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Source file src/crypto/tls/tls.go

Documentation: crypto/tls

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package tls partially implements TLS 1.2, as specified in RFC 5246,
     6  // and TLS 1.3, as specified in RFC 8446.
     7  package tls
     8  
     9  // BUG(agl): The crypto/tls package only implements some countermeasures
    10  // against Lucky13 attacks on CBC-mode encryption, and only on SHA1
    11  // variants. See http://www.isg.rhul.ac.uk/tls/TLStiming.pdf and
    12  // https://www.imperialviolet.org/2013/02/04/luckythirteen.html.
    13  
    14  import (
    15  	"bytes"
    16  	"context"
    17  	"crypto"
    18  	"crypto/ecdsa"
    19  	"crypto/ed25519"
    20  	"crypto/rsa"
    21  	"crypto/x509"
    22  	"encoding/pem"
    23  	"errors"
    24  	"fmt"
    25  	"io/ioutil"
    26  	"net"
    27  	"strings"
    28  	"time"
    29  )
    30  
    31  // Server returns a new TLS server side connection
    32  // using conn as the underlying transport.
    33  // The configuration config must be non-nil and must include
    34  // at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.
    35  func Server(conn net.Conn, config *Config) *Conn {
    36  	c := &Conn{
    37  		conn:   conn,
    38  		config: config,
    39  	}
    40  	c.handshakeFn = c.serverHandshake
    41  	return c
    42  }
    43  
    44  // Client returns a new TLS client side connection
    45  // using conn as the underlying transport.
    46  // The config cannot be nil: users must set either ServerName or
    47  // InsecureSkipVerify in the config.
    48  func Client(conn net.Conn, config *Config) *Conn {
    49  	c := &Conn{
    50  		conn:     conn,
    51  		config:   config,
    52  		isClient: true,
    53  	}
    54  	c.handshakeFn = c.clientHandshake
    55  	return c
    56  }
    57  
    58  // A listener implements a network listener (net.Listener) for TLS connections.
    59  type listener struct {
    60  	net.Listener
    61  	config *Config
    62  }
    63  
    64  // Accept waits for and returns the next incoming TLS connection.
    65  // The returned connection is of type *Conn.
    66  func (l *listener) Accept() (net.Conn, error) {
    67  	c, err := l.Listener.Accept()
    68  	if err != nil {
    69  		return nil, err
    70  	}
    71  	return Server(c, l.config), nil
    72  }
    73  
    74  // NewListener creates a Listener which accepts connections from an inner
    75  // Listener and wraps each connection with Server.
    76  // The configuration config must be non-nil and must include
    77  // at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.
    78  func NewListener(inner net.Listener, config *Config) net.Listener {
    79  	l := new(listener)
    80  	l.Listener = inner
    81  	l.config = config
    82  	return l
    83  }
    84  
    85  // Listen creates a TLS listener accepting connections on the
    86  // given network address using net.Listen.
    87  // The configuration config must be non-nil and must include
    88  // at least one certificate or else set GetCertificate.
    89  func Listen(network, laddr string, config *Config) (net.Listener, error) {
    90  	if config == nil || len(config.Certificates) == 0 &&
    91  		config.GetCertificate == nil && config.GetConfigForClient == nil {
    92  		return nil, errors.New("tls: neither Certificates, GetCertificate, nor GetConfigForClient set in Config")
    93  	}
    94  	l, err := net.Listen(network, laddr)
    95  	if err != nil {
    96  		return nil, err
    97  	}
    98  	return NewListener(l, config), nil
    99  }
   100  
   101  type timeoutError struct{}
   102  
   103  func (timeoutError) Error() string   { return "tls: DialWithDialer timed out" }
   104  func (timeoutError) Timeout() bool   { return true }
   105  func (timeoutError) Temporary() bool { return true }
   106  
   107  // DialWithDialer connects to the given network address using dialer.Dial and
   108  // then initiates a TLS handshake, returning the resulting TLS connection. Any
   109  // timeout or deadline given in the dialer apply to connection and TLS
   110  // handshake as a whole.
   111  //
   112  // DialWithDialer interprets a nil configuration as equivalent to the zero
   113  // configuration; see the documentation of Config for the defaults.
   114  func DialWithDialer(dialer *net.Dialer, network, addr string, config *Config) (*Conn, error) {
   115  	return dial(context.Background(), dialer, network, addr, config)
   116  }
   117  
   118  func dial(ctx context.Context, netDialer *net.Dialer, network, addr string, config *Config) (*Conn, error) {
   119  	// We want the Timeout and Deadline values from dialer to cover the
   120  	// whole process: TCP connection and TLS handshake. This means that we
   121  	// also need to start our own timers now.
   122  	timeout := netDialer.Timeout
   123  
   124  	if !netDialer.Deadline.IsZero() {
   125  		deadlineTimeout := time.Until(netDialer.Deadline)
   126  		if timeout == 0 || deadlineTimeout < timeout {
   127  			timeout = deadlineTimeout
   128  		}
   129  	}
   130  
   131  	// hsErrCh is non-nil if we might not wait for Handshake to complete.
   132  	var hsErrCh chan error
   133  	if timeout != 0 || ctx.Done() != nil {
   134  		hsErrCh = make(chan error, 2)
   135  	}
   136  	if timeout != 0 {
   137  		timer := time.AfterFunc(timeout, func() {
   138  			hsErrCh <- timeoutError{}
   139  		})
   140  		defer timer.Stop()
   141  	}
   142  
   143  	rawConn, err := netDialer.DialContext(ctx, network, addr)
   144  	if err != nil {
   145  		return nil, err
   146  	}
   147  
   148  	colonPos := strings.LastIndex(addr, ":")
   149  	if colonPos == -1 {
   150  		colonPos = len(addr)
   151  	}
   152  	hostname := addr[:colonPos]
   153  
   154  	if config == nil {
   155  		config = defaultConfig()
   156  	}
   157  	// If no ServerName is set, infer the ServerName
   158  	// from the hostname we're connecting to.
   159  	if config.ServerName == "" {
   160  		// Make a copy to avoid polluting argument or default.
   161  		c := config.Clone()
   162  		c.ServerName = hostname
   163  		config = c
   164  	}
   165  
   166  	conn := Client(rawConn, config)
   167  
   168  	if hsErrCh == nil {
   169  		err = conn.Handshake()
   170  	} else {
   171  		go func() {
   172  			hsErrCh <- conn.Handshake()
   173  		}()
   174  
   175  		select {
   176  		case <-ctx.Done():
   177  			err = ctx.Err()
   178  		case err = <-hsErrCh:
   179  			if err != nil {
   180  				// If the error was due to the context
   181  				// closing, prefer the context's error, rather
   182  				// than some random network teardown error.
   183  				if e := ctx.Err(); e != nil {
   184  					err = e
   185  				}
   186  			}
   187  		}
   188  	}
   189  
   190  	if err != nil {
   191  		rawConn.Close()
   192  		return nil, err
   193  	}
   194  
   195  	return conn, nil
   196  }
   197  
   198  // Dial connects to the given network address using net.Dial
   199  // and then initiates a TLS handshake, returning the resulting
   200  // TLS connection.
   201  // Dial interprets a nil configuration as equivalent to
   202  // the zero configuration; see the documentation of Config
   203  // for the defaults.
   204  func Dial(network, addr string, config *Config) (*Conn, error) {
   205  	return DialWithDialer(new(net.Dialer), network, addr, config)
   206  }
   207  
   208  // Dialer dials TLS connections given a configuration and a Dialer for the
   209  // underlying connection.
   210  type Dialer struct {
   211  	// NetDialer is the optional dialer to use for the TLS connections'
   212  	// underlying TCP connections.
   213  	// A nil NetDialer is equivalent to the net.Dialer zero value.
   214  	NetDialer *net.Dialer
   215  
   216  	// Config is the TLS configuration to use for new connections.
   217  	// A nil configuration is equivalent to the zero
   218  	// configuration; see the documentation of Config for the
   219  	// defaults.
   220  	Config *Config
   221  }
   222  
   223  // Dial connects to the given network address and initiates a TLS
   224  // handshake, returning the resulting TLS connection.
   225  //
   226  // The returned Conn, if any, will always be of type *Conn.
   227  func (d *Dialer) Dial(network, addr string) (net.Conn, error) {
   228  	return d.DialContext(context.Background(), network, addr)
   229  }
   230  
   231  func (d *Dialer) netDialer() *net.Dialer {
   232  	if d.NetDialer != nil {
   233  		return d.NetDialer
   234  	}
   235  	return new(net.Dialer)
   236  }
   237  
   238  // DialContext connects to the given network address and initiates a TLS
   239  // handshake, returning the resulting TLS connection.
   240  //
   241  // The provided Context must be non-nil. If the context expires before
   242  // the connection is complete, an error is returned. Once successfully
   243  // connected, any expiration of the context will not affect the
   244  // connection.
   245  //
   246  // The returned Conn, if any, will always be of type *Conn.
   247  func (d *Dialer) DialContext(ctx context.Context, network, addr string) (net.Conn, error) {
   248  	c, err := dial(ctx, d.netDialer(), network, addr, d.Config)
   249  	if err != nil {
   250  		// Don't return c (a typed nil) in an interface.
   251  		return nil, err
   252  	}
   253  	return c, nil
   254  }
   255  
   256  // LoadX509KeyPair reads and parses a public/private key pair from a pair
   257  // of files. The files must contain PEM encoded data. The certificate file
   258  // may contain intermediate certificates following the leaf certificate to
   259  // form a certificate chain. On successful return, Certificate.Leaf will
   260  // be nil because the parsed form of the certificate is not retained.
   261  func LoadX509KeyPair(certFile, keyFile string) (Certificate, error) {
   262  	certPEMBlock, err := ioutil.ReadFile(certFile)
   263  	if err != nil {
   264  		return Certificate{}, err
   265  	}
   266  	keyPEMBlock, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyFile)
   267  	if err != nil {
   268  		return Certificate{}, err
   269  	}
   270  	return X509KeyPair(certPEMBlock, keyPEMBlock)
   271  }
   272  
   273  // X509KeyPair parses a public/private key pair from a pair of
   274  // PEM encoded data. On successful return, Certificate.Leaf will be nil because
   275  // the parsed form of the certificate is not retained.
   276  func X509KeyPair(certPEMBlock, keyPEMBlock []byte) (Certificate, error) {
   277  	fail := func(err error) (Certificate, error) { return Certificate{}, err }
   278  
   279  	var cert Certificate
   280  	var skippedBlockTypes []string
   281  	for {
   282  		var certDERBlock *pem.Block
   283  		certDERBlock, certPEMBlock = pem.Decode(certPEMBlock)
   284  		if certDERBlock == nil {
   285  			break
   286  		}
   287  		if certDERBlock.Type == "CERTIFICATE" {
   288  			cert.Certificate = append(cert.Certificate, certDERBlock.Bytes)
   289  		} else {
   290  			skippedBlockTypes = append(skippedBlockTypes, certDERBlock.Type)
   291  		}
   292  	}
   293  
   294  	if len(cert.Certificate) == 0 {
   295  		if len(skippedBlockTypes) == 0 {
   296  			return fail(errors.New("tls: failed to find any PEM data in certificate input"))
   297  		}
   298  		if len(skippedBlockTypes) == 1 && strings.HasSuffix(skippedBlockTypes[0], "PRIVATE KEY") {
   299  			return fail(errors.New("tls: failed to find certificate PEM data in certificate input, but did find a private key; PEM inputs may have been switched"))
   300  		}
   301  		return fail(fmt.Errorf("tls: failed to find \"CERTIFICATE\" PEM block in certificate input after skipping PEM blocks of the following types: %v", skippedBlockTypes))
   302  	}
   303  
   304  	skippedBlockTypes = skippedBlockTypes[:0]
   305  	var keyDERBlock *pem.Block
   306  	for {
   307  		keyDERBlock, keyPEMBlock = pem.Decode(keyPEMBlock)
   308  		if keyDERBlock == nil {
   309  			if len(skippedBlockTypes) == 0 {
   310  				return fail(errors.New("tls: failed to find any PEM data in key input"))
   311  			}
   312  			if len(skippedBlockTypes) == 1 && skippedBlockTypes[0] == "CERTIFICATE" {
   313  				return fail(errors.New("tls: found a certificate rather than a key in the PEM for the private key"))
   314  			}
   315  			return fail(fmt.Errorf("tls: failed to find PEM block with type ending in \"PRIVATE KEY\" in key input after skipping PEM blocks of the following types: %v", skippedBlockTypes))
   316  		}
   317  		if keyDERBlock.Type == "PRIVATE KEY" || strings.HasSuffix(keyDERBlock.Type, " PRIVATE KEY") {
   318  			break
   319  		}
   320  		skippedBlockTypes = append(skippedBlockTypes, keyDERBlock.Type)
   321  	}
   322  
   323  	// We don't need to parse the public key for TLS, but we so do anyway
   324  	// to check that it looks sane and matches the private key.
   325  	x509Cert, err := x509.ParseCertificate(cert.Certificate[0])
   326  	if err != nil {
   327  		return fail(err)
   328  	}
   329  
   330  	cert.PrivateKey, err = parsePrivateKey(keyDERBlock.Bytes)
   331  	if err != nil {
   332  		return fail(err)
   333  	}
   334  
   335  	switch pub := x509Cert.PublicKey.(type) {
   336  	case *rsa.PublicKey:
   337  		priv, ok := cert.PrivateKey.(*rsa.PrivateKey)
   338  		if !ok {
   339  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key type does not match public key type"))
   340  		}
   341  		if pub.N.Cmp(priv.N) != 0 {
   342  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key does not match public key"))
   343  		}
   344  	case *ecdsa.PublicKey:
   345  		priv, ok := cert.PrivateKey.(*ecdsa.PrivateKey)
   346  		if !ok {
   347  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key type does not match public key type"))
   348  		}
   349  		if pub.X.Cmp(priv.X) != 0 || pub.Y.Cmp(priv.Y) != 0 {
   350  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key does not match public key"))
   351  		}
   352  	case ed25519.PublicKey:
   353  		priv, ok := cert.PrivateKey.(ed25519.PrivateKey)
   354  		if !ok {
   355  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key type does not match public key type"))
   356  		}
   357  		if !bytes.Equal(priv.Public().(ed25519.PublicKey), pub) {
   358  			return fail(errors.New("tls: private key does not match public key"))
   359  		}
   360  	default:
   361  		return fail(errors.New("tls: unknown public key algorithm"))
   362  	}
   363  
   364  	return cert, nil
   365  }
   366  
   367  // Attempt to parse the given private key DER block. OpenSSL 0.9.8 generates
   368  // PKCS #1 private keys by default, while OpenSSL 1.0.0 generates PKCS #8 keys.
   369  // OpenSSL ecparam generates SEC1 EC private keys for ECDSA. We try all three.
   370  func parsePrivateKey(der []byte) (crypto.PrivateKey, error) {
   371  	if key, err := x509.ParsePKCS1PrivateKey(der); err == nil {
   372  		return key, nil
   373  	}
   374  	if key, err := x509.ParsePKCS8PrivateKey(der); err == nil {
   375  		switch key := key.(type) {
   376  		case *rsa.PrivateKey, *ecdsa.PrivateKey, ed25519.PrivateKey:
   377  			return key, nil
   378  		default:
   379  			return nil, errors.New("tls: found unknown private key type in PKCS#8 wrapping")
   380  		}
   381  	}
   382  	if key, err := x509.ParseECPrivateKey(der); err == nil {
   383  		return key, nil
   384  	}
   385  
   386  	return nil, errors.New("tls: failed to parse private key")
   387  }
   388  

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