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Source file src/math/bits/bits_test.go

Documentation: math/bits

  // Copyright 2017 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
  
  package bits
  
  import (
  	"testing"
  	"unsafe"
  )
  
  func TestUintSize(t *testing.T) {
  	var x uint
  	if want := unsafe.Sizeof(x) * 8; UintSize != want {
  		t.Fatalf("UintSize = %d; want %d", UintSize, want)
  	}
  }
  
  func TestLeadingZeros(t *testing.T) {
  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
  		nlz := tab[i].nlz
  		for k := 0; k < 64-8; k++ {
  			x := uint64(i) << uint(k)
  			if x <= 1<<8-1 {
  				got := LeadingZeros8(uint8(x))
  				want := nlz - k + (8 - 8)
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 8
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros8(%#02x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<16-1 {
  				got := LeadingZeros16(uint16(x))
  				want := nlz - k + (16 - 8)
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 16
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros16(%#04x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<32-1 {
  				got := LeadingZeros32(uint32(x))
  				want := nlz - k + (32 - 8)
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 32
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros32(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 32 {
  					got = LeadingZeros(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<64-1 {
  				got := LeadingZeros64(uint64(x))
  				want := nlz - k + (64 - 8)
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 64
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros64(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 64 {
  					got = LeadingZeros(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("LeadingZeros(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  // Exported (global) variable serving as input for some
  // of the benchmarks to ensure side-effect free calls
  // are not optimized away.
  var Input uint64 = deBruijn64
  
  // Exported (global) variable to store function results
  // during benchmarking to ensure side-effect free calls
  // are not optimized away.
  var Output int
  
  func BenchmarkLeadingZeros(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += LeadingZeros(uint(Input) >> (uint(i) % UintSize))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkLeadingZeros8(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += LeadingZeros8(uint8(Input) >> (uint(i) % 8))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkLeadingZeros16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += LeadingZeros16(uint16(Input) >> (uint(i) % 16))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkLeadingZeros32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += LeadingZeros32(uint32(Input) >> (uint(i) % 32))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkLeadingZeros64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += LeadingZeros64(uint64(Input) >> (uint(i) % 64))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func TestTrailingZeros(t *testing.T) {
  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
  		ntz := tab[i].ntz
  		for k := 0; k < 64-8; k++ {
  			x := uint64(i) << uint(k)
  			want := ntz + k
  			if x <= 1<<8-1 {
  				got := TrailingZeros8(uint8(x))
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 8
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros8(%#02x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<16-1 {
  				got := TrailingZeros16(uint16(x))
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 16
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros16(%#04x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<32-1 {
  				got := TrailingZeros32(uint32(x))
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 32
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros32(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 32 {
  					got = TrailingZeros(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<64-1 {
  				got := TrailingZeros64(uint64(x))
  				if x == 0 {
  					want = 64
  				}
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros64(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 64 {
  					got = TrailingZeros(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("TrailingZeros(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func BenchmarkTrailingZeros(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += TrailingZeros(uint(Input) << (uint(i) % UintSize))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkTrailingZeros8(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += TrailingZeros8(uint8(Input) << (uint(i) % 8))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkTrailingZeros16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += TrailingZeros16(uint16(Input) << (uint(i) % 16))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkTrailingZeros32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += TrailingZeros32(uint32(Input) << (uint(i) % 32))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkTrailingZeros64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += TrailingZeros64(uint64(Input) << (uint(i) % 64))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func TestOnesCount(t *testing.T) {
  	var x uint64
  	for i := 0; i <= 64; i++ {
  		testOnesCount(t, x, i)
  		x = x<<1 | 1
  	}
  
  	for i := 64; i >= 0; i-- {
  		testOnesCount(t, x, i)
  		x = x << 1
  	}
  
  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
  		for k := 0; k < 64-8; k++ {
  			testOnesCount(t, uint64(i)<<uint(k), tab[i].pop)
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func testOnesCount(t *testing.T, x uint64, want int) {
  	if x <= 1<<8-1 {
  		got := OnesCount8(uint8(x))
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("OnesCount8(%#02x) == %d; want %d", uint8(x), got, want)
  		}
  	}
  
  	if x <= 1<<16-1 {
  		got := OnesCount16(uint16(x))
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("OnesCount16(%#04x) == %d; want %d", uint16(x), got, want)
  		}
  	}
  
  	if x <= 1<<32-1 {
  		got := OnesCount32(uint32(x))
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("OnesCount32(%#08x) == %d; want %d", uint32(x), got, want)
  		}
  		if UintSize == 32 {
  			got = OnesCount(uint(x))
  			if got != want {
  				t.Fatalf("OnesCount(%#08x) == %d; want %d", uint32(x), got, want)
  			}
  		}
  	}
  
  	if x <= 1<<64-1 {
  		got := OnesCount64(uint64(x))
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("OnesCount64(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  		}
  		if UintSize == 64 {
  			got = OnesCount(uint(x))
  			if got != want {
  				t.Fatalf("OnesCount(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  			}
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func BenchmarkOnesCount(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += OnesCount(uint(Input))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkOnesCount8(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += OnesCount8(uint8(Input))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkOnesCount16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += OnesCount16(uint16(Input))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkOnesCount32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += OnesCount32(uint32(Input))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func BenchmarkOnesCount64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s int
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += OnesCount64(uint64(Input))
  	}
  	Output = s
  }
  
  func TestRotateLeft(t *testing.T) {
  	var m uint64 = deBruijn64
  
  	for k := uint(0); k < 128; k++ {
  		x8 := uint8(m)
  		got8 := RotateLeft8(x8, int(k))
  		want8 := x8<<(k&0x7) | x8>>(8-k&0x7)
  		if got8 != want8 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft8(%#02x, %d) == %#02x; want %#02x", x8, k, got8, want8)
  		}
  		got8 = RotateLeft8(want8, -int(k))
  		if got8 != x8 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft8(%#02x, -%d) == %#02x; want %#02x", want8, k, got8, x8)
  		}
  
  		x16 := uint16(m)
  		got16 := RotateLeft16(x16, int(k))
  		want16 := x16<<(k&0xf) | x16>>(16-k&0xf)
  		if got16 != want16 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft16(%#04x, %d) == %#04x; want %#04x", x16, k, got16, want16)
  		}
  		got16 = RotateLeft16(want16, -int(k))
  		if got16 != x16 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft16(%#04x, -%d) == %#04x; want %#04x", want16, k, got16, x16)
  		}
  
  		x32 := uint32(m)
  		got32 := RotateLeft32(x32, int(k))
  		want32 := x32<<(k&0x1f) | x32>>(32-k&0x1f)
  		if got32 != want32 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft32(%#08x, %d) == %#08x; want %#08x", x32, k, got32, want32)
  		}
  		got32 = RotateLeft32(want32, -int(k))
  		if got32 != x32 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft32(%#08x, -%d) == %#08x; want %#08x", want32, k, got32, x32)
  		}
  		if UintSize == 32 {
  			x := uint(m)
  			got := RotateLeft(x, int(k))
  			want := x<<(k&0x1f) | x>>(32-k&0x1f)
  			if got != want {
  				t.Fatalf("RotateLeft(%#08x, %d) == %#08x; want %#08x", x, k, got, want)
  			}
  			got = RotateLeft(want, -int(k))
  			if got != x {
  				t.Fatalf("RotateLeft(%#08x, -%d) == %#08x; want %#08x", want, k, got, x)
  			}
  		}
  
  		x64 := uint64(m)
  		got64 := RotateLeft64(x64, int(k))
  		want64 := x64<<(k&0x3f) | x64>>(64-k&0x3f)
  		if got64 != want64 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft64(%#016x, %d) == %#016x; want %#016x", x64, k, got64, want64)
  		}
  		got64 = RotateLeft64(want64, -int(k))
  		if got64 != x64 {
  			t.Fatalf("RotateLeft64(%#016x, -%d) == %#016x; want %#016x", want64, k, got64, x64)
  		}
  		if UintSize == 64 {
  			x := uint(m)
  			got := RotateLeft(x, int(k))
  			want := x<<(k&0x3f) | x>>(64-k&0x3f)
  			if got != want {
  				t.Fatalf("RotateLeft(%#016x, %d) == %#016x; want %#016x", x, k, got, want)
  			}
  			got = RotateLeft(want, -int(k))
  			if got != x {
  				t.Fatalf("RotateLeft(%#08x, -%d) == %#08x; want %#08x", want, k, got, x)
  			}
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func BenchmarkRotateLeft(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += RotateLeft(uint(Input), i)
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkRotateLeft8(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint8
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += RotateLeft8(uint8(Input), i)
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkRotateLeft16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint16
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += RotateLeft16(uint16(Input), i)
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkRotateLeft32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint32
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += RotateLeft32(uint32(Input), i)
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkRotateLeft64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint64
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += RotateLeft64(uint64(Input), i)
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func TestReverse(t *testing.T) {
  	// test each bit
  	for i := uint(0); i < 64; i++ {
  		testReverse(t, uint64(1)<<i, uint64(1)<<(63-i))
  	}
  
  	// test a few patterns
  	for _, test := range []struct {
  		x, r uint64
  	}{
  		{0, 0},
  		{0x1, 0x8 << 60},
  		{0x2, 0x4 << 60},
  		{0x3, 0xc << 60},
  		{0x4, 0x2 << 60},
  		{0x5, 0xa << 60},
  		{0x6, 0x6 << 60},
  		{0x7, 0xe << 60},
  		{0x8, 0x1 << 60},
  		{0x9, 0x9 << 60},
  		{0xa, 0x5 << 60},
  		{0xb, 0xd << 60},
  		{0xc, 0x3 << 60},
  		{0xd, 0xb << 60},
  		{0xe, 0x7 << 60},
  		{0xf, 0xf << 60},
  		{0x5686487, 0xe12616a000000000},
  		{0x0123456789abcdef, 0xf7b3d591e6a2c480},
  	} {
  		testReverse(t, test.x, test.r)
  		testReverse(t, test.r, test.x)
  	}
  }
  
  func testReverse(t *testing.T, x64, want64 uint64) {
  	x8 := uint8(x64)
  	got8 := Reverse8(x8)
  	want8 := uint8(want64 >> (64 - 8))
  	if got8 != want8 {
  		t.Fatalf("Reverse8(%#02x) == %#02x; want %#02x", x8, got8, want8)
  	}
  
  	x16 := uint16(x64)
  	got16 := Reverse16(x16)
  	want16 := uint16(want64 >> (64 - 16))
  	if got16 != want16 {
  		t.Fatalf("Reverse16(%#04x) == %#04x; want %#04x", x16, got16, want16)
  	}
  
  	x32 := uint32(x64)
  	got32 := Reverse32(x32)
  	want32 := uint32(want64 >> (64 - 32))
  	if got32 != want32 {
  		t.Fatalf("Reverse32(%#08x) == %#08x; want %#08x", x32, got32, want32)
  	}
  	if UintSize == 32 {
  		x := uint(x32)
  		got := Reverse(x)
  		want := uint(want32)
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("Reverse(%#08x) == %#08x; want %#08x", x, got, want)
  		}
  	}
  
  	got64 := Reverse64(x64)
  	if got64 != want64 {
  		t.Fatalf("Reverse64(%#016x) == %#016x; want %#016x", x64, got64, want64)
  	}
  	if UintSize == 64 {
  		x := uint(x64)
  		got := Reverse(x)
  		want := uint(want64)
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("Reverse(%#08x) == %#016x; want %#016x", x, got, want)
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverse(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += Reverse(uint(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverse8(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint8
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += Reverse8(uint8(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverse16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint16
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += Reverse16(uint16(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverse32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint32
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += Reverse32(uint32(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverse64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint64
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += Reverse64(uint64(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func TestReverseBytes(t *testing.T) {
  	for _, test := range []struct {
  		x, r uint64
  	}{
  		{0, 0},
  		{0x01, 0x01 << 56},
  		{0x0123, 0x2301 << 48},
  		{0x012345, 0x452301 << 40},
  		{0x01234567, 0x67452301 << 32},
  		{0x0123456789, 0x8967452301 << 24},
  		{0x0123456789ab, 0xab8967452301 << 16},
  		{0x0123456789abcd, 0xcdab8967452301 << 8},
  		{0x0123456789abcdef, 0xefcdab8967452301 << 0},
  	} {
  		testReverseBytes(t, test.x, test.r)
  		testReverseBytes(t, test.r, test.x)
  	}
  }
  
  func testReverseBytes(t *testing.T, x64, want64 uint64) {
  	x16 := uint16(x64)
  	got16 := ReverseBytes16(x16)
  	want16 := uint16(want64 >> (64 - 16))
  	if got16 != want16 {
  		t.Fatalf("ReverseBytes16(%#04x) == %#04x; want %#04x", x16, got16, want16)
  	}
  
  	x32 := uint32(x64)
  	got32 := ReverseBytes32(x32)
  	want32 := uint32(want64 >> (64 - 32))
  	if got32 != want32 {
  		t.Fatalf("ReverseBytes32(%#08x) == %#08x; want %#08x", x32, got32, want32)
  	}
  	if UintSize == 32 {
  		x := uint(x32)
  		got := ReverseBytes(x)
  		want := uint(want32)
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("ReverseBytes(%#08x) == %#08x; want %#08x", x, got, want)
  		}
  	}
  
  	got64 := ReverseBytes64(x64)
  	if got64 != want64 {
  		t.Fatalf("ReverseBytes64(%#016x) == %#016x; want %#016x", x64, got64, want64)
  	}
  	if UintSize == 64 {
  		x := uint(x64)
  		got := ReverseBytes(x)
  		want := uint(want64)
  		if got != want {
  			t.Fatalf("ReverseBytes(%#016x) == %#016x; want %#016x", x, got, want)
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverseBytes(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += ReverseBytes(uint(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverseBytes16(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint16
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += ReverseBytes16(uint16(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverseBytes32(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint32
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += ReverseBytes32(uint32(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func BenchmarkReverseBytes64(b *testing.B) {
  	var s uint64
  	for i := 0; i < b.N; i++ {
  		s += ReverseBytes64(uint64(i))
  	}
  	Output = int(s)
  }
  
  func TestLen(t *testing.T) {
  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
  		len := 8 - tab[i].nlz
  		for k := 0; k < 64-8; k++ {
  			x := uint64(i) << uint(k)
  			want := 0
  			if x != 0 {
  				want = len + k
  			}
  			if x <= 1<<8-1 {
  				got := Len8(uint8(x))
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("Len8(%#02x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<16-1 {
  				got := Len16(uint16(x))
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("Len16(%#04x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<32-1 {
  				got := Len32(uint32(x))
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("Len32(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 32 {
  					got := Len(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("Len(%#08x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  
  			if x <= 1<<64-1 {
  				got := Len64(uint64(x))
  				if got != want {
  					t.Fatalf("Len64(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  				}
  				if UintSize == 64 {
  					got := Len(uint(x))
  					if got != want {
  						t.Fatalf("Len(%#016x) == %d; want %d", x, got, want)
  					}
  				}
  			}
  		}
  	}
  }
  
  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Testing support
  
  type entry = struct {
  	nlz, ntz, pop int
  }
  
  // tab contains results for all uint8 values
  var tab [256]entry
  
  func init() {
  	tab[0] = entry{8, 8, 0}
  	for i := 1; i < len(tab); i++ {
  		// nlz
  		x := i // x != 0
  		n := 0
  		for x&0x80 == 0 {
  			n++
  			x <<= 1
  		}
  		tab[i].nlz = n
  
  		// ntz
  		x = i // x != 0
  		n = 0
  		for x&1 == 0 {
  			n++
  			x >>= 1
  		}
  		tab[i].ntz = n
  
  		// pop
  		x = i // x != 0
  		n = 0
  		for x != 0 {
  			n += int(x & 1)
  			x >>= 1
  		}
  		tab[i].pop = n
  	}
  }
  

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