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Source file src/cmd/cover/cover.go

Documentation: cmd/cover

     1  // Copyright 2013 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package main
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	"bytes"
     9  	"flag"
    10  	"fmt"
    11  	"go/ast"
    12  	"go/parser"
    13  	"go/token"
    14  	"io"
    15  	"io/ioutil"
    16  	"log"
    17  	"os"
    18  	"sort"
    19  	"strconv"
    20  
    21  	"cmd/internal/edit"
    22  	"cmd/internal/objabi"
    23  )
    24  
    25  const usageMessage = "" +
    26  	`Usage of 'go tool cover':
    27  Given a coverage profile produced by 'go test':
    28  	go test -coverprofile=c.out
    29  
    30  Open a web browser displaying annotated source code:
    31  	go tool cover -html=c.out
    32  
    33  Write out an HTML file instead of launching a web browser:
    34  	go tool cover -html=c.out -o coverage.html
    35  
    36  Display coverage percentages to stdout for each function:
    37  	go tool cover -func=c.out
    38  
    39  Finally, to generate modified source code with coverage annotations
    40  (what go test -cover does):
    41  	go tool cover -mode=set -var=CoverageVariableName program.go
    42  `
    43  
    44  func usage() {
    45  	fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, usageMessage)
    46  	fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "Flags:")
    47  	flag.PrintDefaults()
    48  	fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, "\n  Only one of -html, -func, or -mode may be set.")
    49  	os.Exit(2)
    50  }
    51  
    52  var (
    53  	mode    = flag.String("mode", "", "coverage mode: set, count, atomic")
    54  	varVar  = flag.String("var", "GoCover", "name of coverage variable to generate")
    55  	output  = flag.String("o", "", "file for output; default: stdout")
    56  	htmlOut = flag.String("html", "", "generate HTML representation of coverage profile")
    57  	funcOut = flag.String("func", "", "output coverage profile information for each function")
    58  )
    59  
    60  var profile string // The profile to read; the value of -html or -func
    61  
    62  var counterStmt func(*File, string) string
    63  
    64  const (
    65  	atomicPackagePath = "sync/atomic"
    66  	atomicPackageName = "_cover_atomic_"
    67  )
    68  
    69  func main() {
    70  	objabi.AddVersionFlag()
    71  	flag.Usage = usage
    72  	flag.Parse()
    73  
    74  	// Usage information when no arguments.
    75  	if flag.NFlag() == 0 && flag.NArg() == 0 {
    76  		flag.Usage()
    77  	}
    78  
    79  	err := parseFlags()
    80  	if err != nil {
    81  		fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, err)
    82  		fmt.Fprintln(os.Stderr, `For usage information, run "go tool cover -help"`)
    83  		os.Exit(2)
    84  	}
    85  
    86  	// Generate coverage-annotated source.
    87  	if *mode != "" {
    88  		annotate(flag.Arg(0))
    89  		return
    90  	}
    91  
    92  	// Output HTML or function coverage information.
    93  	if *htmlOut != "" {
    94  		err = htmlOutput(profile, *output)
    95  	} else {
    96  		err = funcOutput(profile, *output)
    97  	}
    98  
    99  	if err != nil {
   100  		fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "cover: %v\n", err)
   101  		os.Exit(2)
   102  	}
   103  }
   104  
   105  // parseFlags sets the profile and counterStmt globals and performs validations.
   106  func parseFlags() error {
   107  	profile = *htmlOut
   108  	if *funcOut != "" {
   109  		if profile != "" {
   110  			return fmt.Errorf("too many options")
   111  		}
   112  		profile = *funcOut
   113  	}
   114  
   115  	// Must either display a profile or rewrite Go source.
   116  	if (profile == "") == (*mode == "") {
   117  		return fmt.Errorf("too many options")
   118  	}
   119  
   120  	if *mode != "" {
   121  		switch *mode {
   122  		case "set":
   123  			counterStmt = setCounterStmt
   124  		case "count":
   125  			counterStmt = incCounterStmt
   126  		case "atomic":
   127  			counterStmt = atomicCounterStmt
   128  		default:
   129  			return fmt.Errorf("unknown -mode %v", *mode)
   130  		}
   131  
   132  		if flag.NArg() == 0 {
   133  			return fmt.Errorf("missing source file")
   134  		} else if flag.NArg() == 1 {
   135  			return nil
   136  		}
   137  	} else if flag.NArg() == 0 {
   138  		return nil
   139  	}
   140  	return fmt.Errorf("too many arguments")
   141  }
   142  
   143  // Block represents the information about a basic block to be recorded in the analysis.
   144  // Note: Our definition of basic block is based on control structures; we don't break
   145  // apart && and ||. We could but it doesn't seem important enough to bother.
   146  type Block struct {
   147  	startByte token.Pos
   148  	endByte   token.Pos
   149  	numStmt   int
   150  }
   151  
   152  // File is a wrapper for the state of a file used in the parser.
   153  // The basic parse tree walker is a method of this type.
   154  type File struct {
   155  	fset    *token.FileSet
   156  	name    string // Name of file.
   157  	astFile *ast.File
   158  	blocks  []Block
   159  	content []byte
   160  	edit    *edit.Buffer
   161  }
   162  
   163  // findText finds text in the original source, starting at pos.
   164  // It correctly skips over comments and assumes it need not
   165  // handle quoted strings.
   166  // It returns a byte offset within f.src.
   167  func (f *File) findText(pos token.Pos, text string) int {
   168  	b := []byte(text)
   169  	start := f.offset(pos)
   170  	i := start
   171  	s := f.content
   172  	for i < len(s) {
   173  		if bytes.HasPrefix(s[i:], b) {
   174  			return i
   175  		}
   176  		if i+2 <= len(s) && s[i] == '/' && s[i+1] == '/' {
   177  			for i < len(s) && s[i] != '\n' {
   178  				i++
   179  			}
   180  			continue
   181  		}
   182  		if i+2 <= len(s) && s[i] == '/' && s[i+1] == '*' {
   183  			for i += 2; ; i++ {
   184  				if i+2 > len(s) {
   185  					return 0
   186  				}
   187  				if s[i] == '*' && s[i+1] == '/' {
   188  					i += 2
   189  					break
   190  				}
   191  			}
   192  			continue
   193  		}
   194  		i++
   195  	}
   196  	return -1
   197  }
   198  
   199  // Visit implements the ast.Visitor interface.
   200  func (f *File) Visit(node ast.Node) ast.Visitor {
   201  	switch n := node.(type) {
   202  	case *ast.BlockStmt:
   203  		// If it's a switch or select, the body is a list of case clauses; don't tag the block itself.
   204  		if len(n.List) > 0 {
   205  			switch n.List[0].(type) {
   206  			case *ast.CaseClause: // switch
   207  				for _, n := range n.List {
   208  					clause := n.(*ast.CaseClause)
   209  					f.addCounters(clause.Colon+1, clause.Colon+1, clause.End(), clause.Body, false)
   210  				}
   211  				return f
   212  			case *ast.CommClause: // select
   213  				for _, n := range n.List {
   214  					clause := n.(*ast.CommClause)
   215  					f.addCounters(clause.Colon+1, clause.Colon+1, clause.End(), clause.Body, false)
   216  				}
   217  				return f
   218  			}
   219  		}
   220  		f.addCounters(n.Lbrace, n.Lbrace+1, n.Rbrace+1, n.List, true) // +1 to step past closing brace.
   221  	case *ast.IfStmt:
   222  		if n.Init != nil {
   223  			ast.Walk(f, n.Init)
   224  		}
   225  		ast.Walk(f, n.Cond)
   226  		ast.Walk(f, n.Body)
   227  		if n.Else == nil {
   228  			return nil
   229  		}
   230  		// The elses are special, because if we have
   231  		//	if x {
   232  		//	} else if y {
   233  		//	}
   234  		// we want to cover the "if y". To do this, we need a place to drop the counter,
   235  		// so we add a hidden block:
   236  		//	if x {
   237  		//	} else {
   238  		//		if y {
   239  		//		}
   240  		//	}
   241  		f.edit.Insert(f.offset(n.Body.End()), "else{")
   242  		elseOffset := f.findText(n.Body.End(), "else")
   243  		if elseOffset < 0 {
   244  			panic("lost else")
   245  		}
   246  		f.edit.Delete(elseOffset, elseOffset+4)
   247  		f.edit.Insert(f.offset(n.Else.End()), "}")
   248  		switch stmt := n.Else.(type) {
   249  		case *ast.IfStmt:
   250  			block := &ast.BlockStmt{
   251  				Lbrace: n.Body.End(), // Start at end of the "if" block so the covered part looks like it starts at the "else".
   252  				List:   []ast.Stmt{stmt},
   253  				Rbrace: stmt.End(),
   254  			}
   255  			n.Else = block
   256  		case *ast.BlockStmt:
   257  			stmt.Lbrace = n.Body.End() // Start at end of the "if" block so the covered part looks like it starts at the "else".
   258  		default:
   259  			panic("unexpected node type in if")
   260  		}
   261  		ast.Walk(f, n.Else)
   262  		return nil
   263  	case *ast.SelectStmt:
   264  		// Don't annotate an empty select - creates a syntax error.
   265  		if n.Body == nil || len(n.Body.List) == 0 {
   266  			return nil
   267  		}
   268  	case *ast.SwitchStmt:
   269  		// Don't annotate an empty switch - creates a syntax error.
   270  		if n.Body == nil || len(n.Body.List) == 0 {
   271  			if n.Init != nil {
   272  				ast.Walk(f, n.Init)
   273  			}
   274  			if n.Tag != nil {
   275  				ast.Walk(f, n.Tag)
   276  			}
   277  			return nil
   278  		}
   279  	case *ast.TypeSwitchStmt:
   280  		// Don't annotate an empty type switch - creates a syntax error.
   281  		if n.Body == nil || len(n.Body.List) == 0 {
   282  			if n.Init != nil {
   283  				ast.Walk(f, n.Init)
   284  			}
   285  			ast.Walk(f, n.Assign)
   286  			return nil
   287  		}
   288  	}
   289  	return f
   290  }
   291  
   292  // unquote returns the unquoted string.
   293  func unquote(s string) string {
   294  	t, err := strconv.Unquote(s)
   295  	if err != nil {
   296  		log.Fatalf("cover: improperly quoted string %q\n", s)
   297  	}
   298  	return t
   299  }
   300  
   301  var slashslash = []byte("//")
   302  
   303  func annotate(name string) {
   304  	fset := token.NewFileSet()
   305  	content, err := ioutil.ReadFile(name)
   306  	if err != nil {
   307  		log.Fatalf("cover: %s: %s", name, err)
   308  	}
   309  	parsedFile, err := parser.ParseFile(fset, name, content, parser.ParseComments)
   310  	if err != nil {
   311  		log.Fatalf("cover: %s: %s", name, err)
   312  	}
   313  
   314  	file := &File{
   315  		fset:    fset,
   316  		name:    name,
   317  		content: content,
   318  		edit:    edit.NewBuffer(content),
   319  		astFile: parsedFile,
   320  	}
   321  	if *mode == "atomic" {
   322  		// Add import of sync/atomic immediately after package clause.
   323  		// We do this even if there is an existing import, because the
   324  		// existing import may be shadowed at any given place we want
   325  		// to refer to it, and our name (_cover_atomic_) is less likely to
   326  		// be shadowed.
   327  		file.edit.Insert(file.offset(file.astFile.Name.End()),
   328  			fmt.Sprintf("; import %s %q", atomicPackageName, atomicPackagePath))
   329  	}
   330  
   331  	ast.Walk(file, file.astFile)
   332  	newContent := file.edit.Bytes()
   333  
   334  	fd := os.Stdout
   335  	if *output != "" {
   336  		var err error
   337  		fd, err = os.Create(*output)
   338  		if err != nil {
   339  			log.Fatalf("cover: %s", err)
   340  		}
   341  	}
   342  
   343  	fmt.Fprintf(fd, "//line %s:1\n", name)
   344  	fd.Write(newContent)
   345  
   346  	// After printing the source tree, add some declarations for the counters etc.
   347  	// We could do this by adding to the tree, but it's easier just to print the text.
   348  	file.addVariables(fd)
   349  }
   350  
   351  // setCounterStmt returns the expression: __count[23] = 1.
   352  func setCounterStmt(f *File, counter string) string {
   353  	return fmt.Sprintf("%s = 1", counter)
   354  }
   355  
   356  // incCounterStmt returns the expression: __count[23]++.
   357  func incCounterStmt(f *File, counter string) string {
   358  	return fmt.Sprintf("%s++", counter)
   359  }
   360  
   361  // atomicCounterStmt returns the expression: atomic.AddUint32(&__count[23], 1)
   362  func atomicCounterStmt(f *File, counter string) string {
   363  	return fmt.Sprintf("%s.AddUint32(&%s, 1)", atomicPackageName, counter)
   364  }
   365  
   366  // newCounter creates a new counter expression of the appropriate form.
   367  func (f *File) newCounter(start, end token.Pos, numStmt int) string {
   368  	stmt := counterStmt(f, fmt.Sprintf("%s.Count[%d]", *varVar, len(f.blocks)))
   369  	f.blocks = append(f.blocks, Block{start, end, numStmt})
   370  	return stmt
   371  }
   372  
   373  // addCounters takes a list of statements and adds counters to the beginning of
   374  // each basic block at the top level of that list. For instance, given
   375  //
   376  //	S1
   377  //	if cond {
   378  //		S2
   379  // 	}
   380  //	S3
   381  //
   382  // counters will be added before S1 and before S3. The block containing S2
   383  // will be visited in a separate call.
   384  // TODO: Nested simple blocks get unnecessary (but correct) counters
   385  func (f *File) addCounters(pos, insertPos, blockEnd token.Pos, list []ast.Stmt, extendToClosingBrace bool) {
   386  	// Special case: make sure we add a counter to an empty block. Can't do this below
   387  	// or we will add a counter to an empty statement list after, say, a return statement.
   388  	if len(list) == 0 {
   389  		f.edit.Insert(f.offset(insertPos), f.newCounter(insertPos, blockEnd, 0)+";")
   390  		return
   391  	}
   392  	// We have a block (statement list), but it may have several basic blocks due to the
   393  	// appearance of statements that affect the flow of control.
   394  	for {
   395  		// Find first statement that affects flow of control (break, continue, if, etc.).
   396  		// It will be the last statement of this basic block.
   397  		var last int
   398  		end := blockEnd
   399  		for last = 0; last < len(list); last++ {
   400  			stmt := list[last]
   401  			end = f.statementBoundary(stmt)
   402  			if f.endsBasicSourceBlock(stmt) {
   403  				// If it is a labeled statement, we need to place a counter between
   404  				// the label and its statement because it may be the target of a goto
   405  				// and thus start a basic block. That is, given
   406  				//	foo: stmt
   407  				// we need to create
   408  				//	foo: ; stmt
   409  				// and mark the label as a block-terminating statement.
   410  				// The result will then be
   411  				//	foo: COUNTER[n]++; stmt
   412  				// However, we can't do this if the labeled statement is already
   413  				// a control statement, such as a labeled for.
   414  				if label, isLabel := stmt.(*ast.LabeledStmt); isLabel && !f.isControl(label.Stmt) {
   415  					newLabel := *label
   416  					newLabel.Stmt = &ast.EmptyStmt{
   417  						Semicolon: label.Stmt.Pos(),
   418  						Implicit:  true,
   419  					}
   420  					end = label.Pos() // Previous block ends before the label.
   421  					list[last] = &newLabel
   422  					// Open a gap and drop in the old statement, now without a label.
   423  					list = append(list, nil)
   424  					copy(list[last+1:], list[last:])
   425  					list[last+1] = label.Stmt
   426  				}
   427  				last++
   428  				extendToClosingBrace = false // Block is broken up now.
   429  				break
   430  			}
   431  		}
   432  		if extendToClosingBrace {
   433  			end = blockEnd
   434  		}
   435  		if pos != end { // Can have no source to cover if e.g. blocks abut.
   436  			f.edit.Insert(f.offset(insertPos), f.newCounter(pos, end, last)+";")
   437  		}
   438  		list = list[last:]
   439  		if len(list) == 0 {
   440  			break
   441  		}
   442  		pos = list[0].Pos()
   443  		insertPos = pos
   444  	}
   445  }
   446  
   447  // hasFuncLiteral reports the existence and position of the first func literal
   448  // in the node, if any. If a func literal appears, it usually marks the termination
   449  // of a basic block because the function body is itself a block.
   450  // Therefore we draw a line at the start of the body of the first function literal we find.
   451  // TODO: what if there's more than one? Probably doesn't matter much.
   452  func hasFuncLiteral(n ast.Node) (bool, token.Pos) {
   453  	if n == nil {
   454  		return false, 0
   455  	}
   456  	var literal funcLitFinder
   457  	ast.Walk(&literal, n)
   458  	return literal.found(), token.Pos(literal)
   459  }
   460  
   461  // statementBoundary finds the location in s that terminates the current basic
   462  // block in the source.
   463  func (f *File) statementBoundary(s ast.Stmt) token.Pos {
   464  	// Control flow statements are easy.
   465  	switch s := s.(type) {
   466  	case *ast.BlockStmt:
   467  		// Treat blocks like basic blocks to avoid overlapping counters.
   468  		return s.Lbrace
   469  	case *ast.IfStmt:
   470  		found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s.Init)
   471  		if found {
   472  			return pos
   473  		}
   474  		found, pos = hasFuncLiteral(s.Cond)
   475  		if found {
   476  			return pos
   477  		}
   478  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   479  	case *ast.ForStmt:
   480  		found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s.Init)
   481  		if found {
   482  			return pos
   483  		}
   484  		found, pos = hasFuncLiteral(s.Cond)
   485  		if found {
   486  			return pos
   487  		}
   488  		found, pos = hasFuncLiteral(s.Post)
   489  		if found {
   490  			return pos
   491  		}
   492  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   493  	case *ast.LabeledStmt:
   494  		return f.statementBoundary(s.Stmt)
   495  	case *ast.RangeStmt:
   496  		found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s.X)
   497  		if found {
   498  			return pos
   499  		}
   500  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   501  	case *ast.SwitchStmt:
   502  		found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s.Init)
   503  		if found {
   504  			return pos
   505  		}
   506  		found, pos = hasFuncLiteral(s.Tag)
   507  		if found {
   508  			return pos
   509  		}
   510  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   511  	case *ast.SelectStmt:
   512  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   513  	case *ast.TypeSwitchStmt:
   514  		found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s.Init)
   515  		if found {
   516  			return pos
   517  		}
   518  		return s.Body.Lbrace
   519  	}
   520  	// If not a control flow statement, it is a declaration, expression, call, etc. and it may have a function literal.
   521  	// If it does, that's tricky because we want to exclude the body of the function from this block.
   522  	// Draw a line at the start of the body of the first function literal we find.
   523  	// TODO: what if there's more than one? Probably doesn't matter much.
   524  	found, pos := hasFuncLiteral(s)
   525  	if found {
   526  		return pos
   527  	}
   528  	return s.End()
   529  }
   530  
   531  // endsBasicSourceBlock reports whether s changes the flow of control: break, if, etc.,
   532  // or if it's just problematic, for instance contains a function literal, which will complicate
   533  // accounting due to the block-within-an expression.
   534  func (f *File) endsBasicSourceBlock(s ast.Stmt) bool {
   535  	switch s := s.(type) {
   536  	case *ast.BlockStmt:
   537  		// Treat blocks like basic blocks to avoid overlapping counters.
   538  		return true
   539  	case *ast.BranchStmt:
   540  		return true
   541  	case *ast.ForStmt:
   542  		return true
   543  	case *ast.IfStmt:
   544  		return true
   545  	case *ast.LabeledStmt:
   546  		return true // A goto may branch here, starting a new basic block.
   547  	case *ast.RangeStmt:
   548  		return true
   549  	case *ast.SwitchStmt:
   550  		return true
   551  	case *ast.SelectStmt:
   552  		return true
   553  	case *ast.TypeSwitchStmt:
   554  		return true
   555  	case *ast.ExprStmt:
   556  		// Calls to panic change the flow.
   557  		// We really should verify that "panic" is the predefined function,
   558  		// but without type checking we can't and the likelihood of it being
   559  		// an actual problem is vanishingly small.
   560  		if call, ok := s.X.(*ast.CallExpr); ok {
   561  			if ident, ok := call.Fun.(*ast.Ident); ok && ident.Name == "panic" && len(call.Args) == 1 {
   562  				return true
   563  			}
   564  		}
   565  	}
   566  	found, _ := hasFuncLiteral(s)
   567  	return found
   568  }
   569  
   570  // isControl reports whether s is a control statement that, if labeled, cannot be
   571  // separated from its label.
   572  func (f *File) isControl(s ast.Stmt) bool {
   573  	switch s.(type) {
   574  	case *ast.ForStmt, *ast.RangeStmt, *ast.SwitchStmt, *ast.SelectStmt, *ast.TypeSwitchStmt:
   575  		return true
   576  	}
   577  	return false
   578  }
   579  
   580  // funcLitFinder implements the ast.Visitor pattern to find the location of any
   581  // function literal in a subtree.
   582  type funcLitFinder token.Pos
   583  
   584  func (f *funcLitFinder) Visit(node ast.Node) (w ast.Visitor) {
   585  	if f.found() {
   586  		return nil // Prune search.
   587  	}
   588  	switch n := node.(type) {
   589  	case *ast.FuncLit:
   590  		*f = funcLitFinder(n.Body.Lbrace)
   591  		return nil // Prune search.
   592  	}
   593  	return f
   594  }
   595  
   596  func (f *funcLitFinder) found() bool {
   597  	return token.Pos(*f) != token.NoPos
   598  }
   599  
   600  // Sort interface for []block1; used for self-check in addVariables.
   601  
   602  type block1 struct {
   603  	Block
   604  	index int
   605  }
   606  
   607  type blockSlice []block1
   608  
   609  func (b blockSlice) Len() int           { return len(b) }
   610  func (b blockSlice) Less(i, j int) bool { return b[i].startByte < b[j].startByte }
   611  func (b blockSlice) Swap(i, j int)      { b[i], b[j] = b[j], b[i] }
   612  
   613  // offset translates a token position into a 0-indexed byte offset.
   614  func (f *File) offset(pos token.Pos) int {
   615  	return f.fset.Position(pos).Offset
   616  }
   617  
   618  // addVariables adds to the end of the file the declarations to set up the counter and position variables.
   619  func (f *File) addVariables(w io.Writer) {
   620  	// Self-check: Verify that the instrumented basic blocks are disjoint.
   621  	t := make([]block1, len(f.blocks))
   622  	for i := range f.blocks {
   623  		t[i].Block = f.blocks[i]
   624  		t[i].index = i
   625  	}
   626  	sort.Sort(blockSlice(t))
   627  	for i := 1; i < len(t); i++ {
   628  		if t[i-1].endByte > t[i].startByte {
   629  			fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "cover: internal error: block %d overlaps block %d\n", t[i-1].index, t[i].index)
   630  			// Note: error message is in byte positions, not token positions.
   631  			fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "\t%s:#%d,#%d %s:#%d,#%d\n",
   632  				f.name, f.offset(t[i-1].startByte), f.offset(t[i-1].endByte),
   633  				f.name, f.offset(t[i].startByte), f.offset(t[i].endByte))
   634  		}
   635  	}
   636  
   637  	// Declare the coverage struct as a package-level variable.
   638  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\nvar %s = struct {\n", *varVar)
   639  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tCount     [%d]uint32\n", len(f.blocks))
   640  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tPos       [3 * %d]uint32\n", len(f.blocks))
   641  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tNumStmt   [%d]uint16\n", len(f.blocks))
   642  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "} {\n")
   643  
   644  	// Initialize the position array field.
   645  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tPos: [3 * %d]uint32{\n", len(f.blocks))
   646  
   647  	// A nice long list of positions. Each position is encoded as follows to reduce size:
   648  	// - 32-bit starting line number
   649  	// - 32-bit ending line number
   650  	// - (16 bit ending column number << 16) | (16-bit starting column number).
   651  	for i, block := range f.blocks {
   652  		start := f.fset.Position(block.startByte)
   653  		end := f.fset.Position(block.endByte)
   654  		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%d, %d, %#x, // [%d]\n", start.Line, end.Line, (end.Column&0xFFFF)<<16|(start.Column&0xFFFF), i)
   655  	}
   656  
   657  	// Close the position array.
   658  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t},\n")
   659  
   660  	// Initialize the position array field.
   661  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tNumStmt: [%d]uint16{\n", len(f.blocks))
   662  
   663  	// A nice long list of statements-per-block, so we can give a conventional
   664  	// valuation of "percent covered". To save space, it's a 16-bit number, so we
   665  	// clamp it if it overflows - won't matter in practice.
   666  	for i, block := range f.blocks {
   667  		n := block.numStmt
   668  		if n > 1<<16-1 {
   669  			n = 1<<16 - 1
   670  		}
   671  		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\t%d, // %d\n", n, i)
   672  	}
   673  
   674  	// Close the statements-per-block array.
   675  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t},\n")
   676  
   677  	// Close the struct initialization.
   678  	fmt.Fprintf(w, "}\n")
   679  
   680  	// Emit a reference to the atomic package to avoid
   681  	// import and not used error when there's no code in a file.
   682  	if *mode == "atomic" {
   683  		fmt.Fprintf(w, "var _ = %s.LoadUint32\n", atomicPackageName)
   684  	}
   685  }
   686  

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