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Source file src/crypto/x509/root_windows.go

Documentation: crypto/x509

     1  // Copyright 2012 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package x509
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"errors"
     9  	"syscall"
    10  	"unsafe"
    11  )
    12  
    13  // Creates a new *syscall.CertContext representing the leaf certificate in an in-memory
    14  // certificate store containing itself and all of the intermediate certificates specified
    15  // in the opts.Intermediates CertPool.
    16  //
    17  // A pointer to the in-memory store is available in the returned CertContext's Store field.
    18  // The store is automatically freed when the CertContext is freed using
    19  // syscall.CertFreeCertificateContext.
    20  func createStoreContext(leaf *Certificate, opts *VerifyOptions) (*syscall.CertContext, error) {
    21  	var storeCtx *syscall.CertContext
    22  
    23  	leafCtx, err := syscall.CertCreateCertificateContext(syscall.X509_ASN_ENCODING|syscall.PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING, &leaf.Raw[0], uint32(len(leaf.Raw)))
    24  	if err != nil {
    25  		return nil, err
    26  	}
    27  	defer syscall.CertFreeCertificateContext(leafCtx)
    28  
    29  	handle, err := syscall.CertOpenStore(syscall.CERT_STORE_PROV_MEMORY, 0, 0, syscall.CERT_STORE_DEFER_CLOSE_UNTIL_LAST_FREE_FLAG, 0)
    30  	if err != nil {
    31  		return nil, err
    32  	}
    33  	defer syscall.CertCloseStore(handle, 0)
    34  
    35  	err = syscall.CertAddCertificateContextToStore(handle, leafCtx, syscall.CERT_STORE_ADD_ALWAYS, &storeCtx)
    36  	if err != nil {
    37  		return nil, err
    38  	}
    39  
    40  	if opts.Intermediates != nil {
    41  		for _, intermediate := range opts.Intermediates.certs {
    42  			ctx, err := syscall.CertCreateCertificateContext(syscall.X509_ASN_ENCODING|syscall.PKCS_7_ASN_ENCODING, &intermediate.Raw[0], uint32(len(intermediate.Raw)))
    43  			if err != nil {
    44  				return nil, err
    45  			}
    46  
    47  			err = syscall.CertAddCertificateContextToStore(handle, ctx, syscall.CERT_STORE_ADD_ALWAYS, nil)
    48  			syscall.CertFreeCertificateContext(ctx)
    49  			if err != nil {
    50  				return nil, err
    51  			}
    52  		}
    53  	}
    54  
    55  	return storeCtx, nil
    56  }
    57  
    58  // extractSimpleChain extracts the final certificate chain from a CertSimpleChain.
    59  func extractSimpleChain(simpleChain **syscall.CertSimpleChain, count int) (chain []*Certificate, err error) {
    60  	if simpleChain == nil || count == 0 {
    61  		return nil, errors.New("x509: invalid simple chain")
    62  	}
    63  
    64  	simpleChains := (*[1 << 20]*syscall.CertSimpleChain)(unsafe.Pointer(simpleChain))[:]
    65  	lastChain := simpleChains[count-1]
    66  	elements := (*[1 << 20]*syscall.CertChainElement)(unsafe.Pointer(lastChain.Elements))[:]
    67  	for i := 0; i < int(lastChain.NumElements); i++ {
    68  		// Copy the buf, since ParseCertificate does not create its own copy.
    69  		cert := elements[i].CertContext
    70  		encodedCert := (*[1 << 20]byte)(unsafe.Pointer(cert.EncodedCert))[:]
    71  		buf := make([]byte, cert.Length)
    72  		copy(buf, encodedCert[:])
    73  		parsedCert, err := ParseCertificate(buf)
    74  		if err != nil {
    75  			return nil, err
    76  		}
    77  		chain = append(chain, parsedCert)
    78  	}
    79  
    80  	return chain, nil
    81  }
    82  
    83  // checkChainTrustStatus checks the trust status of the certificate chain, translating
    84  // any errors it finds into Go errors in the process.
    85  func checkChainTrustStatus(c *Certificate, chainCtx *syscall.CertChainContext) error {
    86  	if chainCtx.TrustStatus.ErrorStatus != syscall.CERT_TRUST_NO_ERROR {
    87  		status := chainCtx.TrustStatus.ErrorStatus
    88  		switch status {
    89  		case syscall.CERT_TRUST_IS_NOT_TIME_VALID:
    90  			return CertificateInvalidError{c, Expired, ""}
    91  		default:
    92  			return UnknownAuthorityError{c, nil, nil}
    93  		}
    94  	}
    95  	return nil
    96  }
    97  
    98  // checkChainSSLServerPolicy checks that the certificate chain in chainCtx is valid for
    99  // use as a certificate chain for a SSL/TLS server.
   100  func checkChainSSLServerPolicy(c *Certificate, chainCtx *syscall.CertChainContext, opts *VerifyOptions) error {
   101  	servernamep, err := syscall.UTF16PtrFromString(opts.DNSName)
   102  	if err != nil {
   103  		return err
   104  	}
   105  	sslPara := &syscall.SSLExtraCertChainPolicyPara{
   106  		AuthType:   syscall.AUTHTYPE_SERVER,
   107  		ServerName: servernamep,
   108  	}
   109  	sslPara.Size = uint32(unsafe.Sizeof(*sslPara))
   110  
   111  	para := &syscall.CertChainPolicyPara{
   112  		ExtraPolicyPara: (syscall.Pointer)(unsafe.Pointer(sslPara)),
   113  	}
   114  	para.Size = uint32(unsafe.Sizeof(*para))
   115  
   116  	status := syscall.CertChainPolicyStatus{}
   117  	err = syscall.CertVerifyCertificateChainPolicy(syscall.CERT_CHAIN_POLICY_SSL, chainCtx, para, &status)
   118  	if err != nil {
   119  		return err
   120  	}
   121  
   122  	// TODO(mkrautz): use the lChainIndex and lElementIndex fields
   123  	// of the CertChainPolicyStatus to provide proper context, instead
   124  	// using c.
   125  	if status.Error != 0 {
   126  		switch status.Error {
   127  		case syscall.CERT_E_EXPIRED:
   128  			return CertificateInvalidError{c, Expired, ""}
   129  		case syscall.CERT_E_CN_NO_MATCH:
   130  			return HostnameError{c, opts.DNSName}
   131  		case syscall.CERT_E_UNTRUSTEDROOT:
   132  			return UnknownAuthorityError{c, nil, nil}
   133  		default:
   134  			return UnknownAuthorityError{c, nil, nil}
   135  		}
   136  	}
   137  
   138  	return nil
   139  }
   140  
   141  // systemVerify is like Verify, except that it uses CryptoAPI calls
   142  // to build certificate chains and verify them.
   143  func (c *Certificate) systemVerify(opts *VerifyOptions) (chains [][]*Certificate, err error) {
   144  	hasDNSName := opts != nil && len(opts.DNSName) > 0
   145  
   146  	storeCtx, err := createStoreContext(c, opts)
   147  	if err != nil {
   148  		return nil, err
   149  	}
   150  	defer syscall.CertFreeCertificateContext(storeCtx)
   151  
   152  	para := new(syscall.CertChainPara)
   153  	para.Size = uint32(unsafe.Sizeof(*para))
   154  
   155  	// If there's a DNSName set in opts, assume we're verifying
   156  	// a certificate from a TLS server.
   157  	if hasDNSName {
   158  		oids := []*byte{
   159  			&syscall.OID_PKIX_KP_SERVER_AUTH[0],
   160  			// Both IE and Chrome allow certificates with
   161  			// Server Gated Crypto as well. Some certificates
   162  			// in the wild require them.
   163  			&syscall.OID_SERVER_GATED_CRYPTO[0],
   164  			&syscall.OID_SGC_NETSCAPE[0],
   165  		}
   166  		para.RequestedUsage.Type = syscall.USAGE_MATCH_TYPE_OR
   167  		para.RequestedUsage.Usage.Length = uint32(len(oids))
   168  		para.RequestedUsage.Usage.UsageIdentifiers = &oids[0]
   169  	} else {
   170  		para.RequestedUsage.Type = syscall.USAGE_MATCH_TYPE_AND
   171  		para.RequestedUsage.Usage.Length = 0
   172  		para.RequestedUsage.Usage.UsageIdentifiers = nil
   173  	}
   174  
   175  	var verifyTime *syscall.Filetime
   176  	if opts != nil && !opts.CurrentTime.IsZero() {
   177  		ft := syscall.NsecToFiletime(opts.CurrentTime.UnixNano())
   178  		verifyTime = &ft
   179  	}
   180  
   181  	// CertGetCertificateChain will traverse Windows's root stores
   182  	// in an attempt to build a verified certificate chain. Once
   183  	// it has found a verified chain, it stops. MSDN docs on
   184  	// CERT_CHAIN_CONTEXT:
   185  	//
   186  	//   When a CERT_CHAIN_CONTEXT is built, the first simple chain
   187  	//   begins with an end certificate and ends with a self-signed
   188  	//   certificate. If that self-signed certificate is not a root
   189  	//   or otherwise trusted certificate, an attempt is made to
   190  	//   build a new chain. CTLs are used to create the new chain
   191  	//   beginning with the self-signed certificate from the original
   192  	//   chain as the end certificate of the new chain. This process
   193  	//   continues building additional simple chains until the first
   194  	//   self-signed certificate is a trusted certificate or until
   195  	//   an additional simple chain cannot be built.
   196  	//
   197  	// The result is that we'll only get a single trusted chain to
   198  	// return to our caller.
   199  	var chainCtx *syscall.CertChainContext
   200  	err = syscall.CertGetCertificateChain(syscall.Handle(0), storeCtx, verifyTime, storeCtx.Store, para, 0, 0, &chainCtx)
   201  	if err != nil {
   202  		return nil, err
   203  	}
   204  	defer syscall.CertFreeCertificateChain(chainCtx)
   205  
   206  	err = checkChainTrustStatus(c, chainCtx)
   207  	if err != nil {
   208  		return nil, err
   209  	}
   210  
   211  	if hasDNSName {
   212  		err = checkChainSSLServerPolicy(c, chainCtx, opts)
   213  		if err != nil {
   214  			return nil, err
   215  		}
   216  	}
   217  
   218  	chain, err := extractSimpleChain(chainCtx.Chains, int(chainCtx.ChainCount))
   219  	if err != nil {
   220  		return nil, err
   221  	}
   222  
   223  	chains = append(chains, chain)
   224  
   225  	return chains, nil
   226  }
   227  
   228  func loadSystemRoots() (*CertPool, error) {
   229  	// TODO: restore this functionality on Windows. We tried to do
   230  	// it in Go 1.8 but had to revert it. See Issue 18609.
   231  	// Returning (nil, nil) was the old behavior, prior to CL 30578.
   232  	return nil, nil
   233  
   234  	const CRYPT_E_NOT_FOUND = 0x80092004
   235  
   236  	store, err := syscall.CertOpenSystemStore(0, syscall.StringToUTF16Ptr("ROOT"))
   237  	if err != nil {
   238  		return nil, err
   239  	}
   240  	defer syscall.CertCloseStore(store, 0)
   241  
   242  	roots := NewCertPool()
   243  	var cert *syscall.CertContext
   244  	for {
   245  		cert, err = syscall.CertEnumCertificatesInStore(store, cert)
   246  		if err != nil {
   247  			if errno, ok := err.(syscall.Errno); ok {
   248  				if errno == CRYPT_E_NOT_FOUND {
   249  					break
   250  				}
   251  			}
   252  			return nil, err
   253  		}
   254  		if cert == nil {
   255  			break
   256  		}
   257  		// Copy the buf, since ParseCertificate does not create its own copy.
   258  		buf := (*[1 << 20]byte)(unsafe.Pointer(cert.EncodedCert))[:]
   259  		buf2 := make([]byte, cert.Length)
   260  		copy(buf2, buf)
   261  		if c, err := ParseCertificate(buf2); err == nil {
   262  			roots.AddCert(c)
   263  		}
   264  	}
   265  	return roots, nil
   266  }
   267  

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