Source file src/go/ast/ast.go

Documentation: go/ast

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package ast declares the types used to represent syntax trees for Go
     6  // packages.
     7  //
     8  package ast
     9  
    10  import (
    11  	"go/token"
    12  	"strings"
    13  )
    14  
    15  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    16  // Interfaces
    17  //
    18  // There are 3 main classes of nodes: Expressions and type nodes,
    19  // statement nodes, and declaration nodes. The node names usually
    20  // match the corresponding Go spec production names to which they
    21  // correspond. The node fields correspond to the individual parts
    22  // of the respective productions.
    23  //
    24  // All nodes contain position information marking the beginning of
    25  // the corresponding source text segment; it is accessible via the
    26  // Pos accessor method. Nodes may contain additional position info
    27  // for language constructs where comments may be found between parts
    28  // of the construct (typically any larger, parenthesized subpart).
    29  // That position information is needed to properly position comments
    30  // when printing the construct.
    31  
    32  // All node types implement the Node interface.
    33  type Node interface {
    34  	Pos() token.Pos // position of first character belonging to the node
    35  	End() token.Pos // position of first character immediately after the node
    36  }
    37  
    38  // All expression nodes implement the Expr interface.
    39  type Expr interface {
    40  	Node
    41  	exprNode()
    42  }
    43  
    44  // All statement nodes implement the Stmt interface.
    45  type Stmt interface {
    46  	Node
    47  	stmtNode()
    48  }
    49  
    50  // All declaration nodes implement the Decl interface.
    51  type Decl interface {
    52  	Node
    53  	declNode()
    54  }
    55  
    56  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    57  // Comments
    58  
    59  // A Comment node represents a single //-style or /*-style comment.
    60  type Comment struct {
    61  	Slash token.Pos // position of "/" starting the comment
    62  	Text  string    // comment text (excluding '\n' for //-style comments)
    63  }
    64  
    65  func (c *Comment) Pos() token.Pos { return c.Slash }
    66  func (c *Comment) End() token.Pos { return token.Pos(int(c.Slash) + len(c.Text)) }
    67  
    68  // A CommentGroup represents a sequence of comments
    69  // with no other tokens and no empty lines between.
    70  //
    71  type CommentGroup struct {
    72  	List []*Comment // len(List) > 0
    73  }
    74  
    75  func (g *CommentGroup) Pos() token.Pos { return g.List[0].Pos() }
    76  func (g *CommentGroup) End() token.Pos { return g.List[len(g.List)-1].End() }
    77  
    78  func isWhitespace(ch byte) bool { return ch == ' ' || ch == '\t' || ch == '\n' || ch == '\r' }
    79  
    80  func stripTrailingWhitespace(s string) string {
    81  	i := len(s)
    82  	for i > 0 && isWhitespace(s[i-1]) {
    83  		i--
    84  	}
    85  	return s[0:i]
    86  }
    87  
    88  // Text returns the text of the comment.
    89  // Comment markers (//, /*, and */), the first space of a line comment, and
    90  // leading and trailing empty lines are removed. Multiple empty lines are
    91  // reduced to one, and trailing space on lines is trimmed. Unless the result
    92  // is empty, it is newline-terminated.
    93  //
    94  func (g *CommentGroup) Text() string {
    95  	if g == nil {
    96  		return ""
    97  	}
    98  	comments := make([]string, len(g.List))
    99  	for i, c := range g.List {
   100  		comments[i] = c.Text
   101  	}
   102  
   103  	lines := make([]string, 0, 10) // most comments are less than 10 lines
   104  	for _, c := range comments {
   105  		// Remove comment markers.
   106  		// The parser has given us exactly the comment text.
   107  		switch c[1] {
   108  		case '/':
   109  			//-style comment (no newline at the end)
   110  			c = c[2:]
   111  			// strip first space - required for Example tests
   112  			if len(c) > 0 && c[0] == ' ' {
   113  				c = c[1:]
   114  			}
   115  		case '*':
   116  			/*-style comment */
   117  			c = c[2 : len(c)-2]
   118  		}
   119  
   120  		// Split on newlines.
   121  		cl := strings.Split(c, "\n")
   122  
   123  		// Walk lines, stripping trailing white space and adding to list.
   124  		for _, l := range cl {
   125  			lines = append(lines, stripTrailingWhitespace(l))
   126  		}
   127  	}
   128  
   129  	// Remove leading blank lines; convert runs of
   130  	// interior blank lines to a single blank line.
   131  	n := 0
   132  	for _, line := range lines {
   133  		if line != "" || n > 0 && lines[n-1] != "" {
   134  			lines[n] = line
   135  			n++
   136  		}
   137  	}
   138  	lines = lines[0:n]
   139  
   140  	// Add final "" entry to get trailing newline from Join.
   141  	if n > 0 && lines[n-1] != "" {
   142  		lines = append(lines, "")
   143  	}
   144  
   145  	return strings.Join(lines, "\n")
   146  }
   147  
   148  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   149  // Expressions and types
   150  
   151  // A Field represents a Field declaration list in a struct type,
   152  // a method list in an interface type, or a parameter/result declaration
   153  // in a signature.
   154  // Field.Names is nil for unnamed parameters (parameter lists which only contain types)
   155  // and embedded struct fields. In the latter case, the field name is the type name.
   156  //
   157  type Field struct {
   158  	Doc     *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   159  	Names   []*Ident      // field/method/parameter names; or nil
   160  	Type    Expr          // field/method/parameter type
   161  	Tag     *BasicLit     // field tag; or nil
   162  	Comment *CommentGroup // line comments; or nil
   163  }
   164  
   165  func (f *Field) Pos() token.Pos {
   166  	if len(f.Names) > 0 {
   167  		return f.Names[0].Pos()
   168  	}
   169  	return f.Type.Pos()
   170  }
   171  
   172  func (f *Field) End() token.Pos {
   173  	if f.Tag != nil {
   174  		return f.Tag.End()
   175  	}
   176  	return f.Type.End()
   177  }
   178  
   179  // A FieldList represents a list of Fields, enclosed by parentheses or braces.
   180  type FieldList struct {
   181  	Opening token.Pos // position of opening parenthesis/brace, if any
   182  	List    []*Field  // field list; or nil
   183  	Closing token.Pos // position of closing parenthesis/brace, if any
   184  }
   185  
   186  func (f *FieldList) Pos() token.Pos {
   187  	if f.Opening.IsValid() {
   188  		return f.Opening
   189  	}
   190  	// the list should not be empty in this case;
   191  	// be conservative and guard against bad ASTs
   192  	if len(f.List) > 0 {
   193  		return f.List[0].Pos()
   194  	}
   195  	return token.NoPos
   196  }
   197  
   198  func (f *FieldList) End() token.Pos {
   199  	if f.Closing.IsValid() {
   200  		return f.Closing + 1
   201  	}
   202  	// the list should not be empty in this case;
   203  	// be conservative and guard against bad ASTs
   204  	if n := len(f.List); n > 0 {
   205  		return f.List[n-1].End()
   206  	}
   207  	return token.NoPos
   208  }
   209  
   210  // NumFields returns the number of parameters or struct fields represented by a FieldList.
   211  func (f *FieldList) NumFields() int {
   212  	n := 0
   213  	if f != nil {
   214  		for _, g := range f.List {
   215  			m := len(g.Names)
   216  			if m == 0 {
   217  				m = 1
   218  			}
   219  			n += m
   220  		}
   221  	}
   222  	return n
   223  }
   224  
   225  // An expression is represented by a tree consisting of one
   226  // or more of the following concrete expression nodes.
   227  //
   228  type (
   229  	// A BadExpr node is a placeholder for expressions containing
   230  	// syntax errors for which no correct expression nodes can be
   231  	// created.
   232  	//
   233  	BadExpr struct {
   234  		From, To token.Pos // position range of bad expression
   235  	}
   236  
   237  	// An Ident node represents an identifier.
   238  	Ident struct {
   239  		NamePos token.Pos // identifier position
   240  		Name    string    // identifier name
   241  		Obj     *Object   // denoted object; or nil
   242  	}
   243  
   244  	// An Ellipsis node stands for the "..." type in a
   245  	// parameter list or the "..." length in an array type.
   246  	//
   247  	Ellipsis struct {
   248  		Ellipsis token.Pos // position of "..."
   249  		Elt      Expr      // ellipsis element type (parameter lists only); or nil
   250  	}
   251  
   252  	// A BasicLit node represents a literal of basic type.
   253  	BasicLit struct {
   254  		ValuePos token.Pos   // literal position
   255  		Kind     token.Token // token.INT, token.FLOAT, token.IMAG, token.CHAR, or token.STRING
   256  		Value    string      // literal string; e.g. 42, 0x7f, 3.14, 1e-9, 2.4i, 'a', '\x7f', "foo" or `\m\n\o`
   257  	}
   258  
   259  	// A FuncLit node represents a function literal.
   260  	FuncLit struct {
   261  		Type *FuncType  // function type
   262  		Body *BlockStmt // function body
   263  	}
   264  
   265  	// A CompositeLit node represents a composite literal.
   266  	CompositeLit struct {
   267  		Type       Expr      // literal type; or nil
   268  		Lbrace     token.Pos // position of "{"
   269  		Elts       []Expr    // list of composite elements; or nil
   270  		Rbrace     token.Pos // position of "}"
   271  		Incomplete bool      // true if (source) expressions are missing in the Elts list
   272  	}
   273  
   274  	// A ParenExpr node represents a parenthesized expression.
   275  	ParenExpr struct {
   276  		Lparen token.Pos // position of "("
   277  		X      Expr      // parenthesized expression
   278  		Rparen token.Pos // position of ")"
   279  	}
   280  
   281  	// A SelectorExpr node represents an expression followed by a selector.
   282  	SelectorExpr struct {
   283  		X   Expr   // expression
   284  		Sel *Ident // field selector
   285  	}
   286  
   287  	// An IndexExpr node represents an expression followed by an index.
   288  	IndexExpr struct {
   289  		X      Expr      // expression
   290  		Lbrack token.Pos // position of "["
   291  		Index  Expr      // index expression
   292  		Rbrack token.Pos // position of "]"
   293  	}
   294  
   295  	// An SliceExpr node represents an expression followed by slice indices.
   296  	SliceExpr struct {
   297  		X      Expr      // expression
   298  		Lbrack token.Pos // position of "["
   299  		Low    Expr      // begin of slice range; or nil
   300  		High   Expr      // end of slice range; or nil
   301  		Max    Expr      // maximum capacity of slice; or nil
   302  		Slice3 bool      // true if 3-index slice (2 colons present)
   303  		Rbrack token.Pos // position of "]"
   304  	}
   305  
   306  	// A TypeAssertExpr node represents an expression followed by a
   307  	// type assertion.
   308  	//
   309  	TypeAssertExpr struct {
   310  		X      Expr      // expression
   311  		Lparen token.Pos // position of "("
   312  		Type   Expr      // asserted type; nil means type switch X.(type)
   313  		Rparen token.Pos // position of ")"
   314  	}
   315  
   316  	// A CallExpr node represents an expression followed by an argument list.
   317  	CallExpr struct {
   318  		Fun      Expr      // function expression
   319  		Lparen   token.Pos // position of "("
   320  		Args     []Expr    // function arguments; or nil
   321  		Ellipsis token.Pos // position of "..." (token.NoPos if there is no "...")
   322  		Rparen   token.Pos // position of ")"
   323  	}
   324  
   325  	// A StarExpr node represents an expression of the form "*" Expression.
   326  	// Semantically it could be a unary "*" expression, or a pointer type.
   327  	//
   328  	StarExpr struct {
   329  		Star token.Pos // position of "*"
   330  		X    Expr      // operand
   331  	}
   332  
   333  	// A UnaryExpr node represents a unary expression.
   334  	// Unary "*" expressions are represented via StarExpr nodes.
   335  	//
   336  	UnaryExpr struct {
   337  		OpPos token.Pos   // position of Op
   338  		Op    token.Token // operator
   339  		X     Expr        // operand
   340  	}
   341  
   342  	// A BinaryExpr node represents a binary expression.
   343  	BinaryExpr struct {
   344  		X     Expr        // left operand
   345  		OpPos token.Pos   // position of Op
   346  		Op    token.Token // operator
   347  		Y     Expr        // right operand
   348  	}
   349  
   350  	// A KeyValueExpr node represents (key : value) pairs
   351  	// in composite literals.
   352  	//
   353  	KeyValueExpr struct {
   354  		Key   Expr
   355  		Colon token.Pos // position of ":"
   356  		Value Expr
   357  	}
   358  )
   359  
   360  // The direction of a channel type is indicated by a bit
   361  // mask including one or both of the following constants.
   362  //
   363  type ChanDir int
   364  
   365  const (
   366  	SEND ChanDir = 1 << iota
   367  	RECV
   368  )
   369  
   370  // A type is represented by a tree consisting of one
   371  // or more of the following type-specific expression
   372  // nodes.
   373  //
   374  type (
   375  	// An ArrayType node represents an array or slice type.
   376  	ArrayType struct {
   377  		Lbrack token.Pos // position of "["
   378  		Len    Expr      // Ellipsis node for [...]T array types, nil for slice types
   379  		Elt    Expr      // element type
   380  	}
   381  
   382  	// A StructType node represents a struct type.
   383  	StructType struct {
   384  		Struct     token.Pos  // position of "struct" keyword
   385  		Fields     *FieldList // list of field declarations
   386  		Incomplete bool       // true if (source) fields are missing in the Fields list
   387  	}
   388  
   389  	// Pointer types are represented via StarExpr nodes.
   390  
   391  	// A FuncType node represents a function type.
   392  	FuncType struct {
   393  		Func    token.Pos  // position of "func" keyword (token.NoPos if there is no "func")
   394  		Params  *FieldList // (incoming) parameters; non-nil
   395  		Results *FieldList // (outgoing) results; or nil
   396  	}
   397  
   398  	// An InterfaceType node represents an interface type.
   399  	InterfaceType struct {
   400  		Interface  token.Pos  // position of "interface" keyword
   401  		Methods    *FieldList // list of methods
   402  		Incomplete bool       // true if (source) methods are missing in the Methods list
   403  	}
   404  
   405  	// A MapType node represents a map type.
   406  	MapType struct {
   407  		Map   token.Pos // position of "map" keyword
   408  		Key   Expr
   409  		Value Expr
   410  	}
   411  
   412  	// A ChanType node represents a channel type.
   413  	ChanType struct {
   414  		Begin token.Pos // position of "chan" keyword or "<-" (whichever comes first)
   415  		Arrow token.Pos // position of "<-" (token.NoPos if there is no "<-")
   416  		Dir   ChanDir   // channel direction
   417  		Value Expr      // value type
   418  	}
   419  )
   420  
   421  // Pos and End implementations for expression/type nodes.
   422  
   423  func (x *BadExpr) Pos() token.Pos  { return x.From }
   424  func (x *Ident) Pos() token.Pos    { return x.NamePos }
   425  func (x *Ellipsis) Pos() token.Pos { return x.Ellipsis }
   426  func (x *BasicLit) Pos() token.Pos { return x.ValuePos }
   427  func (x *FuncLit) Pos() token.Pos  { return x.Type.Pos() }
   428  func (x *CompositeLit) Pos() token.Pos {
   429  	if x.Type != nil {
   430  		return x.Type.Pos()
   431  	}
   432  	return x.Lbrace
   433  }
   434  func (x *ParenExpr) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.Lparen }
   435  func (x *SelectorExpr) Pos() token.Pos   { return x.X.Pos() }
   436  func (x *IndexExpr) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.X.Pos() }
   437  func (x *SliceExpr) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.X.Pos() }
   438  func (x *TypeAssertExpr) Pos() token.Pos { return x.X.Pos() }
   439  func (x *CallExpr) Pos() token.Pos       { return x.Fun.Pos() }
   440  func (x *StarExpr) Pos() token.Pos       { return x.Star }
   441  func (x *UnaryExpr) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.OpPos }
   442  func (x *BinaryExpr) Pos() token.Pos     { return x.X.Pos() }
   443  func (x *KeyValueExpr) Pos() token.Pos   { return x.Key.Pos() }
   444  func (x *ArrayType) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.Lbrack }
   445  func (x *StructType) Pos() token.Pos     { return x.Struct }
   446  func (x *FuncType) Pos() token.Pos {
   447  	if x.Func.IsValid() || x.Params == nil { // see issue 3870
   448  		return x.Func
   449  	}
   450  	return x.Params.Pos() // interface method declarations have no "func" keyword
   451  }
   452  func (x *InterfaceType) Pos() token.Pos { return x.Interface }
   453  func (x *MapType) Pos() token.Pos       { return x.Map }
   454  func (x *ChanType) Pos() token.Pos      { return x.Begin }
   455  
   456  func (x *BadExpr) End() token.Pos { return x.To }
   457  func (x *Ident) End() token.Pos   { return token.Pos(int(x.NamePos) + len(x.Name)) }
   458  func (x *Ellipsis) End() token.Pos {
   459  	if x.Elt != nil {
   460  		return x.Elt.End()
   461  	}
   462  	return x.Ellipsis + 3 // len("...")
   463  }
   464  func (x *BasicLit) End() token.Pos       { return token.Pos(int(x.ValuePos) + len(x.Value)) }
   465  func (x *FuncLit) End() token.Pos        { return x.Body.End() }
   466  func (x *CompositeLit) End() token.Pos   { return x.Rbrace + 1 }
   467  func (x *ParenExpr) End() token.Pos      { return x.Rparen + 1 }
   468  func (x *SelectorExpr) End() token.Pos   { return x.Sel.End() }
   469  func (x *IndexExpr) End() token.Pos      { return x.Rbrack + 1 }
   470  func (x *SliceExpr) End() token.Pos      { return x.Rbrack + 1 }
   471  func (x *TypeAssertExpr) End() token.Pos { return x.Rparen + 1 }
   472  func (x *CallExpr) End() token.Pos       { return x.Rparen + 1 }
   473  func (x *StarExpr) End() token.Pos       { return x.X.End() }
   474  func (x *UnaryExpr) End() token.Pos      { return x.X.End() }
   475  func (x *BinaryExpr) End() token.Pos     { return x.Y.End() }
   476  func (x *KeyValueExpr) End() token.Pos   { return x.Value.End() }
   477  func (x *ArrayType) End() token.Pos      { return x.Elt.End() }
   478  func (x *StructType) End() token.Pos     { return x.Fields.End() }
   479  func (x *FuncType) End() token.Pos {
   480  	if x.Results != nil {
   481  		return x.Results.End()
   482  	}
   483  	return x.Params.End()
   484  }
   485  func (x *InterfaceType) End() token.Pos { return x.Methods.End() }
   486  func (x *MapType) End() token.Pos       { return x.Value.End() }
   487  func (x *ChanType) End() token.Pos      { return x.Value.End() }
   488  
   489  // exprNode() ensures that only expression/type nodes can be
   490  // assigned to an Expr.
   491  //
   492  func (*BadExpr) exprNode()        {}
   493  func (*Ident) exprNode()          {}
   494  func (*Ellipsis) exprNode()       {}
   495  func (*BasicLit) exprNode()       {}
   496  func (*FuncLit) exprNode()        {}
   497  func (*CompositeLit) exprNode()   {}
   498  func (*ParenExpr) exprNode()      {}
   499  func (*SelectorExpr) exprNode()   {}
   500  func (*IndexExpr) exprNode()      {}
   501  func (*SliceExpr) exprNode()      {}
   502  func (*TypeAssertExpr) exprNode() {}
   503  func (*CallExpr) exprNode()       {}
   504  func (*StarExpr) exprNode()       {}
   505  func (*UnaryExpr) exprNode()      {}
   506  func (*BinaryExpr) exprNode()     {}
   507  func (*KeyValueExpr) exprNode()   {}
   508  
   509  func (*ArrayType) exprNode()     {}
   510  func (*StructType) exprNode()    {}
   511  func (*FuncType) exprNode()      {}
   512  func (*InterfaceType) exprNode() {}
   513  func (*MapType) exprNode()       {}
   514  func (*ChanType) exprNode()      {}
   515  
   516  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   517  // Convenience functions for Idents
   518  
   519  // NewIdent creates a new Ident without position.
   520  // Useful for ASTs generated by code other than the Go parser.
   521  //
   522  func NewIdent(name string) *Ident { return &Ident{token.NoPos, name, nil} }
   523  
   524  // IsExported reports whether name starts with an upper-case letter.
   525  //
   526  func IsExported(name string) bool { return token.IsExported(name) }
   527  
   528  // IsExported reports whether id starts with an upper-case letter.
   529  //
   530  func (id *Ident) IsExported() bool { return token.IsExported(id.Name) }
   531  
   532  func (id *Ident) String() string {
   533  	if id != nil {
   534  		return id.Name
   535  	}
   536  	return "<nil>"
   537  }
   538  
   539  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   540  // Statements
   541  
   542  // A statement is represented by a tree consisting of one
   543  // or more of the following concrete statement nodes.
   544  //
   545  type (
   546  	// A BadStmt node is a placeholder for statements containing
   547  	// syntax errors for which no correct statement nodes can be
   548  	// created.
   549  	//
   550  	BadStmt struct {
   551  		From, To token.Pos // position range of bad statement
   552  	}
   553  
   554  	// A DeclStmt node represents a declaration in a statement list.
   555  	DeclStmt struct {
   556  		Decl Decl // *GenDecl with CONST, TYPE, or VAR token
   557  	}
   558  
   559  	// An EmptyStmt node represents an empty statement.
   560  	// The "position" of the empty statement is the position
   561  	// of the immediately following (explicit or implicit) semicolon.
   562  	//
   563  	EmptyStmt struct {
   564  		Semicolon token.Pos // position of following ";"
   565  		Implicit  bool      // if set, ";" was omitted in the source
   566  	}
   567  
   568  	// A LabeledStmt node represents a labeled statement.
   569  	LabeledStmt struct {
   570  		Label *Ident
   571  		Colon token.Pos // position of ":"
   572  		Stmt  Stmt
   573  	}
   574  
   575  	// An ExprStmt node represents a (stand-alone) expression
   576  	// in a statement list.
   577  	//
   578  	ExprStmt struct {
   579  		X Expr // expression
   580  	}
   581  
   582  	// A SendStmt node represents a send statement.
   583  	SendStmt struct {
   584  		Chan  Expr
   585  		Arrow token.Pos // position of "<-"
   586  		Value Expr
   587  	}
   588  
   589  	// An IncDecStmt node represents an increment or decrement statement.
   590  	IncDecStmt struct {
   591  		X      Expr
   592  		TokPos token.Pos   // position of Tok
   593  		Tok    token.Token // INC or DEC
   594  	}
   595  
   596  	// An AssignStmt node represents an assignment or
   597  	// a short variable declaration.
   598  	//
   599  	AssignStmt struct {
   600  		Lhs    []Expr
   601  		TokPos token.Pos   // position of Tok
   602  		Tok    token.Token // assignment token, DEFINE
   603  		Rhs    []Expr
   604  	}
   605  
   606  	// A GoStmt node represents a go statement.
   607  	GoStmt struct {
   608  		Go   token.Pos // position of "go" keyword
   609  		Call *CallExpr
   610  	}
   611  
   612  	// A DeferStmt node represents a defer statement.
   613  	DeferStmt struct {
   614  		Defer token.Pos // position of "defer" keyword
   615  		Call  *CallExpr
   616  	}
   617  
   618  	// A ReturnStmt node represents a return statement.
   619  	ReturnStmt struct {
   620  		Return  token.Pos // position of "return" keyword
   621  		Results []Expr    // result expressions; or nil
   622  	}
   623  
   624  	// A BranchStmt node represents a break, continue, goto,
   625  	// or fallthrough statement.
   626  	//
   627  	BranchStmt struct {
   628  		TokPos token.Pos   // position of Tok
   629  		Tok    token.Token // keyword token (BREAK, CONTINUE, GOTO, FALLTHROUGH)
   630  		Label  *Ident      // label name; or nil
   631  	}
   632  
   633  	// A BlockStmt node represents a braced statement list.
   634  	BlockStmt struct {
   635  		Lbrace token.Pos // position of "{"
   636  		List   []Stmt
   637  		Rbrace token.Pos // position of "}"
   638  	}
   639  
   640  	// An IfStmt node represents an if statement.
   641  	IfStmt struct {
   642  		If   token.Pos // position of "if" keyword
   643  		Init Stmt      // initialization statement; or nil
   644  		Cond Expr      // condition
   645  		Body *BlockStmt
   646  		Else Stmt // else branch; or nil
   647  	}
   648  
   649  	// A CaseClause represents a case of an expression or type switch statement.
   650  	CaseClause struct {
   651  		Case  token.Pos // position of "case" or "default" keyword
   652  		List  []Expr    // list of expressions or types; nil means default case
   653  		Colon token.Pos // position of ":"
   654  		Body  []Stmt    // statement list; or nil
   655  	}
   656  
   657  	// A SwitchStmt node represents an expression switch statement.
   658  	SwitchStmt struct {
   659  		Switch token.Pos  // position of "switch" keyword
   660  		Init   Stmt       // initialization statement; or nil
   661  		Tag    Expr       // tag expression; or nil
   662  		Body   *BlockStmt // CaseClauses only
   663  	}
   664  
   665  	// An TypeSwitchStmt node represents a type switch statement.
   666  	TypeSwitchStmt struct {
   667  		Switch token.Pos  // position of "switch" keyword
   668  		Init   Stmt       // initialization statement; or nil
   669  		Assign Stmt       // x := y.(type) or y.(type)
   670  		Body   *BlockStmt // CaseClauses only
   671  	}
   672  
   673  	// A CommClause node represents a case of a select statement.
   674  	CommClause struct {
   675  		Case  token.Pos // position of "case" or "default" keyword
   676  		Comm  Stmt      // send or receive statement; nil means default case
   677  		Colon token.Pos // position of ":"
   678  		Body  []Stmt    // statement list; or nil
   679  	}
   680  
   681  	// An SelectStmt node represents a select statement.
   682  	SelectStmt struct {
   683  		Select token.Pos  // position of "select" keyword
   684  		Body   *BlockStmt // CommClauses only
   685  	}
   686  
   687  	// A ForStmt represents a for statement.
   688  	ForStmt struct {
   689  		For  token.Pos // position of "for" keyword
   690  		Init Stmt      // initialization statement; or nil
   691  		Cond Expr      // condition; or nil
   692  		Post Stmt      // post iteration statement; or nil
   693  		Body *BlockStmt
   694  	}
   695  
   696  	// A RangeStmt represents a for statement with a range clause.
   697  	RangeStmt struct {
   698  		For        token.Pos   // position of "for" keyword
   699  		Key, Value Expr        // Key, Value may be nil
   700  		TokPos     token.Pos   // position of Tok; invalid if Key == nil
   701  		Tok        token.Token // ILLEGAL if Key == nil, ASSIGN, DEFINE
   702  		X          Expr        // value to range over
   703  		Body       *BlockStmt
   704  	}
   705  )
   706  
   707  // Pos and End implementations for statement nodes.
   708  
   709  func (s *BadStmt) Pos() token.Pos        { return s.From }
   710  func (s *DeclStmt) Pos() token.Pos       { return s.Decl.Pos() }
   711  func (s *EmptyStmt) Pos() token.Pos      { return s.Semicolon }
   712  func (s *LabeledStmt) Pos() token.Pos    { return s.Label.Pos() }
   713  func (s *ExprStmt) Pos() token.Pos       { return s.X.Pos() }
   714  func (s *SendStmt) Pos() token.Pos       { return s.Chan.Pos() }
   715  func (s *IncDecStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.X.Pos() }
   716  func (s *AssignStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Lhs[0].Pos() }
   717  func (s *GoStmt) Pos() token.Pos         { return s.Go }
   718  func (s *DeferStmt) Pos() token.Pos      { return s.Defer }
   719  func (s *ReturnStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Return }
   720  func (s *BranchStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.TokPos }
   721  func (s *BlockStmt) Pos() token.Pos      { return s.Lbrace }
   722  func (s *IfStmt) Pos() token.Pos         { return s.If }
   723  func (s *CaseClause) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Case }
   724  func (s *SwitchStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Switch }
   725  func (s *TypeSwitchStmt) Pos() token.Pos { return s.Switch }
   726  func (s *CommClause) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Case }
   727  func (s *SelectStmt) Pos() token.Pos     { return s.Select }
   728  func (s *ForStmt) Pos() token.Pos        { return s.For }
   729  func (s *RangeStmt) Pos() token.Pos      { return s.For }
   730  
   731  func (s *BadStmt) End() token.Pos  { return s.To }
   732  func (s *DeclStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Decl.End() }
   733  func (s *EmptyStmt) End() token.Pos {
   734  	if s.Implicit {
   735  		return s.Semicolon
   736  	}
   737  	return s.Semicolon + 1 /* len(";") */
   738  }
   739  func (s *LabeledStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Stmt.End() }
   740  func (s *ExprStmt) End() token.Pos    { return s.X.End() }
   741  func (s *SendStmt) End() token.Pos    { return s.Value.End() }
   742  func (s *IncDecStmt) End() token.Pos {
   743  	return s.TokPos + 2 /* len("++") */
   744  }
   745  func (s *AssignStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Rhs[len(s.Rhs)-1].End() }
   746  func (s *GoStmt) End() token.Pos     { return s.Call.End() }
   747  func (s *DeferStmt) End() token.Pos  { return s.Call.End() }
   748  func (s *ReturnStmt) End() token.Pos {
   749  	if n := len(s.Results); n > 0 {
   750  		return s.Results[n-1].End()
   751  	}
   752  	return s.Return + 6 // len("return")
   753  }
   754  func (s *BranchStmt) End() token.Pos {
   755  	if s.Label != nil {
   756  		return s.Label.End()
   757  	}
   758  	return token.Pos(int(s.TokPos) + len(s.Tok.String()))
   759  }
   760  func (s *BlockStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Rbrace + 1 }
   761  func (s *IfStmt) End() token.Pos {
   762  	if s.Else != nil {
   763  		return s.Else.End()
   764  	}
   765  	return s.Body.End()
   766  }
   767  func (s *CaseClause) End() token.Pos {
   768  	if n := len(s.Body); n > 0 {
   769  		return s.Body[n-1].End()
   770  	}
   771  	return s.Colon + 1
   772  }
   773  func (s *SwitchStmt) End() token.Pos     { return s.Body.End() }
   774  func (s *TypeSwitchStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Body.End() }
   775  func (s *CommClause) End() token.Pos {
   776  	if n := len(s.Body); n > 0 {
   777  		return s.Body[n-1].End()
   778  	}
   779  	return s.Colon + 1
   780  }
   781  func (s *SelectStmt) End() token.Pos { return s.Body.End() }
   782  func (s *ForStmt) End() token.Pos    { return s.Body.End() }
   783  func (s *RangeStmt) End() token.Pos  { return s.Body.End() }
   784  
   785  // stmtNode() ensures that only statement nodes can be
   786  // assigned to a Stmt.
   787  //
   788  func (*BadStmt) stmtNode()        {}
   789  func (*DeclStmt) stmtNode()       {}
   790  func (*EmptyStmt) stmtNode()      {}
   791  func (*LabeledStmt) stmtNode()    {}
   792  func (*ExprStmt) stmtNode()       {}
   793  func (*SendStmt) stmtNode()       {}
   794  func (*IncDecStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   795  func (*AssignStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   796  func (*GoStmt) stmtNode()         {}
   797  func (*DeferStmt) stmtNode()      {}
   798  func (*ReturnStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   799  func (*BranchStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   800  func (*BlockStmt) stmtNode()      {}
   801  func (*IfStmt) stmtNode()         {}
   802  func (*CaseClause) stmtNode()     {}
   803  func (*SwitchStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   804  func (*TypeSwitchStmt) stmtNode() {}
   805  func (*CommClause) stmtNode()     {}
   806  func (*SelectStmt) stmtNode()     {}
   807  func (*ForStmt) stmtNode()        {}
   808  func (*RangeStmt) stmtNode()      {}
   809  
   810  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   811  // Declarations
   812  
   813  // A Spec node represents a single (non-parenthesized) import,
   814  // constant, type, or variable declaration.
   815  //
   816  type (
   817  	// The Spec type stands for any of *ImportSpec, *ValueSpec, and *TypeSpec.
   818  	Spec interface {
   819  		Node
   820  		specNode()
   821  	}
   822  
   823  	// An ImportSpec node represents a single package import.
   824  	ImportSpec struct {
   825  		Doc     *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   826  		Name    *Ident        // local package name (including "."); or nil
   827  		Path    *BasicLit     // import path
   828  		Comment *CommentGroup // line comments; or nil
   829  		EndPos  token.Pos     // end of spec (overrides Path.Pos if nonzero)
   830  	}
   831  
   832  	// A ValueSpec node represents a constant or variable declaration
   833  	// (ConstSpec or VarSpec production).
   834  	//
   835  	ValueSpec struct {
   836  		Doc     *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   837  		Names   []*Ident      // value names (len(Names) > 0)
   838  		Type    Expr          // value type; or nil
   839  		Values  []Expr        // initial values; or nil
   840  		Comment *CommentGroup // line comments; or nil
   841  	}
   842  
   843  	// A TypeSpec node represents a type declaration (TypeSpec production).
   844  	TypeSpec struct {
   845  		Doc     *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   846  		Name    *Ident        // type name
   847  		Assign  token.Pos     // position of '=', if any
   848  		Type    Expr          // *Ident, *ParenExpr, *SelectorExpr, *StarExpr, or any of the *XxxTypes
   849  		Comment *CommentGroup // line comments; or nil
   850  	}
   851  )
   852  
   853  // Pos and End implementations for spec nodes.
   854  
   855  func (s *ImportSpec) Pos() token.Pos {
   856  	if s.Name != nil {
   857  		return s.Name.Pos()
   858  	}
   859  	return s.Path.Pos()
   860  }
   861  func (s *ValueSpec) Pos() token.Pos { return s.Names[0].Pos() }
   862  func (s *TypeSpec) Pos() token.Pos  { return s.Name.Pos() }
   863  
   864  func (s *ImportSpec) End() token.Pos {
   865  	if s.EndPos != 0 {
   866  		return s.EndPos
   867  	}
   868  	return s.Path.End()
   869  }
   870  
   871  func (s *ValueSpec) End() token.Pos {
   872  	if n := len(s.Values); n > 0 {
   873  		return s.Values[n-1].End()
   874  	}
   875  	if s.Type != nil {
   876  		return s.Type.End()
   877  	}
   878  	return s.Names[len(s.Names)-1].End()
   879  }
   880  func (s *TypeSpec) End() token.Pos { return s.Type.End() }
   881  
   882  // specNode() ensures that only spec nodes can be
   883  // assigned to a Spec.
   884  //
   885  func (*ImportSpec) specNode() {}
   886  func (*ValueSpec) specNode()  {}
   887  func (*TypeSpec) specNode()   {}
   888  
   889  // A declaration is represented by one of the following declaration nodes.
   890  //
   891  type (
   892  	// A BadDecl node is a placeholder for declarations containing
   893  	// syntax errors for which no correct declaration nodes can be
   894  	// created.
   895  	//
   896  	BadDecl struct {
   897  		From, To token.Pos // position range of bad declaration
   898  	}
   899  
   900  	// A GenDecl node (generic declaration node) represents an import,
   901  	// constant, type or variable declaration. A valid Lparen position
   902  	// (Lparen.IsValid()) indicates a parenthesized declaration.
   903  	//
   904  	// Relationship between Tok value and Specs element type:
   905  	//
   906  	//	token.IMPORT  *ImportSpec
   907  	//	token.CONST   *ValueSpec
   908  	//	token.TYPE    *TypeSpec
   909  	//	token.VAR     *ValueSpec
   910  	//
   911  	GenDecl struct {
   912  		Doc    *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   913  		TokPos token.Pos     // position of Tok
   914  		Tok    token.Token   // IMPORT, CONST, TYPE, VAR
   915  		Lparen token.Pos     // position of '(', if any
   916  		Specs  []Spec
   917  		Rparen token.Pos // position of ')', if any
   918  	}
   919  
   920  	// A FuncDecl node represents a function declaration.
   921  	FuncDecl struct {
   922  		Doc  *CommentGroup // associated documentation; or nil
   923  		Recv *FieldList    // receiver (methods); or nil (functions)
   924  		Name *Ident        // function/method name
   925  		Type *FuncType     // function signature: parameters, results, and position of "func" keyword
   926  		Body *BlockStmt    // function body; or nil for external (non-Go) function
   927  	}
   928  )
   929  
   930  // Pos and End implementations for declaration nodes.
   931  
   932  func (d *BadDecl) Pos() token.Pos  { return d.From }
   933  func (d *GenDecl) Pos() token.Pos  { return d.TokPos }
   934  func (d *FuncDecl) Pos() token.Pos { return d.Type.Pos() }
   935  
   936  func (d *BadDecl) End() token.Pos { return d.To }
   937  func (d *GenDecl) End() token.Pos {
   938  	if d.Rparen.IsValid() {
   939  		return d.Rparen + 1
   940  	}
   941  	return d.Specs[0].End()
   942  }
   943  func (d *FuncDecl) End() token.Pos {
   944  	if d.Body != nil {
   945  		return d.Body.End()
   946  	}
   947  	return d.Type.End()
   948  }
   949  
   950  // declNode() ensures that only declaration nodes can be
   951  // assigned to a Decl.
   952  //
   953  func (*BadDecl) declNode()  {}
   954  func (*GenDecl) declNode()  {}
   955  func (*FuncDecl) declNode() {}
   956  
   957  // ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   958  // Files and packages
   959  
   960  // A File node represents a Go source file.
   961  //
   962  // The Comments list contains all comments in the source file in order of
   963  // appearance, including the comments that are pointed to from other nodes
   964  // via Doc and Comment fields.
   965  //
   966  // For correct printing of source code containing comments (using packages
   967  // go/format and go/printer), special care must be taken to update comments
   968  // when a File's syntax tree is modified: For printing, comments are interspersed
   969  // between tokens based on their position. If syntax tree nodes are
   970  // removed or moved, relevant comments in their vicinity must also be removed
   971  // (from the File.Comments list) or moved accordingly (by updating their
   972  // positions). A CommentMap may be used to facilitate some of these operations.
   973  //
   974  // Whether and how a comment is associated with a node depends on the
   975  // interpretation of the syntax tree by the manipulating program: Except for Doc
   976  // and Comment comments directly associated with nodes, the remaining comments
   977  // are "free-floating" (see also issues #18593, #20744).
   978  //
   979  type File struct {
   980  	Doc        *CommentGroup   // associated documentation; or nil
   981  	Package    token.Pos       // position of "package" keyword
   982  	Name       *Ident          // package name
   983  	Decls      []Decl          // top-level declarations; or nil
   984  	Scope      *Scope          // package scope (this file only)
   985  	Imports    []*ImportSpec   // imports in this file
   986  	Unresolved []*Ident        // unresolved identifiers in this file
   987  	Comments   []*CommentGroup // list of all comments in the source file
   988  }
   989  
   990  func (f *File) Pos() token.Pos { return f.Package }
   991  func (f *File) End() token.Pos {
   992  	if n := len(f.Decls); n > 0 {
   993  		return f.Decls[n-1].End()
   994  	}
   995  	return f.Name.End()
   996  }
   997  
   998  // A Package node represents a set of source files
   999  // collectively building a Go package.
  1000  //
  1001  type Package struct {
  1002  	Name    string             // package name
  1003  	Scope   *Scope             // package scope across all files
  1004  	Imports map[string]*Object // map of package id -> package object
  1005  	Files   map[string]*File   // Go source files by filename
  1006  }
  1007  
  1008  func (p *Package) Pos() token.Pos { return token.NoPos }
  1009  func (p *Package) End() token.Pos { return token.NoPos }
  1010  

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