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Source file src/hash/crc64/crc64.go

Documentation: hash/crc64

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package crc64 implements the 64-bit cyclic redundancy check, or CRC-64,
     6  // checksum. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclic_redundancy_check for
     7  // information.
     8  package crc64
     9  
    10  import (
    11  	"errors"
    12  	"hash"
    13  	"sync"
    14  )
    15  
    16  // The size of a CRC-64 checksum in bytes.
    17  const Size = 8
    18  
    19  // Predefined polynomials.
    20  const (
    21  	// The ISO polynomial, defined in ISO 3309 and used in HDLC.
    22  	ISO = 0xD800000000000000
    23  
    24  	// The ECMA polynomial, defined in ECMA 182.
    25  	ECMA = 0xC96C5795D7870F42
    26  )
    27  
    28  // Table is a 256-word table representing the polynomial for efficient processing.
    29  type Table [256]uint64
    30  
    31  var (
    32  	slicing8TablesBuildOnce sync.Once
    33  	slicing8TableISO        *[8]Table
    34  	slicing8TableECMA       *[8]Table
    35  )
    36  
    37  func buildSlicing8TablesOnce() {
    38  	slicing8TablesBuildOnce.Do(buildSlicing8Tables)
    39  }
    40  
    41  func buildSlicing8Tables() {
    42  	slicing8TableISO = makeSlicingBy8Table(makeTable(ISO))
    43  	slicing8TableECMA = makeSlicingBy8Table(makeTable(ECMA))
    44  }
    45  
    46  // MakeTable returns a Table constructed from the specified polynomial.
    47  // The contents of this Table must not be modified.
    48  func MakeTable(poly uint64) *Table {
    49  	buildSlicing8TablesOnce()
    50  	switch poly {
    51  	case ISO:
    52  		return &slicing8TableISO[0]
    53  	case ECMA:
    54  		return &slicing8TableECMA[0]
    55  	default:
    56  		return makeTable(poly)
    57  	}
    58  }
    59  
    60  func makeTable(poly uint64) *Table {
    61  	t := new(Table)
    62  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
    63  		crc := uint64(i)
    64  		for j := 0; j < 8; j++ {
    65  			if crc&1 == 1 {
    66  				crc = (crc >> 1) ^ poly
    67  			} else {
    68  				crc >>= 1
    69  			}
    70  		}
    71  		t[i] = crc
    72  	}
    73  	return t
    74  }
    75  
    76  func makeSlicingBy8Table(t *Table) *[8]Table {
    77  	var helperTable [8]Table
    78  	helperTable[0] = *t
    79  	for i := 0; i < 256; i++ {
    80  		crc := t[i]
    81  		for j := 1; j < 8; j++ {
    82  			crc = t[crc&0xff] ^ (crc >> 8)
    83  			helperTable[j][i] = crc
    84  		}
    85  	}
    86  	return &helperTable
    87  }
    88  
    89  // digest represents the partial evaluation of a checksum.
    90  type digest struct {
    91  	crc uint64
    92  	tab *Table
    93  }
    94  
    95  // New creates a new hash.Hash64 computing the CRC-64 checksum using the
    96  // polynomial represented by the Table. Its Sum method will lay the
    97  // value out in big-endian byte order. The returned Hash64 also
    98  // implements encoding.BinaryMarshaler and encoding.BinaryUnmarshaler to
    99  // marshal and unmarshal the internal state of the hash.
   100  func New(tab *Table) hash.Hash64 { return &digest{0, tab} }
   101  
   102  func (d *digest) Size() int { return Size }
   103  
   104  func (d *digest) BlockSize() int { return 1 }
   105  
   106  func (d *digest) Reset() { d.crc = 0 }
   107  
   108  const (
   109  	magic         = "crc\x02"
   110  	marshaledSize = len(magic) + 8 + 8
   111  )
   112  
   113  func (d *digest) MarshalBinary() ([]byte, error) {
   114  	b := make([]byte, 0, marshaledSize)
   115  	b = append(b, magic...)
   116  	b = appendUint64(b, tableSum(d.tab))
   117  	b = appendUint64(b, d.crc)
   118  	return b, nil
   119  }
   120  
   121  func (d *digest) UnmarshalBinary(b []byte) error {
   122  	if len(b) < len(magic) || string(b[:len(magic)]) != magic {
   123  		return errors.New("hash/crc64: invalid hash state identifier")
   124  	}
   125  	if len(b) != marshaledSize {
   126  		return errors.New("hash/crc64: invalid hash state size")
   127  	}
   128  	if tableSum(d.tab) != readUint64(b[4:]) {
   129  		return errors.New("hash/crc64: tables do not match")
   130  	}
   131  	d.crc = readUint64(b[12:])
   132  	return nil
   133  }
   134  
   135  func appendUint64(b []byte, x uint64) []byte {
   136  	a := [8]byte{
   137  		byte(x >> 56),
   138  		byte(x >> 48),
   139  		byte(x >> 40),
   140  		byte(x >> 32),
   141  		byte(x >> 24),
   142  		byte(x >> 16),
   143  		byte(x >> 8),
   144  		byte(x),
   145  	}
   146  	return append(b, a[:]...)
   147  }
   148  
   149  func readUint64(b []byte) uint64 {
   150  	_ = b[7]
   151  	return uint64(b[7]) | uint64(b[6])<<8 | uint64(b[5])<<16 | uint64(b[4])<<24 |
   152  		uint64(b[3])<<32 | uint64(b[2])<<40 | uint64(b[1])<<48 | uint64(b[0])<<56
   153  }
   154  
   155  func update(crc uint64, tab *Table, p []byte) uint64 {
   156  	buildSlicing8TablesOnce()
   157  	crc = ^crc
   158  	// Table comparison is somewhat expensive, so avoid it for small sizes
   159  	for len(p) >= 64 {
   160  		var helperTable *[8]Table
   161  		if *tab == slicing8TableECMA[0] {
   162  			helperTable = slicing8TableECMA
   163  		} else if *tab == slicing8TableISO[0] {
   164  			helperTable = slicing8TableISO
   165  			// For smaller sizes creating extended table takes too much time
   166  		} else if len(p) > 16384 {
   167  			helperTable = makeSlicingBy8Table(tab)
   168  		} else {
   169  			break
   170  		}
   171  		// Update using slicing-by-8
   172  		for len(p) > 8 {
   173  			crc ^= uint64(p[0]) | uint64(p[1])<<8 | uint64(p[2])<<16 | uint64(p[3])<<24 |
   174  				uint64(p[4])<<32 | uint64(p[5])<<40 | uint64(p[6])<<48 | uint64(p[7])<<56
   175  			crc = helperTable[7][crc&0xff] ^
   176  				helperTable[6][(crc>>8)&0xff] ^
   177  				helperTable[5][(crc>>16)&0xff] ^
   178  				helperTable[4][(crc>>24)&0xff] ^
   179  				helperTable[3][(crc>>32)&0xff] ^
   180  				helperTable[2][(crc>>40)&0xff] ^
   181  				helperTable[1][(crc>>48)&0xff] ^
   182  				helperTable[0][crc>>56]
   183  			p = p[8:]
   184  		}
   185  	}
   186  	// For reminders or small sizes
   187  	for _, v := range p {
   188  		crc = tab[byte(crc)^v] ^ (crc >> 8)
   189  	}
   190  	return ^crc
   191  }
   192  
   193  // Update returns the result of adding the bytes in p to the crc.
   194  func Update(crc uint64, tab *Table, p []byte) uint64 {
   195  	return update(crc, tab, p)
   196  }
   197  
   198  func (d *digest) Write(p []byte) (n int, err error) {
   199  	d.crc = update(d.crc, d.tab, p)
   200  	return len(p), nil
   201  }
   202  
   203  func (d *digest) Sum64() uint64 { return d.crc }
   204  
   205  func (d *digest) Sum(in []byte) []byte {
   206  	s := d.Sum64()
   207  	return append(in, byte(s>>56), byte(s>>48), byte(s>>40), byte(s>>32), byte(s>>24), byte(s>>16), byte(s>>8), byte(s))
   208  }
   209  
   210  // Checksum returns the CRC-64 checksum of data
   211  // using the polynomial represented by the Table.
   212  func Checksum(data []byte, tab *Table) uint64 { return update(0, tab, data) }
   213  
   214  // tableSum returns the ISO checksum of table t.
   215  func tableSum(t *Table) uint64 {
   216  	var a [2048]byte
   217  	b := a[:0]
   218  	if t != nil {
   219  		for _, x := range t {
   220  			b = appendUint64(b, x)
   221  		}
   222  	}
   223  	return Checksum(b, MakeTable(ISO))
   224  }
   225  

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