > 63 || partlen == 0 {
   295  				return false
   296  			}
   297  			partlen = 0
   298  		}
   299  		last = c
   300  	}
   301  	if last == '-' || partlen > 63 {
   302  		return false
   303  	}
   304  
   305  	return ok
   306  }
   307  
   308  var cookieNameSanitizer = strings.NewReplacer("\n", "-", "\r", "-")
   309  
   310  func sanitizeCookieName(n string) string {
   311  	return cookieNameSanitizer.Replace(n)
   312  }
   313  
   314  // http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6265#section-4.1.1
   315  // cookie-value      = *cookie-octet / ( DQUOTE *cookie-octet DQUOTE )
   316  // cookie-octet      = %x21 / %x23-2B / %x2D-3A / %x3C-5B / %x5D-7E
   317  //           ; US-ASCII characters excluding CTLs,
   318  //           ; whitespace DQUOTE, comma, semicolon,
   319  //           ; and backslash
   320  // We loosen this as spaces and commas are common in cookie values
   321  // but we produce a quoted cookie-value in when value starts or ends
   322  // with a comma or space.
   323  // See https://golang.org/issue/7243 for the discussion.
   324  func sanitizeCookieValue(v string) string {
   325  	v = sanitizeOrWarn("Cookie.Value", validCookieValueByte, v)
   326  	if len(v) == 0 {
   327  		return v
   328  	}
   329  	if strings.IndexByte(v, ' ') >= 0 || strings.IndexByte(v, ',') >= 0 {
   330  		return `"` + v + `"`
   331  	}
   332  	return v
   333  }
   334  
   335  func validCookieValueByte(b byte) bool {
   336  	return 0x20 <= b && b < 0x7f && b != '"' && b != ';' && b != '\\'
   337  }
   338  
   339  // path-av           = "Path=" path-value
   340  // path-value        = <any CHAR except CTLs or ";">
   341  func sanitizeCookiePath(v string) string {
   342  	return sanitizeOrWarn("Cookie.Path", validCookiePathByte, v)
   343  }
   344  
   345  func validCookiePathByte(b byte) bool {
   346  	return 0x20 <= b && b < 0x7f && b != ';'
   347  }
   348  
   349  func sanitizeOrWarn(fieldName string, valid func(byte) bool, v string) string {
   350  	ok := true
   351  	for i := 0; i < len(v); i++ {
   352  		if valid(v[i]) {
   353  			continue
   354  		}
   355  		log.Printf("net/http: invalid byte %q in %s; dropping invalid bytes", v[i], fieldName)
   356  		ok = false
   357  		break
   358  	}
   359  	if ok {
   360  		return v
   361  	}
   362  	buf := make([]byte, 0, len(v))
   363  	for i := 0; i < len(v); i++ {
   364  		if b := v[i]; valid(b) {
   365  			buf = append(buf, b)
   366  		}
   367  	}
   368  	return string(buf)
   369  }
   370  
   371  func parseCookieValue(raw string, allowDoubleQuote bool) (string, bool) {
   372  	// Strip the quotes, if present.
   373  	if allowDoubleQuote && len(raw) > 1 && raw[0] == '"' && raw[len(raw)-1] == '"' {
   374  		raw = raw[1 : len(raw)-1]
   375  	}
   376  	for i := 0; i < len(raw); i++ {
   377  		if !validCookieValueByte(raw[i]) {
   378  			return "", false
   379  		}
   380  	}
   381  	return raw, true
   382  }
   383  
   384  func isCookieNameValid(raw string) bool {
   385  	if raw == "" {
   386  		return false
   387  	}
   388  	return strings.IndexFunc(raw, isNotToken) < 0
   389  }
   390  

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