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Package builtin

import "builtin"
Overview
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Package builtin provides documentation for Go's predeclared identifiers. The items documented here are not actually in package builtin but their descriptions here allow godoc to present documentation for the language's special identifiers.

Constants

true and false are the two untyped boolean values.

const (
        true  = 0 == 0 // Untyped bool.
        false = 0 != 0 // Untyped bool.
)

iota is a predeclared identifier representing the untyped integer ordinal number of the current const specification in a (usually parenthesized) const declaration. It is zero-indexed.

const iota = 0 // Untyped int.

Variables

nil is a predeclared identifier representing the zero value for a pointer, channel, func, interface, map, or slice type.

var nil Type // Type must be a pointer, channel, func, interface, map, or slice type

func append

The append built-in function appends elements to the end of a slice. If it has sufficient capacity, the destination is resliced to accommodate the new elements. If it does not, a new underlying array will be allocated. Append returns the updated slice. It is therefore necessary to store the result of append, often in the variable holding the slice itself:

slice = append(slice, elem1, elem2)
slice = append(slice, anotherSlice...)

As a special case, it is legal to append a string to a byte slice, like this:

slice = append([]byte("hello "), "world"...)
func append(slice []Type, elems ...Type) []Type

func cap

The cap built-in function returns the capacity of v, according to its type:

Array: the number of elements in v (same as len(v)).
Pointer to array: the number of elements in *v (same as len(v)).
Slice: the maximum length the slice can reach when resliced;
if v is nil, cap(v) is zero.
Channel: the channel buffer capacity, in units of elements;
if v is nil, cap(v) is zero.
func cap(v Type) int

func close

The close built-in function closes a channel, which must be either bidirectional or send-only. It should be executed only by the sender, never the receiver, and has the effect of shutting down the channel after the last sent value is received. After the last value has been received from a closed channel c, any receive from c will succeed without blocking, returning the zero value for the channel element. The form

x, ok := <-c

will also set ok to false for a closed channel.

func close(c chan<- Type)

func complex

The complex built-in function constructs a complex value from two floating-point values. The real and imaginary parts must be of the same size, either float32 or float64 (or assignable to them), and the return value will be the corresponding complex type (complex64 for float32, complex128 for float64).

func complex(r, i FloatType) ComplexType

func copy

The copy built-in function copies elements from a source slice into a destination slice. (As a special case, it also will copy bytes from a string to a slice of bytes.) The source and destination may overlap. Copy returns the number of elements copied, which will be the minimum of len(src) and len(dst).

func copy(dst, src []Type) int

func delete

The delete built-in function deletes the element with the specified key (m[key]) from the map. If m is nil or there is no such element, delete is a no-op.

func delete(m map[Type]Type1, key Type)

func imag

The imag built-in function returns the imaginary part of the complex number c. The return value will be floating point type corresponding to the type of c.

func imag(c ComplexType) FloatType

func len

The len built-in function returns the length of v, according to its type:

Array: the number of elements in v.
Pointer to array: the number of elements in *v (even if v is nil).
Slice, or map: the number of elements in v; if v is nil, len(v) is zero.
String: the number of bytes in v.
Channel: the number of elements queued (unread) in the channel buffer;
if v is nil, len(v) is zero.
func len(v Type) int

func make

The make built-in function allocates and initializes an object of type slice, map, or chan (only). Like new, the first argument is a type, not a value. Unlike new, make's return type is the same as the type of its argument, not a pointer to it. The specification of the result depends on the type:

Slice: The size specifies the length. The capacity of the slice is
equal to its length. A second integer argument may be provided to
specify a different capacity; it must be no smaller than the
length, so make([]int, 0, 10) allocates a slice of length 0 and
capacity 10.
Map: An initial allocation is made according to the size but the
resulting map has length 0. The size may be omitted, in which case
a small starting size is allocated.
Channel: The channel's buffer is initialized with the specified
buffer capacity. If zero, or the size is omitted, the channel is
unbuffered.
func make(Type, size IntegerType) Type

func new

The new built-in function allocates memory. The first argument is a type, not a value, and the value returned is a pointer to a newly allocated zero value of that type.

func new(Type) *Type

func panic

The panic built-in function stops normal execution of the current goroutine. When a function F calls panic, normal execution of F stops immediately. Any functions whose execution was deferred by F are run in the usual way, and then F returns to its caller. To the caller G, the invocation of F then behaves like a call to panic, terminating G's execution and running any deferred functions. This continues until all functions in the executing goroutine have stopped, in reverse order. At that point, the program is terminated and the error condition is reported, including the value of the argument to panic. This termination sequence is called panicking and can be controlled by the built-in function recover.

func panic(v interface{})

func print

The print built-in function formats its arguments in an implementation-specific way and writes the result to standard error. Print is useful for bootstrapping and debugging; it is not guaranteed to stay in the language.

func print(args ...Type)

func println

The println built-in function formats its arguments in an implementation-specific way and writes the result to standard error. Spaces are always added between arguments and a newline is appended. Println is useful for bootstrapping and debugging; it is not guaranteed to stay in the language.

func println(args ...Type)

func real

The real built-in function returns the real part of the complex number c. The return value will be floating point type corresponding to the type of c.

func real(c ComplexType) FloatType

func recover

The recover built-in function allows a program to manage behavior of a panicking goroutine. Executing a call to recover inside a deferred function (but not any function called by it) stops the panicking sequence by restoring normal execution and retrieves the error value passed to the call of panic. If recover is called outside the deferred function it will not stop a panicking sequence. In this case, or when the goroutine is not panicking, or if the argument supplied to panic was nil, recover returns nil. Thus the return value from recover reports whether the goroutine is panicking.

func recover() interface{}

type ComplexType

ComplexType is here for the purposes of documentation only. It is a stand-in for either complex type: complex64 or complex128.

type ComplexType complex64

type FloatType

FloatType is here for the purposes of documentation only. It is a stand-in for either float type: float32 or float64.

type FloatType float32

type IntegerType

IntegerType is here for the purposes of documentation only. It is a stand-in for any integer type: int, uint, int8 etc.

type IntegerType int

type Type

Type is here for the purposes of documentation only. It is a stand-in for any Go type, but represents the same type for any given function invocation.

type Type int

type Type1

Type1 is here for the purposes of documentation only. It is a stand-in for any Go type, but represents the same type for any given function invocation.

type Type1 int

type bool

bool is the set of boolean values, true and false.

type bool bool

type byte

byte is an alias for uint8 and is equivalent to uint8 in all ways. It is used, by convention, to distinguish byte values from 8-bit unsigned integer values.

type byte byte

type complex128

complex128 is the set of all complex numbers with float64 real and imaginary parts.

type complex128 complex128

type complex64

complex64 is the set of all complex numbers with float32 real and imaginary parts.

type complex64 complex64

type error

The error built-in interface type is the conventional interface for representing an error condition, with the nil value representing no error.

type error interface {
        Error() string
}

type float32

float32 is the set of all IEEE-754 32-bit floating-point numbers.

type float32 float32

type float64

float64 is the set of all IEEE-754 64-bit floating-point numbers.

type float64 float64

type int

int is a signed integer type that is at least 32 bits in size. It is a distinct type, however, and not an alias for, say, int32.

type int int

type int16

int16 is the set of all signed 16-bit integers. Range: -32768 through 32767.

type int16 int16

type int32

int32 is the set of all signed 32-bit integers. Range: -2147483648 through 2147483647.

type int32 int32

type int64

int64 is the set of all signed 64-bit integers. Range: -9223372036854775808 through 9223372036854775807.

type int64 int64

type int8

int8 is the set of all signed 8-bit integers. Range: -128 through 127.

type int8 int8

type rune

rune is an alias for int32 and is equivalent to int32 in all ways. It is used, by convention, to distinguish character values from integer values.

type rune rune

type string

string is the set of all strings of 8-bit bytes, conventionally but not necessarily representing UTF-8-encoded text. A string may be empty, but not nil. Values of string type are immutable.

type string string

type uint

uint is an unsigned integer type that is at least 32 bits in size. It is a distinct type, however, and not an alias for, say, uint32.

type uint uint

type uint16

uint16 is the set of all unsigned 16-bit integers. Range: 0 through 65535.

type uint16 uint16

type uint32

uint32 is the set of all unsigned 32-bit integers. Range: 0 through 4294967295.

type uint32 uint32

type uint64

uint64 is the set of all unsigned 64-bit integers. Range: 0 through 18446744073709551615.

type uint64 uint64

type uint8

uint8 is the set of all unsigned 8-bit integers. Range: 0 through 255.

type uint8 uint8

type uintptr

uintptr is an integer type that is large enough to hold the bit pattern of any pointer.

type uintptr uintptr