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Source file src/internal/x/net/route/route.go

Documentation: internal/x/net/route

     1  // Copyright 2016 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // +build darwin dragonfly freebsd netbsd openbsd
     6  
     7  // Package route provides basic functions for the manipulation of
     8  // packet routing facilities on BSD variants.
     9  //
    10  // The package supports any version of Darwin, any version of
    11  // DragonFly BSD, FreeBSD 7 through 11, NetBSD 6 and above, and
    12  // OpenBSD 5.6 and above.
    13  package route
    14  
    15  import (
    16  	"errors"
    17  	"os"
    18  	"syscall"
    19  )
    20  
    21  var (
    22  	errUnsupportedMessage = errors.New("unsupported message")
    23  	errMessageMismatch    = errors.New("message mismatch")
    24  	errMessageTooShort    = errors.New("message too short")
    25  	errInvalidMessage     = errors.New("invalid message")
    26  	errInvalidAddr        = errors.New("invalid address")
    27  	errShortBuffer        = errors.New("short buffer")
    28  )
    29  
    30  // A RouteMessage represents a message conveying an address prefix, a
    31  // nexthop address and an output interface.
    32  //
    33  // Unlike other messages, this message can be used to query adjacency
    34  // information for the given address prefix, to add a new route, and
    35  // to delete or modify the existing route from the routing information
    36  // base inside the kernel by writing and reading route messages on a
    37  // routing socket.
    38  //
    39  // For the manipulation of routing information, the route message must
    40  // contain appropriate fields that include:
    41  //
    42  //	Version       = <must be specified>
    43  //	Type          = <must be specified>
    44  //	Flags         = <must be specified>
    45  //	Index         = <must be specified if necessary>
    46  //	ID            = <must be specified>
    47  //	Seq           = <must be specified>
    48  //	Addrs         = <must be specified>
    49  //
    50  // The Type field specifies a type of manipulation, the Flags field
    51  // specifies a class of target information and the Addrs field
    52  // specifies target information like the following:
    53  //
    54  //	route.RouteMessage{
    55  //		Version: RTM_VERSION,
    56  //		Type: RTM_GET,
    57  //		Flags: RTF_UP | RTF_HOST,
    58  //		ID: uintptr(os.Getpid()),
    59  //		Seq: 1,
    60  //		Addrs: []route.Addrs{
    61  //			RTAX_DST: &route.Inet4Addr{ ... },
    62  //			RTAX_IFP: &route.LinkAddr{ ... },
    63  //			RTAX_BRD: &route.Inet4Addr{ ... },
    64  //		},
    65  //	}
    66  //
    67  // The values for the above fields depend on the implementation of
    68  // each operating system.
    69  //
    70  // The Err field on a response message contains an error value on the
    71  // requested operation. If non-nil, the requested operation is failed.
    72  type RouteMessage struct {
    73  	Version int     // message version
    74  	Type    int     // message type
    75  	Flags   int     // route flags
    76  	Index   int     // interface index when atatched
    77  	ID      uintptr // sender's identifier; usually process ID
    78  	Seq     int     // sequence number
    79  	Err     error   // error on requested operation
    80  	Addrs   []Addr  // addresses
    81  
    82  	extOff int    // offset of header extension
    83  	raw    []byte // raw message
    84  }
    85  
    86  // Marshal returns the binary encoding of m.
    87  func (m *RouteMessage) Marshal() ([]byte, error) {
    88  	return m.marshal()
    89  }
    90  
    91  // A RIBType reprensents a type of routing information base.
    92  type RIBType int
    93  
    94  const (
    95  	RIBTypeRoute     RIBType = syscall.NET_RT_DUMP
    96  	RIBTypeInterface RIBType = syscall.NET_RT_IFLIST
    97  )
    98  
    99  // FetchRIB fetches a routing information base from the operating
   100  // system.
   101  //
   102  // The provided af must be an address family.
   103  //
   104  // The provided arg must be a RIBType-specific argument.
   105  // When RIBType is related to routes, arg might be a set of route
   106  // flags. When RIBType is related to network interfaces, arg might be
   107  // an interface index or a set of interface flags. In most cases, zero
   108  // means a wildcard.
   109  func FetchRIB(af int, typ RIBType, arg int) ([]byte, error) {
   110  	mib := [6]int32{sysCTL_NET, sysAF_ROUTE, 0, int32(af), int32(typ), int32(arg)}
   111  	n := uintptr(0)
   112  	if err := sysctl(mib[:], nil, &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
   113  		return nil, os.NewSyscallError("sysctl", err)
   114  	}
   115  	if n == 0 {
   116  		return nil, nil
   117  	}
   118  	b := make([]byte, n)
   119  	if err := sysctl(mib[:], &b[0], &n, nil, 0); err != nil {
   120  		return nil, os.NewSyscallError("sysctl", err)
   121  	}
   122  	return b[:n], nil
   123  }
   124  

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