...
Run Format

Source file src/archive/zip/struct.go

Documentation: archive/zip

     1  // Copyright 2010 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
     2  // Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
     3  // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
     4  
     5  /*
     6  Package zip provides support for reading and writing ZIP archives.
     7  
     8  See: https://www.pkware.com/appnote
     9  
    10  This package does not support disk spanning.
    11  
    12  A note about ZIP64:
    13  
    14  To be backwards compatible the FileHeader has both 32 and 64 bit Size
    15  fields. The 64 bit fields will always contain the correct value and
    16  for normal archives both fields will be the same. For files requiring
    17  the ZIP64 format the 32 bit fields will be 0xffffffff and the 64 bit
    18  fields must be used instead.
    19  */
    20  package zip
    21  
    22  import (
    23  	"os"
    24  	"path"
    25  	"time"
    26  )
    27  
    28  // Compression methods.
    29  const (
    30  	Store   uint16 = 0 // no compression
    31  	Deflate uint16 = 8 // DEFLATE compressed
    32  )
    33  
    34  const (
    35  	fileHeaderSignature      = 0x04034b50
    36  	directoryHeaderSignature = 0x02014b50
    37  	directoryEndSignature    = 0x06054b50
    38  	directory64LocSignature  = 0x07064b50
    39  	directory64EndSignature  = 0x06064b50
    40  	dataDescriptorSignature  = 0x08074b50 // de-facto standard; required by OS X Finder
    41  	fileHeaderLen            = 30         // + filename + extra
    42  	directoryHeaderLen       = 46         // + filename + extra + comment
    43  	directoryEndLen          = 22         // + comment
    44  	dataDescriptorLen        = 16         // four uint32: descriptor signature, crc32, compressed size, size
    45  	dataDescriptor64Len      = 24         // descriptor with 8 byte sizes
    46  	directory64LocLen        = 20         //
    47  	directory64EndLen        = 56         // + extra
    48  
    49  	// Constants for the first byte in CreatorVersion.
    50  	creatorFAT    = 0
    51  	creatorUnix   = 3
    52  	creatorNTFS   = 11
    53  	creatorVFAT   = 14
    54  	creatorMacOSX = 19
    55  
    56  	// Version numbers.
    57  	zipVersion20 = 20 // 2.0
    58  	zipVersion45 = 45 // 4.5 (reads and writes zip64 archives)
    59  
    60  	// Limits for non zip64 files.
    61  	uint16max = (1 << 16) - 1
    62  	uint32max = (1 << 32) - 1
    63  
    64  	// Extra header IDs.
    65  	//
    66  	// IDs 0..31 are reserved for official use by PKWARE.
    67  	// IDs above that range are defined by third-party vendors.
    68  	// Since ZIP lacked high precision timestamps (nor a official specification
    69  	// of the timezone used for the date fields), many competing extra fields
    70  	// have been invented. Pervasive use effectively makes them "official".
    71  	//
    72  	// See http://mdfs.net/Docs/Comp/Archiving/Zip/ExtraField
    73  	zip64ExtraID       = 0x0001 // Zip64 extended information
    74  	ntfsExtraID        = 0x000a // NTFS
    75  	unixExtraID        = 0x000d // UNIX
    76  	extTimeExtraID     = 0x5455 // Extended timestamp
    77  	infoZipUnixExtraID = 0x5855 // Info-ZIP Unix extension
    78  )
    79  
    80  // FileHeader describes a file within a zip file.
    81  // See the zip spec for details.
    82  type FileHeader struct {
    83  	// Name is the name of the file.
    84  	//
    85  	// It must be a relative path, not start with a drive letter (such as "C:"),
    86  	// and must use forward slashes instead of back slashes. A trailing slash
    87  	// indicates that this file is a directory and should have no data.
    88  	//
    89  	// When reading zip files, the Name field is populated from
    90  	// the zip file directly and is not validated for correctness.
    91  	// It is the caller's responsibility to sanitize it as
    92  	// appropriate, including canonicalizing slash directions,
    93  	// validating that paths are relative, and preventing path
    94  	// traversal through filenames ("../../../").
    95  	Name string
    96  
    97  	// Comment is any arbitrary user-defined string shorter than 64KiB.
    98  	Comment string
    99  
   100  	// NonUTF8 indicates that Name and Comment are not encoded in UTF-8.
   101  	//
   102  	// By specification, the only other encoding permitted should be CP-437,
   103  	// but historically many ZIP readers interpret Name and Comment as whatever
   104  	// the system's local character encoding happens to be.
   105  	//
   106  	// This flag should only be set if the user intends to encode a non-portable
   107  	// ZIP file for a specific localized region. Otherwise, the Writer
   108  	// automatically sets the ZIP format's UTF-8 flag for valid UTF-8 strings.
   109  	NonUTF8 bool
   110  
   111  	CreatorVersion uint16
   112  	ReaderVersion  uint16
   113  	Flags          uint16
   114  
   115  	// Method is the compression method. If zero, Store is used.
   116  	Method uint16
   117  
   118  	// Modified is the modified time of the file.
   119  	//
   120  	// When reading, an extended timestamp is preferred over the legacy MS-DOS
   121  	// date field, and the offset between the times is used as the timezone.
   122  	// If only the MS-DOS date is present, the timezone is assumed to be UTC.
   123  	//
   124  	// When writing, an extended timestamp (which is timezone-agnostic) is
   125  	// always emitted. The legacy MS-DOS date field is encoded according to the
   126  	// location of the Modified time.
   127  	Modified     time.Time
   128  	ModifiedTime uint16 // Deprecated: Legacy MS-DOS date; use Modified instead.
   129  	ModifiedDate uint16 // Deprecated: Legacy MS-DOS time; use Modified instead.
   130  
   131  	CRC32              uint32
   132  	CompressedSize     uint32 // Deprecated: Use CompressedSize64 instead.
   133  	UncompressedSize   uint32 // Deprecated: Use UncompressedSize64 instead.
   134  	CompressedSize64   uint64
   135  	UncompressedSize64 uint64
   136  	Extra              []byte
   137  	ExternalAttrs      uint32 // Meaning depends on CreatorVersion
   138  }
   139  
   140  // FileInfo returns an os.FileInfo for the FileHeader.
   141  func (h *FileHeader) FileInfo() os.FileInfo {
   142  	return headerFileInfo{h}
   143  }
   144  
   145  // headerFileInfo implements os.FileInfo.
   146  type headerFileInfo struct {
   147  	fh *FileHeader
   148  }
   149  
   150  func (fi headerFileInfo) Name() string { return path.Base(fi.fh.Name) }
   151  func (fi headerFileInfo) Size() int64 {
   152  	if fi.fh.UncompressedSize64 > 0 {
   153  		return int64(fi.fh.UncompressedSize64)
   154  	}
   155  	return int64(fi.fh.UncompressedSize)
   156  }
   157  func (fi headerFileInfo) IsDir() bool        { return fi.Mode().IsDir() }
   158  func (fi headerFileInfo) ModTime() time.Time { return fi.fh.ModTime() }
   159  func (fi headerFileInfo) Mode() os.FileMode  { return fi.fh.Mode() }
   160  func (fi headerFileInfo) Sys() interface{}   { return fi.fh }
   161  
   162  // FileInfoHeader creates a partially-populated FileHeader from an
   163  // os.FileInfo.
   164  // Because os.FileInfo's Name method returns only the base name of
   165  // the file it describes, it may be necessary to modify the Name field
   166  // of the returned header to provide the full path name of the file.
   167  // If compression is desired, callers should set the FileHeader.Method
   168  // field; it is unset by default.
   169  func FileInfoHeader(fi os.FileInfo) (*FileHeader, error) {
   170  	size := fi.Size()
   171  	fh := &FileHeader{
   172  		Name:               fi.Name(),
   173  		UncompressedSize64: uint64(size),
   174  	}
   175  	fh.SetModTime(fi.ModTime())
   176  	fh.SetMode(fi.Mode())
   177  	if fh.UncompressedSize64 > uint32max {
   178  		fh.UncompressedSize = uint32max
   179  	} else {
   180  		fh.UncompressedSize = uint32(fh.UncompressedSize64)
   181  	}
   182  	return fh, nil
   183  }
   184  
   185  type directoryEnd struct {
   186  	diskNbr            uint32 // unused
   187  	dirDiskNbr         uint32 // unused
   188  	dirRecordsThisDisk uint64 // unused
   189  	directoryRecords   uint64
   190  	directorySize      uint64
   191  	directoryOffset    uint64 // relative to file
   192  	commentLen         uint16
   193  	comment            string
   194  }
   195  
   196  // timeZone returns a *time.Location based on the provided offset.
   197  // If the offset is non-sensible, then this uses an offset of zero.
   198  func timeZone(offset time.Duration) *time.Location {
   199  	const (
   200  		minOffset   = -12 * time.Hour  // E.g., Baker island at -12:00
   201  		maxOffset   = +14 * time.Hour  // E.g., Line island at +14:00
   202  		offsetAlias = 15 * time.Minute // E.g., Nepal at +5:45
   203  	)
   204  	offset = offset.Round(offsetAlias)
   205  	if offset < minOffset || maxOffset < offset {
   206  		offset = 0
   207  	}
   208  	return time.FixedZone("", int(offset/time.Second))
   209  }
   210  
   211  // msDosTimeToTime converts an MS-DOS date and time into a time.Time.
   212  // The resolution is 2s.
   213  // See: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms724247(v=VS.85).aspx
   214  func msDosTimeToTime(dosDate, dosTime uint16) time.Time {
   215  	return time.Date(
   216  		// date bits 0-4: day of month; 5-8: month; 9-15: years since 1980
   217  		int(dosDate>>9+1980),
   218  		time.Month(dosDate>>5&0xf),
   219  		int(dosDate&0x1f),
   220  
   221  		// time bits 0-4: second/2; 5-10: minute; 11-15: hour
   222  		int(dosTime>>11),
   223  		int(dosTime>>5&0x3f),
   224  		int(dosTime&0x1f*2),
   225  		0, // nanoseconds
   226  
   227  		time.UTC,
   228  	)
   229  }
   230  
   231  // timeToMsDosTime converts a time.Time to an MS-DOS date and time.
   232  // The resolution is 2s.
   233  // See: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms724274(v=VS.85).aspx
   234  func timeToMsDosTime(t time.Time) (fDate uint16, fTime uint16) {
   235  	fDate = uint16(t.Day() + int(t.Month())<<5 + (t.Year()-1980)<<9)
   236  	fTime = uint16(t.Second()/2 + t.Minute()<<5 + t.Hour()<<11)
   237  	return
   238  }
   239  
   240  // ModTime returns the modification time in UTC using the legacy
   241  // ModifiedDate and ModifiedTime fields.
   242  //
   243  // Deprecated: Use Modified instead.
   244  func (h *FileHeader) ModTime() time.Time {
   245  	return msDosTimeToTime(h.ModifiedDate, h.ModifiedTime)
   246  }
   247  
   248  // SetModTime sets the Modified, ModifiedTime, and ModifiedDate fields
   249  // to the given time in UTC.
   250  //
   251  // Deprecated: Use Modified instead.
   252  func (h *FileHeader) SetModTime(t time.Time) {
   253  	t = t.UTC() // Convert to UTC for compatibility
   254  	h.Modified = t
   255  	h.ModifiedDate, h.ModifiedTime = timeToMsDosTime(t)
   256  }
   257  
   258  const (
   259  	// Unix constants. The specification doesn't mention them,
   260  	// but these seem to be the values agreed on by tools.
   261  	s_IFMT   = 0xf000
   262  	s_IFSOCK = 0xc000
   263  	s_IFLNK  = 0xa000
   264  	s_IFREG  = 0x8000
   265  	s_IFBLK  = 0x6000
   266  	s_IFDIR  = 0x4000
   267  	s_IFCHR  = 0x2000
   268  	s_IFIFO  = 0x1000
   269  	s_ISUID  = 0x800
   270  	s_ISGID  = 0x400
   271  	s_ISVTX  = 0x200
   272  
   273  	msdosDir      = 0x10
   274  	msdosReadOnly = 0x01
   275  )
   276  
   277  // Mode returns the permission and mode bits for the FileHeader.
   278  func (h *FileHeader) Mode() (mode os.FileMode) {
   279  	switch h.CreatorVersion >> 8 {
   280  	case creatorUnix, creatorMacOSX:
   281  		mode = unixModeToFileMode(h.ExternalAttrs >> 16)
   282  	case creatorNTFS, creatorVFAT, creatorFAT:
   283  		mode = msdosModeToFileMode(h.ExternalAttrs)
   284  	}
   285  	if len(h.Name) > 0 && h.Name[len(h.Name)-1] == '/' {
   286  		mode |= os.ModeDir
   287  	}
   288  	return mode
   289  }
   290  
   291  // SetMode changes the permission and mode bits for the FileHeader.
   292  func (h *FileHeader) SetMode(mode os.FileMode) {
   293  	h.CreatorVersion = h.CreatorVersion&0xff | creatorUnix<<8
   294  	h.ExternalAttrs = fileModeToUnixMode(mode) << 16
   295  
   296  	// set MSDOS attributes too, as the original zip does.
   297  	if mode&os.ModeDir != 0 {
   298  		h.ExternalAttrs |= msdosDir
   299  	}
   300  	if mode&0200 == 0 {
   301  		h.ExternalAttrs |= msdosReadOnly
   302  	}
   303  }
   304  
   305  // isZip64 reports whether the file size exceeds the 32 bit limit
   306  func (fh *FileHeader) isZip64() bool {
   307  	return fh.CompressedSize64 >= uint32max || fh.UncompressedSize64 >= uint32max
   308  }
   309  
   310  func msdosModeToFileMode(m uint32) (mode os.FileMode) {
   311  	if m&msdosDir != 0 {
   312  		mode = os.ModeDir | 0777
   313  	} else {
   314  		mode = 0666
   315  	}
   316  	if m&msdosReadOnly != 0 {
   317  		mode &^= 0222
   318  	}
   319  	return mode
   320  }
   321  
   322  func fileModeToUnixMode(mode os.FileMode) uint32 {
   323  	var m uint32
   324  	switch mode & os.ModeType {
   325  	default:
   326  		m = s_IFREG
   327  	case os.ModeDir:
   328  		m = s_IFDIR
   329  	case os.ModeSymlink:
   330  		m = s_IFLNK
   331  	case os.ModeNamedPipe:
   332  		m = s_IFIFO
   333  	case os.ModeSocket:
   334  		m = s_IFSOCK
   335  	case os.ModeDevice:
   336  		if mode&os.ModeCharDevice != 0 {
   337  			m = s_IFCHR
   338  		} else {
   339  			m = s_IFBLK
   340  		}
   341  	}
   342  	if mode&os.ModeSetuid != 0 {
   343  		m |= s_ISUID
   344  	}
   345  	if mode&os.ModeSetgid != 0 {
   346  		m |= s_ISGID
   347  	}
   348  	if mode&os.ModeSticky != 0 {
   349  		m |= s_ISVTX
   350  	}
   351  	return m | uint32(mode&0777)
   352  }
   353  
   354  func unixModeToFileMode(m uint32) os.FileMode {
   355  	mode := os.FileMode(m & 0777)
   356  	switch m & s_IFMT {
   357  	case s_IFBLK:
   358  		mode |= os.ModeDevice
   359  	case s_IFCHR:
   360  		mode |= os.ModeDevice | os.ModeCharDevice
   361  	case s_IFDIR:
   362  		mode |= os.ModeDir
   363  	case s_IFIFO:
   364  		mode |= os.ModeNamedPipe
   365  	case s_IFLNK:
   366  		mode |= os.ModeSymlink
   367  	case s_IFREG:
   368  		// nothing to do
   369  	case s_IFSOCK:
   370  		mode |= os.ModeSocket
   371  	}
   372  	if m&s_ISGID != 0 {
   373  		mode |= os.ModeSetgid
   374  	}
   375  	if m&s_ISUID != 0 {
   376  		mode |= os.ModeSetuid
   377  	}
   378  	if m&s_ISVTX != 0 {
   379  		mode |= os.ModeSticky
   380  	}
   381  	return mode
   382  }
   383  

View as plain text