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Source file src/bufio/scan_test.go

Documentation: bufio

     1  // Copyright 2013 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  package bufio_test
     6  
     7  import (
     8  	. "bufio"
     9  	"bytes"
    10  	"errors"
    11  	"io"
    12  	"strings"
    13  	"testing"
    14  	"unicode"
    15  	"unicode/utf8"
    16  )
    17  
    18  const smallMaxTokenSize = 256 // Much smaller for more efficient testing.
    19  
    20  // Test white space table matches the Unicode definition.
    21  func TestSpace(t *testing.T) {
    22  	for r := rune(0); r <= utf8.MaxRune; r++ {
    23  		if IsSpace(r) != unicode.IsSpace(r) {
    24  			t.Fatalf("white space property disagrees: %#U should be %t", r, unicode.IsSpace(r))
    25  		}
    26  	}
    27  }
    28  
    29  var scanTests = []string{
    30  	"",
    31  	"a",
    32  	"¼",
    33  	"☹",
    34  	"\x81",   // UTF-8 error
    35  	"\uFFFD", // correctly encoded RuneError
    36  	"abcdefgh",
    37  	"abc def\n\t\tgh    ",
    38  	"abc¼☹\x81\uFFFD日本語\x82abc",
    39  }
    40  
    41  func TestScanByte(t *testing.T) {
    42  	for n, test := range scanTests {
    43  		buf := strings.NewReader(test)
    44  		s := NewScanner(buf)
    45  		s.Split(ScanBytes)
    46  		var i int
    47  		for i = 0; s.Scan(); i++ {
    48  			if b := s.Bytes(); len(b) != 1 || b[0] != test[i] {
    49  				t.Errorf("#%d: %d: expected %q got %q", n, i, test, b)
    50  			}
    51  		}
    52  		if i != len(test) {
    53  			t.Errorf("#%d: termination expected at %d; got %d", n, len(test), i)
    54  		}
    55  		err := s.Err()
    56  		if err != nil {
    57  			t.Errorf("#%d: %v", n, err)
    58  		}
    59  	}
    60  }
    61  
    62  // Test that the rune splitter returns same sequence of runes (not bytes) as for range string.
    63  func TestScanRune(t *testing.T) {
    64  	for n, test := range scanTests {
    65  		buf := strings.NewReader(test)
    66  		s := NewScanner(buf)
    67  		s.Split(ScanRunes)
    68  		var i, runeCount int
    69  		var expect rune
    70  		// Use a string range loop to validate the sequence of runes.
    71  		for i, expect = range string(test) {
    72  			if !s.Scan() {
    73  				break
    74  			}
    75  			runeCount++
    76  			got, _ := utf8.DecodeRune(s.Bytes())
    77  			if got != expect {
    78  				t.Errorf("#%d: %d: expected %q got %q", n, i, expect, got)
    79  			}
    80  		}
    81  		if s.Scan() {
    82  			t.Errorf("#%d: scan ran too long, got %q", n, s.Text())
    83  		}
    84  		testRuneCount := utf8.RuneCountInString(test)
    85  		if runeCount != testRuneCount {
    86  			t.Errorf("#%d: termination expected at %d; got %d", n, testRuneCount, runeCount)
    87  		}
    88  		err := s.Err()
    89  		if err != nil {
    90  			t.Errorf("#%d: %v", n, err)
    91  		}
    92  	}
    93  }
    94  
    95  var wordScanTests = []string{
    96  	"",
    97  	" ",
    98  	"\n",
    99  	"a",
   100  	" a ",
   101  	"abc def",
   102  	" abc def ",
   103  	" abc\tdef\nghi\rjkl\fmno\vpqr\u0085stu\u00a0\n",
   104  }
   105  
   106  // Test that the word splitter returns the same data as strings.Fields.
   107  func TestScanWords(t *testing.T) {
   108  	for n, test := range wordScanTests {
   109  		buf := strings.NewReader(test)
   110  		s := NewScanner(buf)
   111  		s.Split(ScanWords)
   112  		words := strings.Fields(test)
   113  		var wordCount int
   114  		for wordCount = 0; wordCount < len(words); wordCount++ {
   115  			if !s.Scan() {
   116  				break
   117  			}
   118  			got := s.Text()
   119  			if got != words[wordCount] {
   120  				t.Errorf("#%d: %d: expected %q got %q", n, wordCount, words[wordCount], got)
   121  			}
   122  		}
   123  		if s.Scan() {
   124  			t.Errorf("#%d: scan ran too long, got %q", n, s.Text())
   125  		}
   126  		if wordCount != len(words) {
   127  			t.Errorf("#%d: termination expected at %d; got %d", n, len(words), wordCount)
   128  		}
   129  		err := s.Err()
   130  		if err != nil {
   131  			t.Errorf("#%d: %v", n, err)
   132  		}
   133  	}
   134  }
   135  
   136  // slowReader is a reader that returns only a few bytes at a time, to test the incremental
   137  // reads in Scanner.Scan.
   138  type slowReader struct {
   139  	max int
   140  	buf io.Reader
   141  }
   142  
   143  func (sr *slowReader) Read(p []byte) (n int, err error) {
   144  	if len(p) > sr.max {
   145  		p = p[0:sr.max]
   146  	}
   147  	return sr.buf.Read(p)
   148  }
   149  
   150  // genLine writes to buf a predictable but non-trivial line of text of length
   151  // n, including the terminal newline and an occasional carriage return.
   152  // If addNewline is false, the \r and \n are not emitted.
   153  func genLine(buf *bytes.Buffer, lineNum, n int, addNewline bool) {
   154  	buf.Reset()
   155  	doCR := lineNum%5 == 0
   156  	if doCR {
   157  		n--
   158  	}
   159  	for i := 0; i < n-1; i++ { // Stop early for \n.
   160  		c := 'a' + byte(lineNum+i)
   161  		if c == '\n' || c == '\r' { // Don't confuse us.
   162  			c = 'N'
   163  		}
   164  		buf.WriteByte(c)
   165  	}
   166  	if addNewline {
   167  		if doCR {
   168  			buf.WriteByte('\r')
   169  		}
   170  		buf.WriteByte('\n')
   171  	}
   172  }
   173  
   174  // Test the line splitter, including some carriage returns but no long lines.
   175  func TestScanLongLines(t *testing.T) {
   176  	// Build a buffer of lots of line lengths up to but not exceeding smallMaxTokenSize.
   177  	tmp := new(bytes.Buffer)
   178  	buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
   179  	lineNum := 0
   180  	j := 0
   181  	for i := 0; i < 2*smallMaxTokenSize; i++ {
   182  		genLine(tmp, lineNum, j, true)
   183  		if j < smallMaxTokenSize {
   184  			j++
   185  		} else {
   186  			j--
   187  		}
   188  		buf.Write(tmp.Bytes())
   189  		lineNum++
   190  	}
   191  	s := NewScanner(&slowReader{1, buf})
   192  	s.Split(ScanLines)
   193  	s.MaxTokenSize(smallMaxTokenSize)
   194  	j = 0
   195  	for lineNum := 0; s.Scan(); lineNum++ {
   196  		genLine(tmp, lineNum, j, false)
   197  		if j < smallMaxTokenSize {
   198  			j++
   199  		} else {
   200  			j--
   201  		}
   202  		line := tmp.String() // We use the string-valued token here, for variety.
   203  		if s.Text() != line {
   204  			t.Errorf("%d: bad line: %d %d\n%.100q\n%.100q\n", lineNum, len(s.Bytes()), len(line), s.Text(), line)
   205  		}
   206  	}
   207  	err := s.Err()
   208  	if err != nil {
   209  		t.Fatal(err)
   210  	}
   211  }
   212  
   213  // Test that the line splitter errors out on a long line.
   214  func TestScanLineTooLong(t *testing.T) {
   215  	const smallMaxTokenSize = 256 // Much smaller for more efficient testing.
   216  	// Build a buffer of lots of line lengths up to but not exceeding smallMaxTokenSize.
   217  	tmp := new(bytes.Buffer)
   218  	buf := new(bytes.Buffer)
   219  	lineNum := 0
   220  	j := 0
   221  	for i := 0; i < 2*smallMaxTokenSize; i++ {
   222  		genLine(tmp, lineNum, j, true)
   223  		j++
   224  		buf.Write(tmp.Bytes())
   225  		lineNum++
   226  	}
   227  	s := NewScanner(&slowReader{3, buf})
   228  	s.Split(ScanLines)
   229  	s.MaxTokenSize(smallMaxTokenSize)
   230  	j = 0
   231  	for lineNum := 0; s.Scan(); lineNum++ {
   232  		genLine(tmp, lineNum, j, false)
   233  		if j < smallMaxTokenSize {
   234  			j++
   235  		} else {
   236  			j--
   237  		}
   238  		line := tmp.Bytes()
   239  		if !bytes.Equal(s.Bytes(), line) {
   240  			t.Errorf("%d: bad line: %d %d\n%.100q\n%.100q\n", lineNum, len(s.Bytes()), len(line), s.Bytes(), line)
   241  		}
   242  	}
   243  	err := s.Err()
   244  	if err != ErrTooLong {
   245  		t.Fatalf("expected ErrTooLong; got %s", err)
   246  	}
   247  }
   248  
   249  // Test that the line splitter handles a final line without a newline.
   250  func testNoNewline(text string, lines []string, t *testing.T) {
   251  	buf := strings.NewReader(text)
   252  	s := NewScanner(&slowReader{7, buf})
   253  	s.Split(ScanLines)
   254  	for lineNum := 0; s.Scan(); lineNum++ {
   255  		line := lines[lineNum]
   256  		if s.Text() != line {
   257  			t.Errorf("%d: bad line: %d %d\n%.100q\n%.100q\n", lineNum, len(s.Bytes()), len(line), s.Bytes(), line)
   258  		}
   259  	}
   260  	err := s.Err()
   261  	if err != nil {
   262  		t.Fatal(err)
   263  	}
   264  }
   265  
   266  // Test that the line splitter handles a final line without a newline.
   267  func TestScanLineNoNewline(t *testing.T) {
   268  	const text = "abcdefghijklmn\nopqrstuvwxyz"
   269  	lines := []string{
   270  		"abcdefghijklmn",
   271  		"opqrstuvwxyz",
   272  	}
   273  	testNoNewline(text, lines, t)
   274  }
   275  
   276  // Test that the line splitter handles a final line with a carriage return but no newline.
   277  func TestScanLineReturnButNoNewline(t *testing.T) {
   278  	const text = "abcdefghijklmn\nopqrstuvwxyz\r"
   279  	lines := []string{
   280  		"abcdefghijklmn",
   281  		"opqrstuvwxyz",
   282  	}
   283  	testNoNewline(text, lines, t)
   284  }
   285  
   286  // Test that the line splitter handles a final empty line.
   287  func TestScanLineEmptyFinalLine(t *testing.T) {
   288  	const text = "abcdefghijklmn\nopqrstuvwxyz\n\n"
   289  	lines := []string{
   290  		"abcdefghijklmn",
   291  		"opqrstuvwxyz",
   292  		"",
   293  	}
   294  	testNoNewline(text, lines, t)
   295  }
   296  
   297  // Test that the line splitter handles a final empty line with a carriage return but no newline.
   298  func TestScanLineEmptyFinalLineWithCR(t *testing.T) {
   299  	const text = "abcdefghijklmn\nopqrstuvwxyz\n\r"
   300  	lines := []string{
   301  		"abcdefghijklmn",
   302  		"opqrstuvwxyz",
   303  		"",
   304  	}
   305  	testNoNewline(text, lines, t)
   306  }
   307  
   308  var testError = errors.New("testError")
   309  
   310  // Test the correct error is returned when the split function errors out.
   311  func TestSplitError(t *testing.T) {
   312  	// Create a split function that delivers a little data, then a predictable error.
   313  	numSplits := 0
   314  	const okCount = 7
   315  	errorSplit := func(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
   316  		if atEOF {
   317  			panic("didn't get enough data")
   318  		}
   319  		if numSplits >= okCount {
   320  			return 0, nil, testError
   321  		}
   322  		numSplits++
   323  		return 1, data[0:1], nil
   324  	}
   325  	// Read the data.
   326  	const text = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
   327  	buf := strings.NewReader(text)
   328  	s := NewScanner(&slowReader{1, buf})
   329  	s.Split(errorSplit)
   330  	var i int
   331  	for i = 0; s.Scan(); i++ {
   332  		if len(s.Bytes()) != 1 || text[i] != s.Bytes()[0] {
   333  			t.Errorf("#%d: expected %q got %q", i, text[i], s.Bytes()[0])
   334  		}
   335  	}
   336  	// Check correct termination location and error.
   337  	if i != okCount {
   338  		t.Errorf("unexpected termination; expected %d tokens got %d", okCount, i)
   339  	}
   340  	err := s.Err()
   341  	if err != testError {
   342  		t.Fatalf("expected %q got %v", testError, err)
   343  	}
   344  }
   345  
   346  // Test that an EOF is overridden by a user-generated scan error.
   347  func TestErrAtEOF(t *testing.T) {
   348  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader("1 2 33"))
   349  	// This splitter will fail on last entry, after s.err==EOF.
   350  	split := func(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
   351  		advance, token, err = ScanWords(data, atEOF)
   352  		if len(token) > 1 {
   353  			if s.ErrOrEOF() != io.EOF {
   354  				t.Fatal("not testing EOF")
   355  			}
   356  			err = testError
   357  		}
   358  		return
   359  	}
   360  	s.Split(split)
   361  	for s.Scan() {
   362  	}
   363  	if s.Err() != testError {
   364  		t.Fatal("wrong error:", s.Err())
   365  	}
   366  }
   367  
   368  // Test for issue 5268.
   369  type alwaysError struct{}
   370  
   371  func (alwaysError) Read(p []byte) (int, error) {
   372  	return 0, io.ErrUnexpectedEOF
   373  }
   374  
   375  func TestNonEOFWithEmptyRead(t *testing.T) {
   376  	scanner := NewScanner(alwaysError{})
   377  	for scanner.Scan() {
   378  		t.Fatal("read should fail")
   379  	}
   380  	err := scanner.Err()
   381  	if err != io.ErrUnexpectedEOF {
   382  		t.Errorf("unexpected error: %v", err)
   383  	}
   384  }
   385  
   386  // Test that Scan finishes if we have endless empty reads.
   387  type endlessZeros struct{}
   388  
   389  func (endlessZeros) Read(p []byte) (int, error) {
   390  	return 0, nil
   391  }
   392  
   393  func TestBadReader(t *testing.T) {
   394  	scanner := NewScanner(endlessZeros{})
   395  	for scanner.Scan() {
   396  		t.Fatal("read should fail")
   397  	}
   398  	err := scanner.Err()
   399  	if err != io.ErrNoProgress {
   400  		t.Errorf("unexpected error: %v", err)
   401  	}
   402  }
   403  
   404  func TestScanWordsExcessiveWhiteSpace(t *testing.T) {
   405  	const word = "ipsum"
   406  	s := strings.Repeat(" ", 4*smallMaxTokenSize) + word
   407  	scanner := NewScanner(strings.NewReader(s))
   408  	scanner.MaxTokenSize(smallMaxTokenSize)
   409  	scanner.Split(ScanWords)
   410  	if !scanner.Scan() {
   411  		t.Fatalf("scan failed: %v", scanner.Err())
   412  	}
   413  	if token := scanner.Text(); token != word {
   414  		t.Fatalf("unexpected token: %v", token)
   415  	}
   416  }
   417  
   418  // Test that empty tokens, including at end of line or end of file, are found by the scanner.
   419  // Issue 8672: Could miss final empty token.
   420  
   421  func commaSplit(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
   422  	for i := 0; i < len(data); i++ {
   423  		if data[i] == ',' {
   424  			return i + 1, data[:i], nil
   425  		}
   426  	}
   427  	return 0, data, ErrFinalToken
   428  }
   429  
   430  func testEmptyTokens(t *testing.T, text string, values []string) {
   431  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader(text))
   432  	s.Split(commaSplit)
   433  	var i int
   434  	for i = 0; s.Scan(); i++ {
   435  		if i >= len(values) {
   436  			t.Fatalf("got %d fields, expected %d", i+1, len(values))
   437  		}
   438  		if s.Text() != values[i] {
   439  			t.Errorf("%d: expected %q got %q", i, values[i], s.Text())
   440  		}
   441  	}
   442  	if i != len(values) {
   443  		t.Fatalf("got %d fields, expected %d", i, len(values))
   444  	}
   445  	if err := s.Err(); err != nil {
   446  		t.Fatal(err)
   447  	}
   448  }
   449  
   450  func TestEmptyTokens(t *testing.T) {
   451  	testEmptyTokens(t, "1,2,3,", []string{"1", "2", "3", ""})
   452  }
   453  
   454  func TestWithNoEmptyTokens(t *testing.T) {
   455  	testEmptyTokens(t, "1,2,3", []string{"1", "2", "3"})
   456  }
   457  
   458  func loopAtEOFSplit(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
   459  	if len(data) > 0 {
   460  		return 1, data[:1], nil
   461  	}
   462  	return 0, data, nil
   463  }
   464  
   465  func TestDontLoopForever(t *testing.T) {
   466  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader("abc"))
   467  	s.Split(loopAtEOFSplit)
   468  	// Expect a panic
   469  	defer func() {
   470  		err := recover()
   471  		if err == nil {
   472  			t.Fatal("should have panicked")
   473  		}
   474  		if msg, ok := err.(string); !ok || !strings.Contains(msg, "empty tokens") {
   475  			panic(err)
   476  		}
   477  	}()
   478  	for count := 0; s.Scan(); count++ {
   479  		if count > 1000 {
   480  			t.Fatal("looping")
   481  		}
   482  	}
   483  	if s.Err() != nil {
   484  		t.Fatal("after scan:", s.Err())
   485  	}
   486  }
   487  
   488  func TestBlankLines(t *testing.T) {
   489  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader(strings.Repeat("\n", 1000)))
   490  	for count := 0; s.Scan(); count++ {
   491  		if count > 2000 {
   492  			t.Fatal("looping")
   493  		}
   494  	}
   495  	if s.Err() != nil {
   496  		t.Fatal("after scan:", s.Err())
   497  	}
   498  }
   499  
   500  type countdown int
   501  
   502  func (c *countdown) split(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
   503  	if *c > 0 {
   504  		*c--
   505  		return 1, data[:1], nil
   506  	}
   507  	return 0, nil, nil
   508  }
   509  
   510  // Check that the looping-at-EOF check doesn't trigger for merely empty tokens.
   511  func TestEmptyLinesOK(t *testing.T) {
   512  	c := countdown(10000)
   513  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader(strings.Repeat("\n", 10000)))
   514  	s.Split(c.split)
   515  	for s.Scan() {
   516  	}
   517  	if s.Err() != nil {
   518  		t.Fatal("after scan:", s.Err())
   519  	}
   520  	if c != 0 {
   521  		t.Fatalf("stopped with %d left to process", c)
   522  	}
   523  }
   524  
   525  // Make sure we can read a huge token if a big enough buffer is provided.
   526  func TestHugeBuffer(t *testing.T) {
   527  	text := strings.Repeat("x", 2*MaxScanTokenSize)
   528  	s := NewScanner(strings.NewReader(text + "\n"))
   529  	s.Buffer(make([]byte, 100), 3*MaxScanTokenSize)
   530  	for s.Scan() {
   531  		token := s.Text()
   532  		if token != text {
   533  			t.Errorf("scan got incorrect token of length %d", len(token))
   534  		}
   535  	}
   536  	if s.Err() != nil {
   537  		t.Fatal("after scan:", s.Err())
   538  	}
   539  }
   540  

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