Source file src/compress/gzip/gunzip.go

Documentation: compress/gzip

     1  // Copyright 2009 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  // Package gzip implements reading and writing of gzip format compressed files,
     6  // as specified in RFC 1952.
     7  package gzip
     8  
     9  import (
    10  	"bufio"
    11  	"compress/flate"
    12  	"encoding/binary"
    13  	"errors"
    14  	"hash/crc32"
    15  	"io"
    16  	"time"
    17  )
    18  
    19  const (
    20  	gzipID1     = 0x1f
    21  	gzipID2     = 0x8b
    22  	gzipDeflate = 8
    23  	flagText    = 1 << 0
    24  	flagHdrCrc  = 1 << 1
    25  	flagExtra   = 1 << 2
    26  	flagName    = 1 << 3
    27  	flagComment = 1 << 4
    28  )
    29  
    30  var (
    31  	// ErrChecksum is returned when reading GZIP data that has an invalid checksum.
    32  	ErrChecksum = errors.New("gzip: invalid checksum")
    33  	// ErrHeader is returned when reading GZIP data that has an invalid header.
    34  	ErrHeader = errors.New("gzip: invalid header")
    35  )
    36  
    37  var le = binary.LittleEndian
    38  
    39  // noEOF converts io.EOF to io.ErrUnexpectedEOF.
    40  func noEOF(err error) error {
    41  	if err == io.EOF {
    42  		return io.ErrUnexpectedEOF
    43  	}
    44  	return err
    45  }
    46  
    47  // The gzip file stores a header giving metadata about the compressed file.
    48  // That header is exposed as the fields of the Writer and Reader structs.
    49  //
    50  // Strings must be UTF-8 encoded and may only contain Unicode code points
    51  // U+0001 through U+00FF, due to limitations of the GZIP file format.
    52  type Header struct {
    53  	Comment string    // comment
    54  	Extra   []byte    // "extra data"
    55  	ModTime time.Time // modification time
    56  	Name    string    // file name
    57  	OS      byte      // operating system type
    58  }
    59  
    60  // A Reader is an io.Reader that can be read to retrieve
    61  // uncompressed data from a gzip-format compressed file.
    62  //
    63  // In general, a gzip file can be a concatenation of gzip files,
    64  // each with its own header. Reads from the Reader
    65  // return the concatenation of the uncompressed data of each.
    66  // Only the first header is recorded in the Reader fields.
    67  //
    68  // Gzip files store a length and checksum of the uncompressed data.
    69  // The Reader will return an ErrChecksum when Read
    70  // reaches the end of the uncompressed data if it does not
    71  // have the expected length or checksum. Clients should treat data
    72  // returned by Read as tentative until they receive the io.EOF
    73  // marking the end of the data.
    74  type Reader struct {
    75  	Header       // valid after NewReader or Reader.Reset
    76  	r            flate.Reader
    77  	decompressor io.ReadCloser
    78  	digest       uint32 // CRC-32, IEEE polynomial (section 8)
    79  	size         uint32 // Uncompressed size (section 2.3.1)
    80  	buf          [512]byte
    81  	err          error
    82  	multistream  bool
    83  }
    84  
    85  // NewReader creates a new Reader reading the given reader.
    86  // If r does not also implement io.ByteReader,
    87  // the decompressor may read more data than necessary from r.
    88  //
    89  // It is the caller's responsibility to call Close on the Reader when done.
    90  //
    91  // The Reader.Header fields will be valid in the Reader returned.
    92  func NewReader(r io.Reader) (*Reader, error) {
    93  	z := new(Reader)
    94  	if err := z.Reset(r); err != nil {
    95  		return nil, err
    96  	}
    97  	return z, nil
    98  }
    99  
   100  // Reset discards the Reader z's state and makes it equivalent to the
   101  // result of its original state from NewReader, but reading from r instead.
   102  // This permits reusing a Reader rather than allocating a new one.
   103  func (z *Reader) Reset(r io.Reader) error {
   104  	*z = Reader{
   105  		decompressor: z.decompressor,
   106  		multistream:  true,
   107  	}
   108  	if rr, ok := r.(flate.Reader); ok {
   109  		z.r = rr
   110  	} else {
   111  		z.r = bufio.NewReader(r)
   112  	}
   113  	z.Header, z.err = z.readHeader()
   114  	return z.err
   115  }
   116  
   117  // Multistream controls whether the reader supports multistream files.
   118  //
   119  // If enabled (the default), the Reader expects the input to be a sequence
   120  // of individually gzipped data streams, each with its own header and
   121  // trailer, ending at EOF. The effect is that the concatenation of a sequence
   122  // of gzipped files is treated as equivalent to the gzip of the concatenation
   123  // of the sequence. This is standard behavior for gzip readers.
   124  //
   125  // Calling Multistream(false) disables this behavior; disabling the behavior
   126  // can be useful when reading file formats that distinguish individual gzip
   127  // data streams or mix gzip data streams with other data streams.
   128  // In this mode, when the Reader reaches the end of the data stream,
   129  // Read returns io.EOF. The underlying reader must implement io.ByteReader
   130  // in order to be left positioned just after the gzip stream.
   131  // To start the next stream, call z.Reset(r) followed by z.Multistream(false).
   132  // If there is no next stream, z.Reset(r) will return io.EOF.
   133  func (z *Reader) Multistream(ok bool) {
   134  	z.multistream = ok
   135  }
   136  
   137  // readString reads a NUL-terminated string from z.r.
   138  // It treats the bytes read as being encoded as ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) and
   139  // will output a string encoded using UTF-8.
   140  // This method always updates z.digest with the data read.
   141  func (z *Reader) readString() (string, error) {
   142  	var err error
   143  	needConv := false
   144  	for i := 0; ; i++ {
   145  		if i >= len(z.buf) {
   146  			return "", ErrHeader
   147  		}
   148  		z.buf[i], err = z.r.ReadByte()
   149  		if err != nil {
   150  			return "", err
   151  		}
   152  		if z.buf[i] > 0x7f {
   153  			needConv = true
   154  		}
   155  		if z.buf[i] == 0 {
   156  			// Digest covers the NUL terminator.
   157  			z.digest = crc32.Update(z.digest, crc32.IEEETable, z.buf[:i+1])
   158  
   159  			// Strings are ISO 8859-1, Latin-1 (RFC 1952, section 2.3.1).
   160  			if needConv {
   161  				s := make([]rune, 0, i)
   162  				for _, v := range z.buf[:i] {
   163  					s = append(s, rune(v))
   164  				}
   165  				return string(s), nil
   166  			}
   167  			return string(z.buf[:i]), nil
   168  		}
   169  	}
   170  }
   171  
   172  // readHeader reads the GZIP header according to section 2.3.1.
   173  // This method does not set z.err.
   174  func (z *Reader) readHeader() (hdr Header, err error) {
   175  	if _, err = io.ReadFull(z.r, z.buf[:10]); err != nil {
   176  		// RFC 1952, section 2.2, says the following:
   177  		//	A gzip file consists of a series of "members" (compressed data sets).
   178  		//
   179  		// Other than this, the specification does not clarify whether a
   180  		// "series" is defined as "one or more" or "zero or more". To err on the
   181  		// side of caution, Go interprets this to mean "zero or more".
   182  		// Thus, it is okay to return io.EOF here.
   183  		return hdr, err
   184  	}
   185  	if z.buf[0] != gzipID1 || z.buf[1] != gzipID2 || z.buf[2] != gzipDeflate {
   186  		return hdr, ErrHeader
   187  	}
   188  	flg := z.buf[3]
   189  	if t := int64(le.Uint32(z.buf[4:8])); t > 0 {
   190  		// Section 2.3.1, the zero value for MTIME means that the
   191  		// modified time is not set.
   192  		hdr.ModTime = time.Unix(t, 0)
   193  	}
   194  	// z.buf[8] is XFL and is currently ignored.
   195  	hdr.OS = z.buf[9]
   196  	z.digest = crc32.ChecksumIEEE(z.buf[:10])
   197  
   198  	if flg&flagExtra != 0 {
   199  		if _, err = io.ReadFull(z.r, z.buf[:2]); err != nil {
   200  			return hdr, noEOF(err)
   201  		}
   202  		z.digest = crc32.Update(z.digest, crc32.IEEETable, z.buf[:2])
   203  		data := make([]byte, le.Uint16(z.buf[:2]))
   204  		if _, err = io.ReadFull(z.r, data); err != nil {
   205  			return hdr, noEOF(err)
   206  		}
   207  		z.digest = crc32.Update(z.digest, crc32.IEEETable, data)
   208  		hdr.Extra = data
   209  	}
   210  
   211  	var s string
   212  	if flg&flagName != 0 {
   213  		if s, err = z.readString(); err != nil {
   214  			return hdr, err
   215  		}
   216  		hdr.Name = s
   217  	}
   218  
   219  	if flg&flagComment != 0 {
   220  		if s, err = z.readString(); err != nil {
   221  			return hdr, err
   222  		}
   223  		hdr.Comment = s
   224  	}
   225  
   226  	if flg&flagHdrCrc != 0 {
   227  		if _, err = io.ReadFull(z.r, z.buf[:2]); err != nil {
   228  			return hdr, noEOF(err)
   229  		}
   230  		digest := le.Uint16(z.buf[:2])
   231  		if digest != uint16(z.digest) {
   232  			return hdr, ErrHeader
   233  		}
   234  	}
   235  
   236  	z.digest = 0
   237  	if z.decompressor == nil {
   238  		z.decompressor = flate.NewReader(z.r)
   239  	} else {
   240  		z.decompressor.(flate.Resetter).Reset(z.r, nil)
   241  	}
   242  	return hdr, nil
   243  }
   244  
   245  // Read implements io.Reader, reading uncompressed bytes from its underlying Reader.
   246  func (z *Reader) Read(p []byte) (n int, err error) {
   247  	if z.err != nil {
   248  		return 0, z.err
   249  	}
   250  
   251  	n, z.err = z.decompressor.Read(p)
   252  	z.digest = crc32.Update(z.digest, crc32.IEEETable, p[:n])
   253  	z.size += uint32(n)
   254  	if z.err != io.EOF {
   255  		// In the normal case we return here.
   256  		return n, z.err
   257  	}
   258  
   259  	// Finished file; check checksum and size.
   260  	if _, err := io.ReadFull(z.r, z.buf[:8]); err != nil {
   261  		z.err = noEOF(err)
   262  		return n, z.err
   263  	}
   264  	digest := le.Uint32(z.buf[:4])
   265  	size := le.Uint32(z.buf[4:8])
   266  	if digest != z.digest || size != z.size {
   267  		z.err = ErrChecksum
   268  		return n, z.err
   269  	}
   270  	z.digest, z.size = 0, 0
   271  
   272  	// File is ok; check if there is another.
   273  	if !z.multistream {
   274  		return n, io.EOF
   275  	}
   276  	z.err = nil // Remove io.EOF
   277  
   278  	if _, z.err = z.readHeader(); z.err != nil {
   279  		return n, z.err
   280  	}
   281  
   282  	// Read from next file, if necessary.
   283  	if n > 0 {
   284  		return n, nil
   285  	}
   286  	return z.Read(p)
   287  }
   288  
   289  // Close closes the Reader. It does not close the underlying io.Reader.
   290  // In order for the GZIP checksum to be verified, the reader must be
   291  // fully consumed until the io.EOF.
   292  func (z *Reader) Close() error { return z.decompressor.Close() }
   293  

View as plain text