Black Lives Matter. Support the Equal Justice Initiative.

Package base64

import "encoding/base64"

Overview ▾

Package base64 implements base64 encoding as specified by RFC 4648.


Hello, 世界


const (
    StdPadding rune = '=' // Standard padding character
    NoPadding  rune = -1  // No padding
const encodeStd = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/"
const encodeURL = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789-_"


RawStdEncoding is the standard raw, unpadded base64 encoding, as defined in RFC 4648 section 3.2. This is the same as StdEncoding but omits padding characters.

var RawStdEncoding = StdEncoding.WithPadding(NoPadding)

RawURLEncoding is the unpadded alternate base64 encoding defined in RFC 4648. It is typically used in URLs and file names. This is the same as URLEncoding but omits padding characters.

var RawURLEncoding = URLEncoding.WithPadding(NoPadding)

StdEncoding is the standard base64 encoding, as defined in RFC 4648.

var StdEncoding = NewEncoding(encodeStd)

URLEncoding is the alternate base64 encoding defined in RFC 4648. It is typically used in URLs and file names.

var URLEncoding = NewEncoding(encodeURL)

func NewDecoder

func NewDecoder(enc *Encoding, r io.Reader) io.Reader

NewDecoder constructs a new base64 stream decoder.

func NewEncoder

func NewEncoder(enc *Encoding, w io.Writer) io.WriteCloser

NewEncoder returns a new base64 stream encoder. Data written to the returned writer will be encoded using enc and then written to w. Base64 encodings operate in 4-byte blocks; when finished writing, the caller must Close the returned encoder to flush any partially written blocks.



func assemble32

func assemble32(n1, n2, n3, n4 byte) (dn uint32, ok bool)

assemble32 assembles 4 base64 digits into 3 bytes. Each digit comes from the decode map, and will be 0xff if it came from an invalid character.

func assemble64

func assemble64(n1, n2, n3, n4, n5, n6, n7, n8 byte) (dn uint64, ok bool)

assemble64 assembles 8 base64 digits into 6 bytes. Each digit comes from the decode map, and will be 0xff if it came from an invalid character.

type CorruptInputError

type CorruptInputError int64

func (CorruptInputError) Error

func (e CorruptInputError) Error() string

type Encoding

An Encoding is a radix 64 encoding/decoding scheme, defined by a 64-character alphabet. The most common encoding is the "base64" encoding defined in RFC 4648 and used in MIME (RFC 2045) and PEM (RFC 1421). RFC 4648 also defines an alternate encoding, which is the standard encoding with - and _ substituted for + and /.

type Encoding struct {
    encode    [64]byte
    decodeMap [256]byte
    padChar   rune
    strict    bool

func NewEncoding

func NewEncoding(encoder string) *Encoding

NewEncoding returns a new padded Encoding defined by the given alphabet, which must be a 64-byte string that does not contain the padding character or CR / LF ('\r', '\n'). The resulting Encoding uses the default padding character ('='), which may be changed or disabled via WithPadding.

func (*Encoding) Decode

func (enc *Encoding) Decode(dst, src []byte) (n int, err error)

Decode decodes src using the encoding enc. It writes at most DecodedLen(len(src)) bytes to dst and returns the number of bytes written. If src contains invalid base64 data, it will return the number of bytes successfully written and CorruptInputError. New line characters (\r and \n) are ignored.

func (*Encoding) DecodeString

func (enc *Encoding) DecodeString(s string) ([]byte, error)

DecodeString returns the bytes represented by the base64 string s.


"some data with \x00 and \ufeff"

func (*Encoding) DecodedLen

func (enc *Encoding) DecodedLen(n int) int

DecodedLen returns the maximum length in bytes of the decoded data corresponding to n bytes of base64-encoded data.

func (*Encoding) Encode

func (enc *Encoding) Encode(dst, src []byte)

Encode encodes src using the encoding enc, writing EncodedLen(len(src)) bytes to dst.

The encoding pads the output to a multiple of 4 bytes, so Encode is not appropriate for use on individual blocks of a large data stream. Use NewEncoder() instead.

func (*Encoding) EncodeToString

func (enc *Encoding) EncodeToString(src []byte) string

EncodeToString returns the base64 encoding of src.



func (*Encoding) EncodedLen

func (enc *Encoding) EncodedLen(n int) int

EncodedLen returns the length in bytes of the base64 encoding of an input buffer of length n.

func (Encoding) Strict 1.8

func (enc Encoding) Strict() *Encoding

Strict creates a new encoding identical to enc except with strict decoding enabled. In this mode, the decoder requires that trailing padding bits are zero, as described in RFC 4648 section 3.5.

Note that the input is still malleable, as new line characters (CR and LF) are still ignored.

func (Encoding) WithPadding 1.5

func (enc Encoding) WithPadding(padding rune) *Encoding

WithPadding creates a new encoding identical to enc except with a specified padding character, or NoPadding to disable padding. The padding character must not be '\r' or '\n', must not be contained in the encoding's alphabet and must be a rune equal or below '\xff'.

func (*Encoding) decodeQuantum

func (enc *Encoding) decodeQuantum(dst, src []byte, si int) (nsi, n int, err error)

decodeQuantum decodes up to 4 base64 bytes. The received parameters are the destination buffer dst, the source buffer src and an index in the source buffer si. It returns the number of bytes read from src, the number of bytes written to dst, and an error, if any.

type decoder

type decoder struct {
    err     error
    readErr error // error from r.Read
    enc     *Encoding
    r       io.Reader
    buf     [1024]byte // leftover input
    nbuf    int
    out     []byte // leftover decoded output
    outbuf  [1024 / 4 * 3]byte

func (*decoder) Read

func (d *decoder) Read(p []byte) (n int, err error)

type encoder

type encoder struct {
    err  error
    enc  *Encoding
    w    io.Writer
    buf  [3]byte    // buffered data waiting to be encoded
    nbuf int        // number of bytes in buf
    out  [1024]byte // output buffer

func (*encoder) Close

func (e *encoder) Close() error

Close flushes any pending output from the encoder. It is an error to call Write after calling Close.

func (*encoder) Write

func (e *encoder) Write(p []byte) (n int, err error)

type newlineFilteringReader

type newlineFilteringReader struct {
    wrapped io.Reader

func (*newlineFilteringReader) Read

func (r *newlineFilteringReader) Read(p []byte) (int, error)