...
Run Format

Source file src/image/decode_example_test.go

Documentation: image

  // Copyright 2012 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
  
  // This example demonstrates decoding a JPEG image and examining its pixels.
  package image_test
  
  import (
  	"encoding/base64"
  	"fmt"
  	"image"
  	"log"
  	"strings"
  
  	// Package image/jpeg is not used explicitly in the code below,
  	// but is imported for its initialization side-effect, which allows
  	// image.Decode to understand JPEG formatted images. Uncomment these
  	// two lines to also understand GIF and PNG images:
  	// _ "image/gif"
  	// _ "image/png"
  	_ "image/jpeg"
  )
  
  func Example() {
  	// Decode the JPEG data. If reading from file, create a reader with
  	//
  	// reader, err := os.Open("testdata/video-001.q50.420.jpeg")
  	// if err != nil {
  	//     log.Fatal(err)
  	// }
  	// defer reader.Close()
  	reader := base64.NewDecoder(base64.StdEncoding, strings.NewReader(data))
  	m, _, err := image.Decode(reader)
  	if err != nil {
  		log.Fatal(err)
  	}
  	bounds := m.Bounds()
  
  	// Calculate a 16-bin histogram for m's red, green, blue and alpha components.
  	//
  	// An image's bounds do not necessarily start at (0, 0), so the two loops start
  	// at bounds.Min.Y and bounds.Min.X. Looping over Y first and X second is more
  	// likely to result in better memory access patterns than X first and Y second.
  	var histogram [16][4]int
  	for y := bounds.Min.Y; y < bounds.Max.Y; y++ {
  		for x := bounds.Min.X; x < bounds.Max.X; x++ {
  			r, g, b, a := m.At(x, y).RGBA()
  			// A color's RGBA method returns values in the range [0, 65535].
  			// Shifting by 12 reduces this to the range [0, 15].
  			histogram[r>>12][0]++
  			histogram[g>>12][1]++
  			histogram[b>>12][2]++
  			histogram[a>>12][3]++
  		}
  	}
  
  	// Print the results.
  	fmt.Printf("%-14s %6s %6s %6s %6s\n", "bin", "red", "green", "blue", "alpha")
  	for i, x := range histogram {
  		fmt.Printf("0x%04x-0x%04x: %6d %6d %6d %6d\n", i<<12, (i+1)<<12-1, x[0], x[1], x[2], x[3])
  	}
  	// Output:
  	// bin               red  green   blue  alpha
  	// 0x0000-0x0fff:    364    790   7242      0
  	// 0x1000-0x1fff:    645   2967   1039      0
  	// 0x2000-0x2fff:   1072   2299    979      0
  	// 0x3000-0x3fff:    820   2266    980      0
  	// 0x4000-0x4fff:    537   1305    541      0
  	// 0x5000-0x5fff:    319    962    261      0
  	// 0x6000-0x6fff:    322    375    177      0
  	// 0x7000-0x7fff:    601    279    214      0
  	// 0x8000-0x8fff:   3478    227    273      0
  	// 0x9000-0x9fff:   2260    234    329      0
  	// 0xa000-0xafff:    921    282    373      0
  	// 0xb000-0xbfff:    321    335    397      0
  	// 0xc000-0xcfff:    229    388    298      0
  	// 0xd000-0xdfff:    260    414    277      0
  	// 0xe000-0xefff:    516    428    298      0
  	// 0xf000-0xffff:   2785   1899   1772  15450
  }
  
  const data = `
  /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQIAHAAcAAD/2wBDABALDA4MChAODQ4SERATGCgaGBYWGDEjJR0oOjM9PDkzODdA
  SFxOQERXRTc4UG1RV19iZ2hnPk1xeXBkeFxlZ2P/2wBDARESEhgVGC8aGi9jQjhCY2NjY2NjY2NjY2Nj
  Y2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2P/wAARCABnAJYDASIAAhEBAxEB/8QA
  HwAAAQUBAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAAECAwQFBgcICQoL/8QAtRAAAgEDAwIEAwUFBAQAAAF9AQIDAAQRBRIh
  MUEGE1FhByJxFDKBkaEII0KxwRVS0fAkM2JyggkKFhcYGRolJicoKSo0NTY3ODk6Q0RFRkdISUpTVFVW
  V1hZWmNkZWZnaGlqc3R1dnd4eXqDhIWGh4iJipKTlJWWl5iZmqKjpKWmp6ipqrKztLW2t7i5usLDxMXG
  x8jJytLT1NXW19jZ2uHi4+Tl5ufo6erx8vP09fb3+Pn6/8QAHwEAAwEBAQEBAQEBAQAAAAAAAAECAwQF
  BgcICQoL/8QAtREAAgECBAQDBAcFBAQAAQJ3AAECAxEEBSExBhJBUQdhcRMiMoEIFEKRobHBCSMzUvAV
  YnLRChYkNOEl8RcYGRomJygpKjU2Nzg5OkNERUZHSElKU1RVVldYWVpjZGVmZ2hpanN0dXZ3eHl6goOE
  hYaHiImKkpOUlZaXmJmaoqOkpaanqKmqsrO0tba3uLm6wsPExcbHyMnK0tPU1dbX2Nna4uPk5ebn6Onq
  8vP09fb3+Pn6/9oADAMBAAIRAxEAPwDlwKMD0pwzSiuK57QzGDxS7D6in8Y5ximnAPUfSlcq4m3ilUYp
  2OKXHvRcVxnTtS7c07HNFK4DQPakC4PNOA+tOx70XAjK/So5gBGP94fzqfvUVx/qxx/EP51UXqRP4WSE
  cmgjilP3jSEZqS0IO/NGDnpUiocDg/McDjvV6HTPOdVWYgsM5KcfzzQ2JySM2jp6VYu7SWzmMUwG4cgj
  kMPUVBjjtTGtRu0Zopw+lFFxhinrGzuqqMsxAA9yaXFSRv5cqSEcIwYj6GpuZ30O30fSLKzhUpbpNMv3
  5XGTn29BV28jt7pPLuIVljPBBFVreYx+VbqAjycgt3x14zRcNOxGyVFHQkIc/wA61exyKLbuzjdZ046d
  ftEuTEw3Rk9SPT8P8Kpbea3tchbyVae4JkjbbGpGdwOM89Af6ViFTWUtGdcXoM2+woK1JtpNtTcoZt+l
  Jt7ZqTbRtouFyPFRXI/c9D94fzqzioLsfuD/ALw/nVReqIn8LJCOTSY+tSMOTmkIpXLRu+F0t5pJxPHG
  wjjUAuBjJJz1+laD6Pai+WaK9SBX6puzn6ZP+NV/Dkdtc6ZNbyAFwxLAHDYPv6VoQ21nPNEEiQGEFRtk
  Gf0NaWTOeW7Of8QwGG4MRZnEbYXPJwRnOR0zWNXW+KrqBLUWi5EjbWCgcAA9c/gRXKYqZaGlK/LqMH0F
  FLtHvRSNiYD2pSDTgpp6p0ywUHoTULXYxcktzrdCf7Xo8LP/AKyEmMNjJ46dfbFWJ5TDGNwB9lFUvDV9
  YrbfYGbyrjcWG88S57g+vtV26ZIvMlumKwwjLZ6V0WfU54yTvYwtbubea2WNWbzg4bYQeBgj8OtYeKhj
  u4y2HQxqxOD1xzxmrWAQCCGB6EGsaikndmsJxeiYzBo280/Z7UbayuaXGY5oIp+2lx9KLjIsVDeD/Rj/
  ALy/zq1t96r3y4tT/vL/ADq4P3kRP4WSleTSFKkkKoCW4GaqNcMxIjXj1pxjKT0FKrGC1Nrw3vGrKkYz
  5kTAr6455/HH510UdwPtRgWCbzF5+YYUf4Vwun39xpmoR3qASMmQUJwGU9Rnt/8AWrpbrxhb8/ZdOmaQ
  gAGZwFH5ZJrpVKVlY5ZYhN6kXiu2eO/ikZlIljAAB5yM549OawSOOlPuLqe+umuLqTfM4OSOAo7ADsKh
  hl/cRsTuJHPv7mlKi3sVTxNtGP20VJhThgSQaK52mnZnUqsWrpkyeUrr5pABOAPU1AGaXUCWJISHGPfP
  P8qL7BiKnsMg46H3qrbzupbj5mPTPTpXVSglG551SpzSsXJ4/MBUgYIxyKpySyGBYJriV1D7kRpCVH4V
  bSeNJ4xchni3DeqnBI+td7F4b0mKIRjT45VbktJlzk455+n6VtYzv2PNwFZWBHBGKVJDGVC54/nXQeMN
  NttLNkba1jgWVWDmM8bhg4/nzXLSSbXVj6fyNKUdNRp21RtIRJGrjuM0u3FQ2DbodvcEkfQmrW2vLqLl
  k0ejCXNFMj2/jQV9qkxSYNRcsZiq2oI32N2CkhWXJxwOe9XMcVt6hoPn6dFaW0wgRpNzvKDlz6+/0rai
  ryv2Jm9LHJai+ZRGCBjnr71ErdAxAY9B611t1Y2cunbbaOQ3FvKZI3UqGlZMbiWwfcfhV231iwvLSM3U
  lt5Uq52TuZG+hGMA12xXJGxxzjzybOQtNOvb5j9ktZJhnBIHyg+5PFX38JayqK/2eLJIBUTgkDA9q7ex
  itrSHFpGsUbndhRgc+g7VNIyfZJAoJZUbb3I46CtFJMylBo8sdWhmYMuCnylc9wef5VUT7+1chc5NS7h
  sUZO5RtIPUH3pkBDOxxxmqM9TQtn+WilhHfHaik43KTG3Z4IyPyrNVjGCsZ+dmwv6V3cXhSG8sYpJLud
  JJIwxChdoJGcYx/Wkg8DafA4knvLiQr/ALqj+VQpKw3FtnFFfvbiSMgZJ6/jXp2n3d9cQRBTFsKD96EP
  oOxPU/8A68VVtbbRtMVntbePKDLTSHJH/Aj/AEqHTvE66rq72VugMMcbSGTnL4wMAfjT5n0HyW3L+s6b
  baxaJBdzN+7bcrxkAhun0rz3VNCv7e7lgigknWI43xLu6jjIHTjtXqfkpPGVYsBkghTikgsYIN/lhgXb
  cxLkknp/ShczQ7xtY8vtEmhkj8yGRBuCnehUcnHcVtmwfJ/fQ8e7f/E12txZW91C0U6b42xlST2OR/Ko
  Bo1gM/uW55/1jf41nOipu7LhV5FZHIGzI6zwj/vr/Ck+yr3uYf8Ax7/CutbQdMb71tn/ALaN/jSf8I/p
  X/PoP++2/wAan6rAr6wzkWt0II+1Rc/7Lf4Vd1eeCSKBbdZDdShYoiZNoyfY10P/AAj2lf8APmP++2/x
  oPh/SjKspsozIuNrZORjp3qo0FHYPb3OZt7ae3SzjuItsiRSAgnccl/UA+3Q1yNjKLR4ZZYY5VD7tkv3
  WwO/+e1evPp9nI257aJm6bioz1z1+tY+s6Hplnot9PbWMMcqwOFcLyOO1bJWMZSTOPHi+9w3mosrlyd2
  9lCj02g9P/1e9a3hzxAbl2ikZRcdQueHHt7j864Y8Z4I4oRzG6urFWU5BHBB7HNJxTFGbR6he6Vpmtgm
  eLy5zwZI/lb8fX8azIvBUUTHdfSFP4QsYB/HNZ+k+KEnRY75hHOvAk6K/v7H9K6yyvlnQBmDZ6GsnzR0
  N0oy1RzOtaN/Y1tHNFO06u+zYy4I4Jzx9KKveJblXuordSGES5b6n/62PzorKVdp2LjQTVyWz8UWEWlq
  jSgyxfJt6EgdDzWTdeLIZGO7zHI/hVajGmWWP+PWL8qwlAIURrhpMAHHJA71pRcZrToZzcoEuo6heakA
  GHk245CZ6/X1qPTLq40q+W5t2QybSpDAkEEc55/zilk5k2r91eKhLDzWz2rpsczbbuemeD76fUNG865I
  MiysmQMZAAwa3a5j4ftu0ByP+fh/5CulkLLG7INzhSVHqe1Fh3uOoqn9qQQxyhndmHIxwOmSR2xQ13KD
  KoiBZOV9JBnt707MVy5RWdNdy7wRGf3bfMinnO1jg+vY03WXLaJO3mhQ20b0zwpYf0qlG7S7icrJs08U
  VwumgC+YiQyeVtZH567hzj8aSL949oGhE/2v5pJCDkksQwBHC4/+vXQ8LZ2uYxxCavY7us/xCcaBfn0h
  b+VP0bnSrb94ZMJgOecj1rl/GfidUE2k2gy5+SeQjgA/wj3rlas2jdao48qrjLAGkSKPk4Gc1WMj92I+
  lIJnU8OfxPWo5inBokmtQTmM4OOh71b0q6vbFmWCbaxHyqQGAP0PT8KhSTzVyo5ocSKA5VfTOTmqsmRd
  pl99XjPzThzK3zOeOSeveirNmkgg/fIpYsTkYORxRXmzlTjJqx6EVUcU7mhkKCzdAK59QI9zYxtG1fYU
  UVtgtmY4nZEa8Ak9aqFv3rfSiiu1nMeifDv/AJF+T/r4f+QrqqKKQwzQenNFFMCOKFIgNuThdoJ5OPSk
  ubeK6t3gnXdG4wwziiii/UTKMOg6dbzJLFE4dSCP3rEdeOM8805tDsGMvySgSsS6rM6gk9eAcUUVftZt
  3uyVGNthuq3Eei6DK8H7sRR7YuMgHtXkc8rzTNLM26RyWY+p70UVnLY0iEsUipG7rhZBlDkc1HgYoorM
  0HwyBXGeRjmrcUhMg2ghezd//rUUVcTKW5s2jZtY/QDaOKKKK8ip8bPRj8KP/9k=
  `
  

View as plain text